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Negative power and torque(Axial Turbine analysis)

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Old   December 18, 2011, 13:10
Default Negative power and torque(Axial Turbine analysis)
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Dear all,
I have modeled an axial turbine in CFX. I used the macro calculator to get the torque and power and it gives me negative torque and power! What does it mean?
If a negative torque is just mentioning the direction of rotation so why should I get a negative power(since P=T.Omega)?
Thanks
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Old   December 18, 2011, 17:43
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It means you have not hit the steady state operating condition.

For instance, if you run a turbine at too high a rotational velocity you will get negative net torque - this means the rotor is running too fast and will decelerate. If you run it too slow it will generate positive torque and accelerate. The steady state operating point is where the net torque is zero.
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Old   December 18, 2011, 18:05
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What is the value of total pressure (stationary reference frame) at inlet and outlet? What type of boundary conditions you are applying at inlet and outlet.
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Old   December 19, 2011, 03:00
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Thank you both.
The rotor speed is -1000 rpm, the input BC is a mass flow of 250 kg/s and the output BC is static pressure of 1 atm.
The results are attached.
Attached Images
File Type: png results.png (16.0 KB, 78 views)
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Old   December 19, 2011, 04:51
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1. cant you apply the total pressure at inlet?
2. Why efficiency is more than 100%, it seems that either rotation direction is wrong (working as compressor) or solution is not converged.
3. Did you model the NGV before the rotor, if no how you are specifying the velocity components in axial and tangential dirction along with correct sign. (obviously r component is zero).
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Old   December 19, 2011, 05:10
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did you specify the correct rotation axis in macro calcular panel?
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Old   December 19, 2011, 05:36
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Far View Post
1. cant you apply the total pressure at inlet?
2. Why efficiency is more than 100%, it seems that either rotation direction is wrong (working as compressor) or solution is not converged.
3. Did you model the NGV before the rotor, if no how you are specifying the velocity components in axial and tangential dirction along with correct sign. (obviously r component is zero).
1.Unfortunately not.
2.I know that, the rotation direction is correct but the interesting point is that even changing it will not lead into a positive magnitude.
3.I have specified mass flow rate at inlet in turbo mode.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Far View Post
did you specify the correct rotation axis in macro calcular panel?
Yes
Attached Images
File Type: png BC.png (14.0 KB, 38 views)
File Type: png geometry.png (76.7 KB, 77 views)
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Old   December 19, 2011, 06:48
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Your mesh looks very coarse. Have you read this FAQ: http://www.cfd-online.com/Wiki/Ansys..._inaccurate.3F

Especially the bit about mesh resolution?
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Old   December 20, 2011, 02:10
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@ghorrocks: I decreased the mesh size to 0.003 but no lock... it is still negative.
and the solver manager shows this for every step in the out file.
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| ****** Notice ****** |
| A wall has been placed at portion(s) of an OUTLET |
| boundary condition (at 40.1% of the faces, 43.3% of the area) |
| to prevent fluid from flowing into the domain. |
| The boundary condition name is: R1 Outlet. |
| The fluid name is: Water. |
| If this situation persists, consider switching |
| to an Opening type boundary condition instead. |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
The solver reaches an rms value of 1e-4 at about 50 steps.

Last edited by mak86; December 20, 2011 at 02:30.
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Old   December 20, 2011, 05:00
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1. decrease static pressure at oultet
2. From the Picture of your geomtry, why geomtry converged to single line on hub side, is this a design feature.
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Old   December 20, 2011, 05:10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Far View Post
1. decrease static pressure at oultet
2. From the Picture of your geomtry, why geomtry converged to single line on hub side, is this a design feature.
1.Static pressure is zero.
2. That is where hub ends.
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Old   December 20, 2011, 05:38
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can you please attach the ccl file?
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Old   December 20, 2011, 06:09
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Here it is.
Attached Files
File Type: zip AxialTurbine.zip (3.5 KB, 30 views)
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Old   December 20, 2011, 06:36
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Quote:
I decreased the mesh size to 0.003 but no lock... it is still negative.
Look a bit deeper. Graph the torque versus mesh size. Is it trending in the right direction? Is it all over the place? This can tell you if you are close or not.

You outlet is showing lots of back flow and the suggests your outlet is too close to the blades. You will need to extend your domain further downstream.
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Old   December 20, 2011, 06:40
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And please show some images of the flow field - steamlines would be nice.
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Old   December 20, 2011, 07:49
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I guess you are making some common/basic mistake in setting-up the problem in CFX. Are you clear that the rpm are -1000 or 1000. Could you please show some pics of CFX pre with axis visible.
What about reference pressure, is it also equal to 0?
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Old   December 20, 2011, 10:03
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by default in CFX pre if you give negetive speed(- sign) then rotor rotates anticlockwise.
find the enthalpy drop ,for turbine the enthalpy will reduce it from inlet to outlet.
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Old   December 20, 2011, 10:16
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not necessary, it depends on the geometry and also whether it is turbine or compressor. Just take an example of twin spool turbofan engine.
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Old   December 20, 2011, 15:33
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First of all, thank you all.
Quote:
Originally Posted by ghorrocks View Post
Look a bit deeper. Graph the torque versus mesh size. Is it trending in the right direction? Is it all over the place? This can tell you if you are close or not.

You outlet is showing lots of back flow and the suggests your outlet is too close to the blades. You will need to extend your domain further downstream.
Decreasing the mesh size did not influence the torque.
Extending the domain at downstream increased the backflow area to 90 percent.
Quote:
Originally Posted by ghorrocks View Post
And please show some images of the flow field - steamlines would be nice.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Far View Post
I guess you are making some common/basic mistake in setting-up the problem in CFX. Are you clear that the rpm are -1000 or 1000. Could you please show some pics of CFX pre with axis visible.
What about reference pressure, is it also equal to 0?
Omega equals -1000rpm and as I said even changing it to 1000 did not influence the negative torque.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Pressure.jpg (36.9 KB, 38 views)
File Type: jpg Streamline.jpg (56.3 KB, 43 views)
File Type: jpg VelocityVector.jpg (44.9 KB, 32 views)
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Old   December 20, 2011, 17:08
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Quote:
Decreasing the mesh size did not influence the torque.
Sounds extremely unlikely. What meshes did you check?

Quote:
Extending the domain at downstream increased the backflow area to 90 percent.
Then you need to go further downstream.
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