Thermal Conversion of Solid Fuels
Describes the decomposition of thermal convrsion of solid fuel beds into its major influencing sub-processes.
Format: Hardcover, English, 220 pages
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This book deals with the complex processes and various aspects of thermal conversion of solid fuel beds. The book describes the decomposition of the entire process into its major influencing sub-processes based on their contribution to the energy and species balance. Three major areas of engineering (computational fluid dynamics, motion of granular media, and combustion as simulation tools) describe these sub-processes. All three areas are introduced thoroughly along with their complementary contribution to the simulation of the entire process. This leads to a deeper knowledge of both the physics and chemistry of thermal conversion and contributes to improvement of plants and a better design.
The book offers a detailed review on current simulation techniques for the thermal conversion of packed beds. Furthermore, the analysis of the entire process in conjunction with its physical and chemical background investigation into the different aspects of packed bed combustion it provides also valuable information to the experienced engineer and postgraduates.
The book covers both the thermodynamic,including chemical reactions, and the fluid dynamic aspects of packed bed conversion. After a general description of the phenomena of packed bed conversion, an analysis of the relevant processes is presented. It identifies the processes of major influence on the conversion of the packed bed and thus establishes guidelines for the simulation method. It distinguishes itself from current approaches, which are dealt with in an extended literature review, in so far that a packed bed is considered an ensemble of fuel particles. Thus, the numerical method takes into account particle processes such as heat-up, drying, thermal degradation and gasification in conjunction with the motion of particles in combustion devices. The motion of particles is simulated within a Lagrangian frame of reference. State-of-the-art methods are employed to simulate the flow of air within the void space of a packed bed and heat and mass transfer between the solid and gaseous phase. The implementation is carried out by modern object-oriented programming techniques. Experiments and predictions of the model cover thermal conversion of both a single particle and a packed bed. Thus this approach provides detailed results and highlights important aspects of the relevant processes.
Table of Contents
|Thermal conversion of a packed bed|
|Relevant physical processes|
|Thermal conversion of a single particle: Thermo- and fluid dynamics in a reacting packed bed|
|Particle motion in packed beds|
|3||Object-oriented Techniques in TOSCA|
|Elements of object-oriented programming|
|TOSCA class library|
|4||Validation and predictions|
|Conversion of a single particle|
|Motion of particles|
|Conversion of a packed bed|