CFD Online Logo CFD Online URL
www.cfd-online.com
[Sponsors]
Home > Forums > FLUENT

Hydrogen storage by metal hydride

Register Blogs Members List Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Old   February 9, 2014, 12:55
Default Hydrogen storage by metal hydride
  #1
New Member
 
Long Nguyen
Join Date: Sep 2013
Posts: 11
Rep Power: 4
longbk is on a distinguished road
Dear all,

I have been conducting the project related to modeling the hydrogen storage based on metal hydride. In my case, hydrogen is injected into the reactor, then hydrogen will react with metal (porous material) to form metal hydride. The amount of absorbed hydrogen is represented by "sink term" which is covered in my UDF.
Here is my UDF code:

#include"udf.h"

/* Input Boundary Conditions */
#define T_i 293.0 /* Inlet temp in K */
#define T_f 293.0 /* Coolant fluid temp in Kelvin [K] */
#define P_i 500000.0 /* Inlet pressure in pascals */
#define x_i 0.0 /* Initial value of H/M for reaction to START */
#define x_f 1.0 /* Final value of H/M for reaction to STOP @ saturation */

/* Properties of Metal Alloy [LaNi5] */
#define rho_m 8394.0 /* Density in kg/m^3 */
#define Cp_m 419.0 /* Sp heat in J/kg-K */
#define K_m 1.6 /* Thermal conductivity in W/m-K */
#define por 0.5 /* Porosity */
#define NA 6.0 /* Number of atoms in Mischmetal alloy [MmNi4.6Al0.4] */
#define M_m 434.0 /* molecular weight of mischmetal alloy [MmNi4.6Al0.4] in g/mol; [LaNi5 = 434] */
#define rho_ss 8394.0 /* Density of MH @ saturation kg/m^3 */
#define rho_s 8280.0 /* Density of MH kg/m^3 */
#define E_a 21179.6 /* Activation energy in J/mol H2 */
#define per 1.0e-8 /* Permeability */
#define DELTA_S 107.2 /* Entropy of Formation J/mol H2-K */
#define DELTA_H 30780.0 /* Enthalpy of Formation J/mol H2 */
#define wt 0.013 /* Hydrogen weight Storage Capacity 1.3% of Mischmetal */
#define A_vantHoff 17.738
#define B_vantHoff 3704.6

/* Properties of Hydrogen */
#define K_g 0.127 /* Thermal Conductivity in W/m-K */
#define Cp_g 14283 /* Sp heat in J/kg-K */
#define rho_g 0.0838 /* Density in kg/m^3 */
#define M_g 2.016 /* Molecular weight in g/mol */

/* CONSTANTS */
#define R_u 8.314 /* Universal gas Constant J/mol-K */
#define k_a 59.187 /* Reaction Constant for absorption in (sec)^-1 */

real x_t_temporary;
real rate_temporary;
real heat_rate_temporary;
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
DEFINE_INIT(my_init_fuc,d)
{
cell_t c;
Thread *t;
thread_loop_c(t,d)
{
begin_c_loop_all(c,t)
{
C_UDMI(c,t,0) = x_i;
C_UDMI(c,t,1) = 0.0;
C_UDMI(c,t,2) = 0.0;
}
end_c_loop_all(c,t)
}
}

DEFINE_SOURCE(mass_source_edited1,c,t,dS,eqn)
{
real tp;
real rate;
real P_eq;
real cond;
int curr_N_timestep;
real curr_timestep_size;
real curr_rho;
real x_t;
real dxdt;
real P_g = C_P(c,t);
real vol = C_VOLUME(c,t);
tp = C_T(c,t);
P_eq = pow(10,5)*exp((DELTA_S/R_u)-(DELTA_H/(R_u*tp)));
cond = P_g/P_eq;
curr_N_timestep = N_TIME; //Number of timestep
curr_timestep_size = CURRENT_TIMESTEP; //current timestep size

if(cond > 1.0)
{
x_t = 1.0 - exp((-1)*(rho_ss-rho_s)*(1-por)*k_a*exp(-E_a/(R_u*tp))*((P_g/P_eq)-1)*CURRENT_TIME);
dxdt = (x_t - C_UDMI(c,t,0))/curr_timestep_size;
if(CURRENT_TIME > 0)
{
rate = dxdt*(rho_ss-rho_s)*(1-por);
}
dS[eqn] = 0.0;
}
else
{
rate = 0.0;
dS[eqn] = 0.0;
}

x_t_temporary = x_t;

rate_temporary = rate;

return rate;
}

DEFINE_SOURCE(heat_source_edited1,c,t,dS,eqn)
{
real heat_rate;
real tp;
real rate;
real P_eq;
real cond;
int curr_N_timestep;
real curr_timestep_size;
real x_t;
real dxdt;
real P_g = C_P(c,t);
real vol = C_VOLUME(c,t);
tp = C_T(c,t);

P_eq = pow(10,5)*exp((DELTA_S/R_u)-(DELTA_H/(R_u*tp)));
cond = P_g/P_eq;
curr_N_timestep = N_TIME;
curr_timestep_size = CURRENT_TIMESTEP;

if(cond > 1.0)
{
x_t = 1.0 - exp((-1)*(rho_ss-rho_s)*(1-por)*k_a*exp(-E_a/(R_u*tp))*((P_g/P_eq)-1)*CURRENT_TIME);
dxdt = (x_t - C_UDMI(c,t,0))/curr_timestep_size;
if(CURRENT_TIME > 0)
{
rate = dxdt*(rho_ss-rho_s)*(1-por);
heat_rate = (1000.0*DELTA_H/M_g)*(rate);
}

dS[eqn] = 0.0;

