Adding damping to UDF
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Hello,
Below is my UDF for a cylinder undergoing VIV with 2DOF  #include "udf.h" static real v_prev = 0.0; static real v_prev2 = 0.0; DEFINE_CG_MOTION(osc,dt,vel,omega,time,dtime) { Thread *t; Domain *d = Get_Domain(1); real x_cg[3], force[3], moment[3]; real accl, dv, accl2, dv2; real mass = 181.823; real wn = 1; real k= mass * wn*wn; real c = 2*mass*wn*0.00; real c2 = 4*mass*wn*0.00; int i; NV_S(vel, =, 0.0); NV_S(omega, =, 0.0); t = DT_THREAD(dt); for(i=0;i<3;i++) x_cg[i]=DT_CG(dt)[i]; Compute_Force_And_Moment(d, t, x_cg, force, moment, TRUE); force[1] += k*x_cg[1]  c*vel[1]  c2*vel[1]; force[0] += k*x_cg[0]  c*vel[0]  c2*vel[0]; accl = force[1]/mass; dv = accl*dtime; v_prev+=dv; vel[1] = v_prev; printf("Computed force: %g \n", force[1]); printf("Velocity: %g\n", vel[1]); accl2 = force[0]/mass; dv2 = accl2*dtime; v_prev2+=dv2; vel[0] = v_prev2; printf("Computed force: %g \n", force[0]); printf("Velocity: %g\n", vel[0]); } DEFINE_CG_MOTION(osc_inert,dt,vel,omega,time,dtime ) { vel[0] = 0.0; vel[1] = v_prev; } END So far this UDF is producing some reasonable results for me, however I want to include structural and fluid damping. Please refer to the two attached images. Currently the cylinder is oscillating under the governing equations in image 1. Is it possible to write a UDF to allow the cylinders to freely oscillate, using the equations in image 2 (in the dimensionless state). By allowing the cylinders to oscillate under these equations this will introduce structural damping, am I right? Also how would I include fluid damping? Many thanks in advance. Peter 
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Have a nice day. 
hi , have u soved the above udf and validated the results with some journal ???

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