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 natantyt July 4, 2011 16:48

Fluent UDF urgent! Variable reaction rate

Hi

I've written a UDF in Fluent for a volumetric reaction rate. I want to know how I can make the reaction rate variable along my reactor due to variation in catalyst activity. Any idea?

Example:

r= p* k C^2 ( p is a function of distance into the reactor)

How do you implement this, I'm new to UDf

Thanks

 KristianEtienne July 6, 2011 05:24

Hi,

I guess what you need is a function which gives you the position of the each cell center, which is C_CENTROID(x,c,ct). Here, x is an array which holds the x,y,z coordinates, while c and ct are the cell and thread pointers which are passed from the solver through an appropriate macro.

Assuming you are using a DEFINE_ADJUST macro to update your reaction rate, and that your reaction rate is r=x*k*C^2 (x being the x-coordinate), I would use
------
{
cell_t c;
real x[ND_ND];
real k, C,r,pos;
k=0.25; /* just an example*/
C=0.1; /* just an example*/
r=0.0; /* initialization to be sure*/
pos=0.0; /* initialization to be sure*/
{
begin_c_loop(c,ct) /*Loop over all cells in the thread*/
{
C_CENTROID(x,c,ct); /*Find position of cell and store in x*/
pos = x[0]; /*Store the x-coordinate as pos. y-coordinate is x[1],
z-coordinate is x[2]*/
r=pos*k*C*C; /*Store reaction rate in local variable r*/
C_UDMI(c,ct,0) = r; /*Store reaction rate in user defined memory position 0 so that other functions can access it*/
}end_c_loop(c,ct)
}
}
-----
You will need one UDM to store the reaction rate if you do it in this way. Remember to hook the DEFINE_ADJUST function before running your simulations.

For a more complete example, see section 2.3.22.3 in the UDF-guide.

Good luck!

-KE

 natantyt July 6, 2011 16:36

Thanks A lot for the comment
The problem is my reaction is defined through a volumetric reaction rate DEFINE_VR_RATE , the reaction needs the temperature and mass fraction of each node (300000 nodes) at each iteration. Apparently inside the ADJUST udf we don't ahve access to node values. I get error. Below is my original UDf for VR_Rate, if you like take a look at it.

#include"udf.h"
DEFINE_VR_RATE(proprate,c,t,r,mw,yi,rr,rr_t)
{

/*mass fraction of species i */

real y_c3h8=yi[3];
real y_h2o=yi[4];
real y_h2=yi[0];
real y_co=yi[1];
real y_co2=yi[2];
real y_n2=yi[5];
real Nsum, R, Keq1, T_w, r1,r2;
/*calculate species i in the unit of kgmol i/kg mix*/
y_c3h8 *= 1/mw[3];
y_h2o *= 1/mw[4];
y_h2 *= 1/mw[0];
y_co *= 1/mw[1];
y_co2 *= 1/mw[2];
y_n2 *= 1/mw[5];
Nsum = y_c3h8+ y_h2o + y_h2 + y_co + y_co2 + y_n2;
y_c3h8 *= 1/Nsum;
y_h2o *= 1/Nsum;
y_h2 *= 1/Nsum;
y_co *= 1/Nsum;
y_co2 *= 1/Nsum;
y_n2 *= 1/Nsum;
R=8.314;
T_w=C_T(c,t);
Keq1=pow(10,(2073/T_w)-2.029);

if(STREQ(r->name, "reaction-1")){
/*unit for rr, kg/m3s*/
r1= 44*3e8*exp(-105000/(R*T_w))*(y_c3h8*y_h2o)/(1+105*exp(3000/(R*T_w))*pow(y_c3h8,2));
*rr = r1;
}
elseif (STREQ(r->name, "reaction-2")){
r2= 28*3.4e9*exp(-130000/(R*T_w))*(y_co*y_h2o-(y_h2*y_co2)/Keq1) ;
*rr = r2;
}
}

 KristianEtienne July 7, 2011 03:59

Hello again,

If I understand your original post correctly, your problem is that you want to include a position dependency in your DEFINE_VR_RATE?

This can be done by the following modification (I have made my changes in bold text for clarity):
#include"udf.h"
DEFINE_VR_RATE(proprate,c,t,r,mw,yi,rr,rr_t)
{

/*mass fraction of species i */
real Nsum, R, Keq1, T_w, r1,r2,x[ND_ND],xpos,ypos,zpos;
real y_c3h8=yi[3];
real y_h2o=yi[4];
real y_h2=yi[0];
real y_co=yi[1];
real y_co2=yi[2];
real y_n2=yi[5];

/* Find and store coordinates for each cell*/
C_CENTROID(x,c,t); /* store position in array x*/
xpos = x[0];

ypos = x[1];
zpos = 0.0;
#if RP_3D
zpos = x[2];
#endif
/* The above #if statement ensures that you only can access the z-position (x[2]) if you are doing a 3D-simulation */

/* The coordinates of each cell are now stored in xpos,ypos and zpos (if 3D) for future use*/
/*calculate species i in the unit of kgmol i/kg mix*/
y_c3h8 *= 1/mw[3];
y_h2o *= 1/mw[4];
y_h2 *= 1/mw[0];
y_co *= 1/mw[1];
y_co2 *= 1/mw[2];
y_n2 *= 1/mw[5];
Nsum = y_c3h8+ y_h2o + y_h2 + y_co + y_co2 + y_n2;
y_c3h8 *= 1/Nsum;
y_h2o *= 1/Nsum;
y_h2 *= 1/Nsum;
y_co *= 1/Nsum;
y_co2 *= 1/Nsum;
y_n2 *= 1/Nsum;
R=8.314;
T_w=C_T(c,t);
Keq1=pow(10,(2073/T_w)-2.029);

if(STREQ(r->name, "reaction-1")){
/*unit for rr, kg/m3s*/
r1= 44*3e8*exp(-105000/(R*T_w))*(y_c3h8*y_h2o)/(1+105*exp(3000/(R*T_w))*pow(y_c3h8,2));
*rr = r1;
}
elseif (STREQ(r->name, "reaction-2")){
r2= 28*3.4e9*exp(-130000/(R*T_w))*(y_co*y_h2o-(y_h2*y_co2)/Keq1) ;
*rr = r2;
}
}

Another point; note that the values you are using are *not* node values but *cell* values, as it is the cell pointer "c" which is passed from the macro DEFINE_VR_RATE.

Happy simulating!

-KE

 tabirense March 14, 2016 16:53

Calcination Reaction

Hello all, first of all i would like to introduce myself as new on this field... I've read your posts and i have some doubts... How do you access the molecular weight of each component?? Have you defined it previously?? Because i coudn't realise where are these values on your program line...
Another doubt is about making an User Defined Function for this reaction:

caco3=cao+co2

I'm simulating a rotary kiln used for calcination... I need to compilate this reactions in the Fluent but i have no idea about how to do this... Can anyone help me??

 Boniface Omar July 25, 2016 08:17

Hello

Can someone please help me write a FLUENT UDF the reaction below which is defined by reaction rate equation of (R) below

CO+3H2=>CH4+H2O

R=k exp (E/RT)*(Pco^m*Ph2^n)

Where:
R is the volumetric reaction rate
k is Rate constant
E is Activation energy for reaction
R is Universal gas constant
T is Temperature
Pco is Partial pressure of carbon monoxide
Ph2 is Partial pressure of hydrogen
m is Power for CO partial pressure
n is Power for H2 partial pressure

UDF for volumetric reaction rate-unnamed.png

Thank you.:)

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