# [ICEM] Aspect Ratio is too high. ICEM

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 April 27, 2013, 23:06 Aspect Ratio is too high. ICEM #1 New Member   Emon P Join Date: Mar 2013 Posts: 22 Rep Power: 4 Hi, everyone. I want to know how to control the aspect ratio if the height of boundary layers is less than 1% of the global sizes. I am simulating ventilation in office room and there are some energy sources in my case. I should ensure the y+<5 so the aspect ratio is very easy to be higher than 100. Especially in the domain far away from the boundary, I don't know whether this problem will cause wrong results in fluent. By the way, I use blocking method. Thank you in advanced for any information.

 April 28, 2013, 02:19 #2 Super Moderator     Sijal Ahmed Memon (turboenginner@gmail.com) Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Islamabad Pakistan Posts: 3,914 Blog Entries: 6 Rep Power: 38 is it a 2d problem? AR of 100 is not too high. However to enhance accuracy use double precision solver with high aspect ratios.

April 28, 2013, 07:56
#3
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Emon P
Join Date: Mar 2013
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Far is it a 2d problem? AR of 100 is not too high. However to enhance accuracy use double precision solver with high aspect ratios.
Thank you very much, I will try double precision.
It is a 3d problem. In my case, the temperature is about 1℃ lower than experiment . I can't find the reason so I thought the problem may be aspect ratio.

 April 28, 2013, 08:17 #4 Super Moderator     Sijal Ahmed Memon (turboenginner@gmail.com) Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Islamabad Pakistan Posts: 3,914 Blog Entries: 6 Rep Power: 38 For 3d problem you can have AR upto 1000 or even higher. Mesh is the problem but not always RodriguezFatz likes this.

April 28, 2013, 08:40
#5
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Emon P
Join Date: Mar 2013
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Far For 3d problem you can have AR upto 1000 or even higher. Mesh is the problem but not always
Thanks.
I will try use other turbulence models or refine the mesh.

 April 28, 2013, 11:15 #6 Senior Member   Ananthakrishnan.A.S Join Date: Feb 2012 Location: Mumbai (Bombay), India Posts: 143 Rep Power: 7 Hi, Just in case if you have not discovered this idea. Keep a uniform node distribution in the far field boundary. This will help reducing the aspect ratio as well. If not you might end up having reversed flow at the outlet in fluent. hope this idea is relevant to you!!

 April 28, 2013, 11:31 #7 Super Moderator     Sijal Ahmed Memon (turboenginner@gmail.com) Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Islamabad Pakistan Posts: 3,914 Blog Entries: 6 Rep Power: 38 Ananthakrishnan : Very relevant hint. I agree too

April 29, 2013, 09:39
#8
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Emon P
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 22
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Ananthakrishnan Hi, Just in case if you have not discovered this idea. Keep a uniform node distribution in the far field boundary. This will help reducing the aspect ratio as well. If not you might end up having reversed flow at the outlet in fluent. hope this idea is relevant to you!!
Ananthakrishnan：
Thanks. In my case, their are some computers(rectangular box, use temperature as boundary condition in fluent) on a table(thickness=0) in the office.
I split the block and set the edge params to control the spacing and ratio, this cause the aspect ratio very high. I don't know how to keep uniform node distribution in the far field boundary and control the spacing and ratio at the same time.
Could you tell me how to mesh the boundary layers near the computer surfaces and table?
Thank you very much.

 April 29, 2013, 09:57 #9 Super Moderator     Sijal Ahmed Memon (turboenginner@gmail.com) Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Islamabad Pakistan Posts: 3,914 Blog Entries: 6 Rep Power: 38 Instead of using copy to all parallel edges, set spacing parameters individually. Give fine spacing/ratio on the wall surfaces (computers etc) and define uniform spacing in the farfield.

April 29, 2013, 10:03
#10
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Emon P
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Far Instead of using copy to all parallel edges, set spacing parameters individually. Give fine spacing/ratio on the wall surfaces (computers etc) and define uniform spacing in the farfield.
Far:

If set spacing parameters individually, would the grid orthogonality be another problem?

 April 29, 2013, 11:29 #11 Senior Member   Ananthakrishnan.A.S Join Date: Feb 2012 Location: Mumbai (Bombay), India Posts: 143 Rep Power: 7 Hi, Theoritically it can cause some problems. Just check the pre mesh orthogonal quality. If its too bad then you might have to change your blocking strategy a little bit at those places..If not you can go ahead. Generally it does not create such big problems. Go ahead and try it out!! because without that there are very high probabilities of reverse flow

April 29, 2013, 11:49
#12
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Emon P
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Ananthakrishnan Hi, Theoritically it can cause some problems. Just check the pre mesh orthogonal quality. If its too bad then you might have to change your blocking strategy a little bit at those places..If not you can go ahead. Generally it does not create such big problems. Go ahead and try it out!! because without that there are very high probabilities of reverse flow
After trail and error, I get better result using hex-core method to generate mesh and Launder-Sharma model instead of k-e RNG turbulence model, even though mesh quality is very low(I don't know how to refine it, so I let it be).

Next step, I will try what you and Far suggested.

April 29, 2013, 11:59
#13
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Emon P
Join Date: Mar 2013
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Far For 3d problem you can have AR upto 1000 or even higher. Mesh is the problem but not always
Far:
What you said is absolutely right!
When I change RNG k-e to Launder-Sharma model, I get better result. And I will try refine the mesh to find whether bether mesh can get good result or not.
I really appreciate you helping me.

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