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May 11, 2013, 07:19 
Porous artery and SST turbulence model

#1 
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Govindaraju
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Dear friends
I am simulating a flow in a artery having 80 % area reduction. The artery wall I considered as a porous medium. I have introduced different flow rate from 50 ml/min to 150 ml/min. When I use 150 ml/min , I am expecting low Reynolds turbulence may occur. Since the intensity of turbulence is very less, I use SST turbulence model. But the maximum pressure I got 600 mm Hg. But this cannot happen. If I use a laminar flow condition I cannot capture the flow instability. When I specify fluid porous interface , I put fluid model as SST turbulence. Please help me How to specify in the porous domain ?In porous domain the velocity of the fluid is very less and it cannot be turbulence through the wall? Please help me Thank you 

May 12, 2013, 10:59 

#2 
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Govindaraju
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Dear friends any help?
Regards 

May 12, 2013, 12:38 

#3 
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Govindaraju
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[QUOTE ]I'm having a problem to set my problem involving a fluid domain and a porous domain (artery model) in the CFX pre.
I would like set a model of the turbulent (SST) for fluid domain and laminar (Darcy) for the porous domain. I have created the two domains (porous and fluid) in the CFX Pre and a interface porous fluid in Domain interface, I configured option in the model Additional Interface Model of mass transfer and momentumtype Conservative Interface Flux, the method used was the GGI Connection. With the domains and the interface created, I'm able to simulate with the same turbulence model in the two domains, but want to know how to separate the models. Getting separates the two models using the Enable Beta Features in Case Options > General Options and disabled Constant Domain Physics. Thus, achieving enable a model the turbulent to fluid domain and laminar to porous domain, the problem is that in CFXsolver error appears before the first interaction "Stopped in routine error. I think that is missing enable a feature, or am I skipping a step, and do not know which, can anyone help me? Thank you Regards[/QUOTE] 

May 12, 2013, 19:28 

#4 
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Glenn Horrocks
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I am no expert in blood modelling, but I would expect the particles and other nonNewtonian bits in blood to make traditional turbulence models quite inaccurate. So if you are not getting accurate results then I am not surprised. There is a whole science of describing the rheology of blood.
With regard to different turbulence models in different domains  you cannot do this. The boundary of the turbulence domain has several undefined variables (all the turbulence variables). Anyway, have you checked that you need to? The SST model often returns results essentially the same as a laminar flow model anyway when the k is almost zero, so you might find running SST everywhere is good enough. You would nee dto check this. 

May 24, 2013, 10:56 

#5 
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Govindaraju
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Dear all
In my model, the turbulence may be expected to happen 2 cm away from the inlet. I use SST fluid model. Kindly give an idea , how to solve this problem. I use medium intensity 5% when I set at the inlet. Please help me to complete my task as soon as possible. Thank you 

May 24, 2013, 19:22 

#6 
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Glenn Horrocks
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Did you read my previous post? It suggests an important reason why you are getting errors.
5% turbulence is reasonably high turbulence. You could consider lowering this. And I think the SST turbulence model is the bets choice until we know otherwise. But as previously stated I would not expect high accuracy from this model. You are not taking into account many of the complex blood rheology so I would expect your results to be miles off. 

May 24, 2013, 22:14 

#7  
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Govindaraju
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Quote:
I set now default intensity and auto compute length scale. Is it necessary to set equation class setting in cfx pre. I would like to say something about you. I really appreciate your valuable guidance.If I get some feedback from you and others I am so confident in my task. Thank you again Govind 

May 25, 2013, 05:05 

#8 
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Glenn Horrocks
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Thanks for the compliment
What do you mean by "equation class setting". 

May 25, 2013, 09:42 

#9 
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Govindaraju
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May 25, 2013, 20:31 

#10 
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Govindaraju
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Dear all , can any one please clarify the following terms
I have chosen SST model and I have selected Turbulence control which is in solver control>advanced options . But the solver return with error. Thank you "Turbulence Control This option allows specification of a different turbulence model to be used from the first iteration through to the transition iteration. The idea is to solve a simpler and more robust turbulence model for the first few iterations. In the order of increasing complexity, the turbulence models are laminar, zero equation, dispersed phase zero equation, k epsilon, and then RNG k epsilon. You should use this option when startup with the desired turbulence model is not possible." 

May 26, 2013, 07:17 

#11 
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Glenn Horrocks
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I never use this turbulence control parameter. I find it always hides a more fundamental problem. So I would return this to default and look for the more fundamental problem.
Can you post your CCL, an image of what you are modelling and a cross section of your mesh? 

June 8, 2013, 05:33 

#12 
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Govindaraju
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Dear all
(Mr Glenn Sorry for the late response due to my personal) please find the attached cross section of artery model. I consider the wall as porous. The blood flow taking place narrow stenosis I would like to capture low Re turbulence I use SST model and I set TURBULENCE: Fractional Intensity = 0.01 Option = Intensity and Auto Compute Length after the simulations I got the error message as shown below . Is this error message important? ++  ERROR #002100004 has occurred in subroutine Out_Scales_Flu.   Message:   The Reynolds number is outside of the range expected based on the   Option selected for the TURBULENCE MODEL. Check this setting,   the values of the properties, mesh scale, consistency of units   and solution values in the input file. Execution will proceed.  ++ Thank you 

June 10, 2013, 22:27 

#13 
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Glenn Horrocks
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This is a warning, not an error. If you are happy the flow is laminar you can ignore it.


June 11, 2013, 00:50 

#14 
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Govindaraju
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