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Old   October 23, 2013, 20:05
Default UDF for evaporation
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Pranab N Jha
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I am trying to model evaporation from a droplet. So I have to apply my evaporation model at the interface. I have a 2D axisymmetric case set up. But I am not able to get my UDF to work. Could someone take a look and let me know please. Comments are added for convenience.

SUmmary of the code:
-I have used the DEFINE_MASS_TRANSFER macro and defined all variables and initialized them.

-I calculated saturation pressure using a polynomial function of cell temperature.

-Then the mass fraction of each species is used to compute the molar fraction of required species.

-Then I compute the interfacial area density from the volume fraction gradient.

-Then using that, I compute the mass transferred by evaporation.

Thanks for any help!!!

Temporary solver memory has been turned on from the solve-set-expert menu in Fluent.

/************************************************** *********
UDF to apply mass transfer rate from liquid to gas phase at the interface
************************************************** **********/
#include "udf.h"
#include "sg_mphase.h"
#include "materials.h"

#define MW_W 18.0
#define MW_A 29.0
#define R 8.314
#define pi 3.14159
#define a_c 0.04 /*accommodation coefficient*/

DEFINE_MASS_TRANSFER(mass_transfer1, c, mixture_thread, from_phase_index, from_species_index, to_phase_index, to_species_index)
/************ Declare variables *********/
float m_lg, T_cell, P_cell, P_sat;
float NV_VEC(G);
float X_W, Y_W, Y_A;
float cur_ts;
Thread *w_liq, *gas_mix, *w_gas;
face_t f;
Domain *mix_domain, *pdomain;
int i, pdomain_index;
float area[ND_ND], A, ad, theta, cotan, len;

/******** Define variables *********/
mix_domain = Get_Domain(1);
/* pdomain = DOMAIN_SUB_DOMAIN(mixture_domain,1); */ /* For gas domain */
pdomain_index = 0;
pdomain = DOMAIN_SUB_DOMAIN(mix_domain,pdomain_index);

w_liq = THREAD_SUB_THREAD(mixture_thread, from_phase_index);
gas_mix = THREAD_SUB_THREAD(mixture_thread, to_phase_index);
w_gas = THREAD_SUB_THREAD(mixture_thread, to_species_index);

T_cell = C_T(c,mixture_thread); /*cell mixture temperature*/
P_cell = C_P(c,mixture_thread); /*cell mixture pressure*/
m_lg = 0.;
cur_ts = CURRENT_TIMESTEP; /* real time step size (in seconds)*/

/* compute saturation pressure for water vapor using polynomial fit */
P_sat = 0.000001*pow(T_cell,5) - 0.001*pow(T_cell,4) + 0.681*pow(T_cell,3) - 203.9*pow(T_cell,2) + 39482*T_cell + 4000000;

/* calculate molar fraction X_W from mass fraction Y_W */
Y_W = C_YI(c,gas_mix,0); /* index for water vap = 0, air = 1*/
Y_A = C_YI(c,gas_mix,1);
X_W = (Y_W*29)/((29*Y_W) + (18*Y_A));

/**** Compute the interfacial area density ****/
NV_V(G,=,C_VOF_G(c,w_liq)); /* vof gradient vector assignment*/

theta = atan(G[0]/G[1]); /* compute angle of VOF gradient vector, n1/n2 because of how geometry is set up in Fluent */
cotan = cos(theta) / sin(theta); /* compute cotangent of angle*/

A = C_VOLUME(c,mixture_thread)/(2*pi); /* in 2D- axis area computed from volume */

len = sqrt((2*C_VOF(c,w_liq)*A/cotan) + (2*C_VOF(c,w_liq)*A*cotan)); /* compute length of interface in a cell */

ad = len/A; /* calculate interfacial area density*/
/***** Computed the area density ad = length of interface / area of cell ***/

if (C_VOF(c, w_liq) != 0.0 && C_VOF(c, w_liq) != 1.0)
Message("AD = %f, theta = %f\n",ad, theta);

/* Compute m_lg only if P_sat > (Pcell*XW) */
if (P_sat - (P_cell*X_W) > 0.0)
m_lg = cur_ts * ad *(2*a_c/(2-a_c)) * sqrt(MW_W/(2*pi*R)) * ((P_sat - (P_cell*X_W)) / sqrt(T_cell));
{ m_lg = 0.0;}
{ m_lg = 0.0;}

return (m_lg); /* return value of mass transfer rate */

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Old   October 25, 2013, 11:32
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Pranab N Jha
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Just a quick update. The problem has not yet been solved. But if I remove the line
NV_V(G,=,C_VOF_G(c,w_liq)); and related dependents, the code works fine.

Although, I have used the option of keeping the solver temporary memory, C_VOF_G is giving me the issue, which is strange. Still working on it. If someone has any suggestions, please do post.

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Old   December 2, 2013, 09:56
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Dear pranab_jha,

Could you please specify the solution if you find one?
I am facing exactly the same problem with C_VOF_G.
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Old   February 20, 2015, 09:02
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Omar Osama Mohamed
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Hi , I am sorry but did no body of you find a solution for that ?
I checked the sg_mphase.h and i found the line
#define C_VOF_G(c,t) C_STORAGE_R_NV(c,t,SV_VOF_G)
and working with expert mood without freeing my memory i think VOF data should be saved .. Actually it is sent to my udf with zero value all of times despite it has value when i plot it in Fluent Solver .. did anyone find solution for this ?
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evaporation, multiphase, species

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