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Old   February 19, 2013, 06:38
Default Jet Ejector- Convergence
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BhaskarD
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Hi all,
I am working with jet ejector, my primary target is to simulate the suction of atmospheric air through water jet.
I have modeled and simulated various models but the problem i am facing is with the convergence. The solution does not converge. I have reduced time-steps too and increased the number of iterations too, even 3000 iterations does not work. Has anyone carried work in similar or same topic, i need help. if anyone has please help me with the detail procedure, i am already frustrated
or can any one give me suggestions why the output is wrong. I have attached the geometry file .parasolid too and the output plots.
if anyone can help please send me a mail at: bhaskar@ku.edu.np
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Jetventuri.jpg (20.3 KB, 65 views)
File Type: png Figure002.png (40.9 KB, 77 views)
File Type: png Figure001.png (40.1 KB, 65 views)
File Type: png Figure003.png (46.2 KB, 61 views)
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File Type: zip Singlenozzleventuri.zip (3.5 KB, 36 views)
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Old   February 19, 2013, 18:00
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Glenn Horrocks
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FAQ: http://www.cfd-online.com/Wiki/Ansys...gence_criteria

In this case it appears you are running this steady state. It almost certainly is not steady state, you will need a transient simulation to model this correctly.
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Old   February 19, 2013, 23:12
Default Jet-ejector convergence
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Thanks ghorrocks and as you said, I have been running it in steady state and i was thinking it must be a transient case. Thanks again!!!
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Old   February 20, 2013, 11:14
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#1
do not model 3D... go to pseudo 3D (2D and extrude along the axe for 1 cell).

#2
where is an atmosphere domain? you have to modify the geometry - it is MUST.

#3
mesh must be HEX not tet.

#4
be careful with boundary condition.

Last edited by imnull; February 20, 2013 at 15:41.
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Old   February 20, 2013, 17:24
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Sorry Dmitry, I disagree with most of your points:
1 - The geometry is not axisymetric so cannot be modelled axisymetric. The inlet is on one side and that will almost certainly make it 3D.
2 - Sounds unlikely to me. The inlet marked as atmosphere does not look as if the current location is a problem. However the outlet boundary is almost certainly too close, it will need to be moved further away.
3 - This can run fine on tet meshes. The most important parameter is good mesh quality. A good tet mesh is better than a poor quality hex mesh.
4 - Of course
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Old   February 20, 2013, 18:03
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ghorrocks View Post
Sorry Dmitry, I disagree with most of your points:
1 - The geometry is not axisymetric so cannot be modelled axisymetric. The inlet is on one side and that will almost certainly make it 3D.
2 - Sounds unlikely to me. The inlet marked as atmosphere does not look as if the current location is a problem. However the outlet boundary is almost certainly too close, it will need to be moved further away.
3 - This can run fine on tet meshes. The most important parameter is good mesh quality. A good tet mesh is better than a poor quality hex mesh.
4 - Of course
I disagree with you as well.
1. depends on what plane are you are interested in.. if you interested to see the plane ZY from pic below everything will work just fine.
2. yes I am about outlet boundary.. it must be an atmosphere domain (better use opening instead of outlet). I assume that the pressure drop in this case is BIG!
3. there is no problem to get HEX by blocking approach if #1 will work for you
4. OK

pls share the boundary condition with..

Untitled111.jpg
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Old   February 20, 2013, 22:29
Default Jet Ejector-convergence
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Thanks both!
Actually I have somewhat poor mesh with around 30000 nodes and 150000 elements, I will try to smooth it.
Outlet is in atmospheric condition, so I probably need to keep it as opening. will do so....
The another thing what I find problematic is the streamline of air and water is ok, but when I plot the contour of velocity of either of them, it is so wrong!!! and contour of both is same!!!
Well probably I am having problems in setting Boundary conditions to... and multiphase is a pain!!
I simulated single phase, and the result was ok!!(3D and 2D) but incase of multiphase it seems like 2 fluids are not connecting with each other.

What I meant to ask is: I have a domain( I have modeled it as single domain) do I need to create two sub-domains for water to air interaction and air to water interaction? This is not the case of mass transfer.
Any ideas?
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Old   February 20, 2013, 22:58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Magma View Post
Thanks both!
Actually I have somewhat poor mesh with around 30000 nodes and 150000 elements, I will try to smooth it.
Outlet is in atmospheric condition, so I probably need to keep it as opening. will do so....
The another thing what I find problematic is the streamline of air and water is ok, but when I plot the contour of velocity of either of them, it is so wrong!!! and contour of both is same!!!
Well probably I am having problems in setting Boundary conditions to... and multiphase is a pain!!
I simulated single phase, and the result was ok!!(3D and 2D) but incase of multiphase it seems like 2 fluids are not connecting with each other.

What I meant to ask is: I have a domain( I have modeled it as single domain) do I need to create two sub-domains for water to air interaction and air to water interaction? This is not the case of mass transfer.
Any ideas?
tell us your boundary condition...
+
what is your mesh statistic?
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Old   February 20, 2013, 23:07
Default Jet ejector- Boundary conditions
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Of course!
I have attached a pic with Boundary conditions. The rest is wall condition. I probably think there is no BC that sets up interaction between fluids.
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Old   February 21, 2013, 11:12
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// Tutorials :: 0 // 1. Introduction to the ANSYS CFX Tutorials

there are number of tutorials avail
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Old   February 21, 2013, 17:27
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Quote:
I probably think there is no BC that sets up interaction between fluids
I do not understand this comment. In a multiphase simulation you define the voluem fraction at each inlet. So for your water inlet it is pure water at 2m/s and the air inlet is pure air at atmospheric pressure, the exit is an opening or outlet at atmospheric pressure. Easy.
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Old   February 21, 2013, 23:48
Default Jet ejector- Boundary conditions
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ghorrocks View Post
I do not understand this comment. In a multiphase simulation you define the voluem fraction at each inlet. So for your water inlet it is pure water at 2m/s and the air inlet is pure air at atmospheric pressure, the exit is an opening or outlet at atmospheric pressure. Easy.
Yes,
I have included volume fraction for inlet conditions, velocity, pressure as they need. The problem is: do I need to set up anything more so that the fluids interact, and this is not interphase mass transfer problem, it's just a suction study.
Well i have streamlines as expected, but the contour of velocity for water and air is same??? what is the problem?
Next thing i wish to ask, for global initiation what would be better: automatic or with value... as in both boundary, each boundary is of single fluid so volume fraction tends to be 1 for each inlet. If i define 0.9 for air( air is all over venturi, and 0.1 for water, it's obvious that the result will be wrong... any suggestions?
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Old   February 22, 2013, 00:08
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sorry i am out of this topic...
or upload your project.
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Old   February 22, 2013, 06:05
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Boundary conditions are exactly what they say - conditions on the boundary of the domain. They set up the external conditions so the physics you are modelling can do whatever it does inside the domain. So you need boundary conditions which accurately represent reality and also physics which is realistic. You need both for your model to be accurate.
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