Turbulence modelling
Hi I am currently working on airfoil case and I would like to have a second opinion regarding turbulence modelling. For modelling turbulence shall I use the High Reynolds model since I have very high Reynolds numbers or there is a more adequate model (kepsilon RNG for example)? My computational domain consists if 23000 cells and the boundary conditions are inlet,outlet and wall for the airfoil. I really appreciate your help.

Re: Turbulence modelling
Best 2 equations turbulence model is KOmega SST (see supplementary release notes of STARCD v3.150A on how to set up) for your case. Use a pressure boundary at the outlet and make use of a much finer mesh. To reduce runtime, use the AMG solver.

Re: Turbulence modelling
Is it wrong to use oulet boundary condition. I think that if I use pressure the conditions of the flow are unknown, the computational domain is quite large, and this may lead to divergence? Am i right? In addition why should I use a finer mesh since the results I get are grid independent? What is the AMG solver. Again thanks a lot for your help

Re: Turbulence modelling
kw SST needs a fine near wall mesh like TwoLayer or Keps Low Reynolds models (have a look on the user guide). Therefore you should refine your mesh.

Re: Turbulence modelling
Furthermore, what do you mean by mesh independent solution? The mesh independent solution is only reached when you have refined your mesh so many times that the calculated solution does not change anymore. The AMG solver is an Algebraic Multigrid Solver. This has the advantage to be much faster for the solving procedure than the CG solver, especially on mesh with cells with high aspect ratios (like the ones you should have in the boundary layer, near the profile skin).

Re: Turbulence modelling
I think I have already a fine mesh. It consists of 28800 cells. I also wanted to know what values I can use for turbulence intensity and turbulence length. again thanks a lot.

Re: Turbulence modelling
in order to know, if your mesh is fine enough at the walls, you should check the y+ values. For Keps y+ from 30 to 100 is required, for Twolayer,LowRe or Kw SST y+ <1

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