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-   -   Cylinder, mean value of Cd (http://www.cfd-online.com/Forums/fluent/109357-cylinder-mean-value-cd.html)

 guido_88 November 15, 2012 13:02

Cylinder, mean value of Cd

Hi, i'm simulating a flow past a cylinder but I've some problems.
I've used all turbulence models that Fluent offers but I'm not able to obtain a reverse flow over the cylinder before 90°. Moreover if i perform an unsteady simulation, what's the easiest way to obtain the mean value of Cd?

 LuckyTran November 16, 2012 20:38

To get mean values, just activate the option "Data sampling for time statistics". Fluent will keep a running average of all variables from that time-step onwards (average x,y,z velocity, pressure, temperature, etc.). Once you've run enough time-steps to get your average you can calculate the average Cd.

Just remember that it is a running average. If you mess up or change any settings you will need to clear the stored statistics and then continue the transient simulation.

 guido_88 November 17, 2012 04:32

Hi, i've activated the data sampling for time statistics but...what I've to do to obtain the mean values? If i go on Report- Forces, Fluent gives me the Cd value of the last time step not the mean value. So what I've to do to obtain that? Thanks for the answer

 guido_88 November 19, 2012 05:05

Another problem is that the pressure coefficient I have is over than 1. How is this possible?

 Jorg November 19, 2012 11:54

Hi

Another way to obtain the mean Cd is to create a drag monitor, in the same place where you create and edit your residuals. When creating the drag monitor you must enable fluent to write a file with the calculated Cd for each iteration; then you extract the .txt file with the values of Cd versus flow time and plot them using excel, you can identify where your values reach the desired behavior and simply use the AVERAGE function of excel.

There might be easier ways to do this inside fluent, but this works fine for me; so i hope this info is useful to you.

 guido_88 November 21, 2012 09:54

I have a doubt. I found this: http://www.wiley.com/college/munson/...s/cylinder.pdf

In the paper a flow with Reynolds over 1000 is considered turbulent (?). Moreover they obtain a pressure coefficient over than 1 (about 1.2). Someone can explain me why?

 ramp November 22, 2012 09:13

To obtain the mean value of the drag coefficient (CD), you have to write the time-history of drag in file by choosing the option in monitor panel. This data can be used to obtain the mean values as well as to show the variation of drag with time...

The value of pressure coefficient may be greater than 1 because it is nothing but the ratio of static to dynamic pressure. Its basically the dimensionless static pressure (scaled with dynamic pressure) rather than the normalized pressure. The normalized pressure should not go above 1 but dimensionless pressure may be.

I think the critical ranges of the Reynolds number (given in the paper linked above) are not correct as per standard definition of Re. You may look out the detailed categorization in the Book "Flow Around Circular Cylinders" by M.M. Zdrakovich or in the articles by C.H.K. Williamson, etc....

I hope it clears some of your confusions....

 guido_88 November 26, 2012 05:17

Perfect, I've found the files of the cd history, thanks!

About Cp...what I've to do to obtain a right maximum Cp? If i reduce the operating pressure I obtain a lower Cp? I don't know if it's physically correct, I don't think so. So what to do?