# Heat ransfer coef in natural convection

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 March 27, 2003, 06:01 Heat ransfer coef in natural convection #1 Atit Koonsrisuk Guest   Posts: n/a I am using CFX5.5.1 to simulate the laminar flow over the constant temperature vertical flat plate. Physically the boudary layer must occur along the plate. Then I apply the inflation mesh near the plate surface. The temperature and velocity profile seem reasonable. However the value of heat transfer coefficient is significantly larger than the theoretical value. It say, in CFX manual, that the heat transfer coefficient is computed as h = q / (T_s - T_p) where T_p is the temperature at the internal near-wall boundary element center node. I would like to capture the boundary layer, then the first inflation mesh layer is very thin. Consequently the temperature in the first layer, and few succeeding layers also, are closely the same as the temperature at the wall. So no surprise why the value of heat transfer coef is very large. When I remove the inflation mesh, the value of heat transfer coef is closed to the theoretical value, but the velocity and tempeture profiles are wrong. What should I do to get the right flow profile; and the right heat transfer in the same time? Thank you very much. Atit

 April 4, 2003, 08:15 Re: Heat ransfer coef in natural convection #2 Eve Guest   Posts: n/a To me the h-value is defined as q=h(Ts-Tamb). You get then the h-value by dividing the wall heat flux by the temperature differense between the solid and the ambient temperature. Hope this answers your question! /Eve

 April 4, 2003, 16:59 Re: Heat ransfer coef in natural convection #3 BAK_FLOW Guest   Posts: n/a Hi, yes this is an interesting issue. For all flows with constant properties the heat transfer coef in non-dimensional form is the Nusselt number and is a function only of the Reynolds Number and Prandtl number. This is useful and has resulted in correlations of experimental data. In CFD we directly determine the temperatures and heat fluxes as they are what what we usually want to know. To then convert this back to a heat transfer coeficient is sometimes going the wrong way! We can do it, however but have to be careful that the temperature scales we use are meaningful. For simple flows the logical reference temperature to use is some bulk temperature or temperature at infinity. This can be forced in CFX 5 by setting the expert parameter: tbulk for htc = ??.??[K] for example. This will over-ride the use of the nearest node temperature. Hope this helps, Regards.............BAK_FLOW

 June 17, 2009, 16:07 #4 New Member   Henrique Join Date: May 2009 Posts: 2 Rep Power: 0 Atit, i´m working in a similar problem and i´m also in trouble. But i´ve noticed the velocity profile changes significantly with diferent time scales (auto time scale, physical time scale or local time scale). May i ask you wich time scale are you using? And, for curiosity, what boundary conditions are you using? Are you working with the openning condition? Thanks, Henrique.

 August 19, 2009, 22:09 Convection Heat Transfer #5 New Member   rodrigo Join Date: Aug 2009 Posts: 7 Rep Power: 9 hi someone have or know where I can found the solution manual of book Convection Heat Transfer, third edition of author Adrian Bejan, because I need very much in my pos- graduate , thanks. my e mail is augusto_bassan@yahoo.com.br

 August 20, 2009, 07:19 #6 Super Moderator   Glenn Horrocks Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Sydney, Australia Posts: 12,832 Rep Power: 100 Can't you visit your uni library? If they don't have it they should be able to arrange an inter-library loan from one which does.

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