CFX 12.1: y+ value for SST
Hello
for CFX 11.0 the y+ value has to be set to 1 for SST turbulence model. is there a change for the new version CFX 12.1 or has y+ still to be set to 1? Thanks 
I assume you are talking about meshing, that is generating a mesh with an estimated y+ of 1? There has been no change there.

Antwort
Das SSTModel in ANSYS CFX benutzt automatische Wandfunktionen, d.h. Sie können sowohl HighReynolds Netze mit y+ Werten > 11 rechnen als auch LowRe Netzt mit y+ < 2. Auch im Übergangsbereich arbeitet das Modell konsistent mit den Gleichungen. Diese Implementierung gibt es seit den ersten ANSYS CFX Versionen und hat sich nicht geändert. Die automatische Wandfunktionen gehen mit allen Turbulenzmodellen, die auf der omegaGelichung beruhen:
SST BSL komega 
Confused
Aragorn25, I'm curious about your response since I see the number 11. I do not understand German.
I thought that the value of y+ should be 1, also. I see this is the 12.1 manuals in a couple of places. However, in CFX Tutorials, Release 12.1, November 2009, pp. 109110, there is the statement "At the lower limit, a value of y+ less than or equal to 11 indicates that the first node is within the laminar sublayer of the boundary flow. Values larger than this indicate that an assumed logarithmic shape of the velocity profile is being used to model the boundary layer portion between the wall and the first node.” I am curious abou this value of 11? Thanks very much for any clarification from anyone out there. Have a great day. 
The log layer region and the significance of y+=11 is explained in any turbulence text book, or even most general CFD modelling textbooks. Try "Turbulence Modelling for CFD" by Wilcox, for example.

I do not have access to these books
but thanks for your reference to general resources. Does anyone have an answer to my questions? Thanks in advance for any assistance.

You asked a general turbulence question which is not specific to CFX. I am not going to write a turbulence text book to define where the 11 comes from for you. Your question is answered in any turbulence text book so that is where you should look.

LOL at ghorrocks
I am truly sorry for the inconvenience I have caused you. I appreciate your stating the obvious that I could find the information in books and then following up with antagonism. I do not think I asked you to write a turbulence model or anything for that matter. Good luck though.

y+=11
For those who are interested, 11.06 is the y+ value where the linear velocity profile in the sublayer intersects with the logarithmic velocity profile in the log layer.
For the ke model you should use y+ < 300. If y+ is below about 11 for the ke model then it still works fine, but it doesn't make use of the fine near wall mesh, so it's a waste of mesh. Essentially the ke model always uses the wall function approach. The wall function approach is not valid below y+ ~= 11, so we just ignore the mesh below y+ ~= 11. If you want accurate boundary layer predictions, such as separation prediction, then you should use the SST model with y+ < 2. In this case the SST model will switch to a lowRe formulation near the wall rather than the wall function formulation. SST will still work fine with 11 < y+ < 300, but the results will be fairly similar to the ke model since it will be using wall functions. For 2 < y+ < 11 it will be a blend between wall functions and lowRe formulations. In some situations, such as accurate boundary layer heat transfer predictions or when using the transition model, an even lower y+ of about 1 is recommended with the SST model. 
No problem  it looks like you have found the answer to your question.
Your explanation is not quite correct. Here are some points: There is no real upper limit on the y+ value you can use in the wall function approach. The real upper limit is set by a mesh convergence study  as you coarsen the mesh you will loose boundary layer accuracy and eventually simulation accuracy will suffer. But which y+ value this occurs on will depend on the simulation. ke, when using a wall function approach does not "ignore" mesh with y+<11. What it does is to blindly apply the wall function approach to the first node assuming it is in the log layer, but when y+<11 it is not in the log layer but in or near to the laminar sublayer. This means you will be applying the wrong physical model and your boundary layer profile will be wrong. The wall function approach is accurate providing you are only interested in the log layer and beyond. In general, integrating to the wall will give more accurate separation predictions then the wall function approach, but not universally. If a separation is off a sharp corner then wall functions work fine. When integrating to the wall, yes you will need y+<2. But the exact value of y+ required for accuracy is problem dependant and again you need to do a sensitivity study to find out. Generalisations are dangerous. 
Hi
I have looked at the Ansys Help document in the wall boundary condition, but still could not find anything with 'Y+'. As a new user, I believe its in the help document, but its just that I could not find it. Can anyone point clearly where should I look for? Are there any books/pdf/whatever online of which will help me understand it better? Thanks :) Muhammad 
You are looking for the CFX theory manual. The section on near wall modelling of turbuelnt flows.
Just about any CFD textbook will describe basic turbulence model application and wall functions. If you want a mode detailed/advanced textbook "Turbulence modelling for CFD" by Wilcox is a good textbook. 
Quote:
I was under the impression CFX uses scalable wall functions to overcome the problem of too small of a Y+ for the ke turbulence model. 
Quote:
Cheers 
Hi,
Sorry to bring up such an old post but I have a question the statement  Quote:

If the boundary layer and free stream are separable then it is easier to do them separately. Often they are not, so you have to do it all together.
More advanced mesh convergence studies (see the references in the FAQ) require a mesh refinement parameter to use for optimisation. It is best if that single parameter controls the entire mesh size. But the technique still works as long as the parameter changes the most significant part of the mesh on the output. 
Thank you very much Glenn.
Regards 
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