}
else
{
heat_rate = 0.0;
dS[eqn] = 0.0;
}

heat_rate_temporary = heat_rate;
return heat_rate;
}

DEFINE_EXECUTE_AT_END(ThisRunsAtEndOfTimestep)
{

Domain *d;
Thread *t;
cell_t c;
d = Get_Domain(1);

thread_loop_c(t,d)
{
if(FLUID_THREAD_P(t))
{
begin_c_loop(c,t)
{
C_UDMI(c,t,0) = x_t_temporary;
C_UDMI(c,t,1) = rate_temporary;
C_UDMI(c,t,2) = heat_rate_temporary;
}
end_c_loop(c,t)

}
}
}

I tried to run this UDF many times but it seems not working... Anyone could help me?

Regards,
longbk is offline   Reply With Quote

Old   February 9, 2014, 21:06
Default
  #2
New Member
 
Long Nguyen
Join Date: Sep 2013
Posts: 11
Rep Power: 4
longbk is on a distinguished road
Somebody help me !!
longbk is offline   Reply With Quote

Old   October 23, 2015, 02:02
Default udf for hydrogen storage based metal hydride
  #3
New Member
 
krushna shekde
Join Date: Oct 2015
Posts: 9
Rep Power: 2
krushna is on a distinguished road
Dear longbk,
I am new user of CFD online. I am working on hydrogen storage based on metal hydride for my M.Tech. Dissertation, help me in that. in your UDF you model heat_genration and hydrogen_concentration w.r.t time on porous model.
my question is in fluent you model the porous zone ?why?
thanking you.
Regards,
krushna is offline   Reply With Quote

Old   October 23, 2015, 03:25
Default
  #4
New Member
 
Long Nguyen
Join Date: Sep 2013
Posts: 11
Rep Power: 4
longbk is on a distinguished road
Quote:
Originally Posted by krushna View Post
Dear longbk,
I am new user of CFD online. I am working on hydrogen storage based on metal hydride for my M.Tech. Dissertation, help me in that. in your UDF you model heat_genration and hydrogen_concentration w.r.t time on porous model.
my question is in fluent you model the porous zone ?why?
thanking you.
Regards,
Dear krushna,
Actually, I finished this project at the end of 2014.
For your inquiry, the material used for hydrogen absorption in my model is LaNi5 - such a porous powder. When hydrogen is injected into the reactor filled with LaNi5 powder, the absorption occurs. In details, this process includes many steps, but we supposed that the chemical reaction step is dominant.
I hope my answer could meet your desire. If you want to ask more, you can contact me through my facebook: https://www.facebook.com/long.nguyen.182940

Rgds,
Long Nguyen
longbk is offline   Reply With Quote

Old   October 23, 2015, 04:32
Default
  #5
New Member
 
krushna shekde
Join Date: Oct 2015
Posts: 9
Rep Power: 2
krushna is on a distinguished road
Dear Long,
thank you for reply.
i am working on miscmetal MmNi4.6Al0.4 using ANSYS Fluent so i modeled coolant zone(Fluid) and porous zone(Fluid) only and UDF apply on porous zone. is that right process.
can i model porous zone as solid?
regards,
krushna is offline   Reply With Quote

Old   October 23, 2015, 11:14
Default
  #6
New Member
 
Long Nguyen
Join Date: Sep 2013
Posts: 11
Rep Power: 4
longbk is on a distinguished road
Quote:
Originally Posted by krushna View Post
Dear Long,
thank you for reply.
i am working on miscmetal MmNi4.6Al0.4 using ANSYS Fluent so i modeled coolant zone(Fluid) and porous zone(Fluid) only and UDF apply on porous zone. is that right process.
can i model porous zone as solid?
regards,
Hi krushna,
Yes, that's right. As I know, Solid zone does not have any porous option. If you set the cell zone condition as a solid zone, it means that there is only solid in your cell zone (porosity equals zero).
You should take a look at this link
http://imechanica.org/files/fluent_1...conditions.pdf

Rgds,
Long Nguyen
longbk is offline   Reply With Quote

Old   October 26, 2015, 02:38
Default
  #7
New Member
 
krushna shekde
Join Date: Oct 2015
Posts: 9
Rep Power: 2
krushna is on a distinguished road
Dear Long Nguyen,
Thanks for your reply, now i am set my problem in fluent but i don't know how to calculate Time Step and No. of Iteration my absorption time is 375s please help me for this also send me calculation methods.

regards,
Krushna
krushna is offline   Reply With Quote

Reply

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Hydrogen Storage in Porous Media er.mkumar FLUENT 1 August 17, 2013 08:30
UDF for Hydrogen Storage in Porous Media er.mkumar Fluent UDF and Scheme Programming 10 January 31, 2013 17:21
Need Help Simulating Hydrogen Storage in Metal Hydride jehadyam CFD Freelancers 0 January 29, 2013 17:41
Liquid Metal Combustion in an enclosed geometry snh FLUENT 0 September 11, 2012 02:50
Hydrogen storage on Fluent karl fisher FLUENT 0 September 3, 2010 04:23


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 11:43.