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TWaung April 15, 2009 19:06

Poor Convergence for Transient Subsonic Diffuser sims with flow separation

I am modeling a diffusing air inlet that sees high subsonic velocities (0.3 - 0.9). The flow separates off the inlet walls under certain flow conditions that I need to model.

So far, none of my high resolution steady state sims has converged, regardless of how I refine or adjust the mesh. I think this is due to the inherently transient nature of the separated regions.

I have therefore switched to transient simulations. However, I am finding that I need to use a very small timestep size (1.0e-7 s) for the simulation to converge. Using a timestep size of 1.0e-7 the courant number ranges between 0.01 - 0.9. I am using the results from a converged Upwind scheme solution as my initial conditions.

As I increase the time step size, the solution does not converge, and at a certain point, the solver fails (usually preceeded by a huge max Mach number warning). The courant number increases greatly as I increase time step size and the solver fails at a time step size of about 1.0e-4.

I believe part of the reason is that the inlet geometry I am using has a relatively sharp lip. For the flow conditions I am modeling, the local velocity around the lip is very high relative to the freestream (but still subsonic). This high velocity combined with the small cell size around the lip contributes to a very high courant number.

I would like to use a larger time step since I don't have a long time to run these simulations. Using the current time step size it will take months to run a sim.

Does anyone have any suggestions that may allow for the use of a larger time step size?

Some details of my simulation are provided below

Domain Settings
Steady state
Using SST turbulence model, Ideal Gas, Total Energy model

Boundary conditions
- subsonic velocity inlet
- opening pressure outlet. Using the entrain setting since I expect there to be regions of separated flow crossing the outflow plane.

Solver Settings
Time step size: 1.0e-7 s
Advection scheme: High Resolution
Transient Scheme: 2nd order backward Euler

Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated!


ghorrocks April 16, 2009 08:25


Some ideas:
1) In a steady state run, use local timestep factor=5.0 or so until convergence looks good and finish off with some physical timescale iterations.
2) Extend the inlet and/or outlet lengths if there is recirculations through the inlet/outlet. This will make convergence much more difficult.
3) Have you tried these ideas:

Glenn Horrocks

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