# static vs. total pressure

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 March 22, 2006, 17:17 static vs. total pressure #1 auf dem feld Guest   Posts: n/a I've some questionable results delivered by fluent. I plotted the contours of static pressure on a wall. Then I looked at the total pressure on the same wall expecting the exactly same results since all the velocities are zero at the wall (no slip)and therefore dynamic pressure should be zero BUT there is a non negligible difference between static and total pressure. what's wrong here?

 March 22, 2006, 19:27 Re: static vs. total pressure #2 Ahmed Guest   Posts: n/a What Fluent and CFD codes call Static pressure is actually a vulgar way to refer to the Thermodynamic pressure calculated from the Navier Stokes equations. As you understand it, Static pressure, has nothing to do with fluid dynamics. You have to dive into their manuals and make some corrections, perhaps you can add your voice to mine and ask CFD vendors to use correct scientific terminology not just the industry chat.

 March 23, 2006, 02:28 Re: static vs. total pressure #3 mAx Guest   Posts: n/a total pressure = operating pressure + static pressure + dynamic pressure so in your case, on your walls, the total pressure should be = operating pressure + static pressure

 March 23, 2006, 02:37 Re: static vs. total pressure #4 Philipp Guest   Posts: n/a Hi, without knowing anything about your geometry and in particular about your 'wall', I tend to say that you could, should (?, that really depends on the flow field) see a difference between static and total pressure. I guess that you noticed that Fluent defines the 'total pressure' as the sum of 'static pressure' and 'dynamic pressure'. You pointed out that the velocity is '0' at the wall (no slip condition + nothing can go 'through' the wall): well, I would say that this is "irrelevant" for the dynamic pressure. Much more important is the velocity component normal and 'slightly' away from the wall--if you picture this, the wall defines a 'stagnation point' (since nothing can get 'through' the wall)... take the "Pitot-Tube" as an example. Hope this helps a bit"

 March 23, 2006, 02:41 Re: static vs. total pressure #5 Philipp Guest   Posts: n/a ...and I have to "row" immediately back! Indeed, the pressure at the wall can only be the static pressure (plus eventually the operating pressure). ...what was I thinking....?

 March 23, 2006, 02:50 Re: static vs. total pressure #6 Philipp Guest   Posts: n/a Hello mAx, In my understanding, Fluent defines the 'total pressure' as a 'gauge pressure' with respect to the 'operating pressure'. Hence, 'total pressure' = 'static pressure' + 'dynamic pressure'. Same for the 'static pressure', which is a 'gauge pressure'. Only the 'absolute pressure' takes also the 'operating pressure' into account (e.g. 6.2. manuals, chapter 7.3.1). Mohsin, mortezamonfaredi, villager and 4 others like this.

 March 23, 2006, 02:58 Re: static vs. total pressure #7 mAx Guest   Posts: n/a hi Philip, yes you're right total pressure = static + dynamic pressure absolute pressure = static + operating pressure but as I set always operating pressure at 0.....

 March 23, 2006, 03:09 Re: static vs. total pressure #8 Philipp Beierer Guest   Posts: n/a ...(with operating pressure = 0) you get: absolute pressure = static pressure and total pressure = static pressure + dynamic pressure. Anyway, at the wall of 'auf dem feld' (btw, interesting name ;-)) should be: static pressure = total pressure as the velocity is 0... and we're right back where we started! Cheers

 March 23, 2006, 03:27 Re: static vs. total pressure #9 mAx Guest   Posts: n/a I'm totally (or absolutely ;OP ) agree with you Philipp Twinsen likes this.

 March 23, 2006, 03:44 Re: static vs. total pressure #10 zhoulin Guest   Posts: n/a your total pressure = static pressure (which is static gauge pressure) + operating pressure. please check Zhoulin

 March 23, 2006, 09:45 Re: static vs. total pressure #11 auf dem feld Guest   Posts: n/a as an update, I use operating pressure = 0 (for reasons that are defenetely discussed in other threads) could anybody check one of his cases and plot static and total pressure on an arbitrary wall (vane, strut, pipe... whatever)? thanks

 March 23, 2006, 11:14 Re: static vs. total pressure #12 Temel Guest   Posts: n/a Hi. I also have a problem with total pressure. With any simple geometry such as nozzle, when I solved the problem I saw that in the exit plane total pressure is greater than inlet plane total pressure. there is no device to generate anything. Is that possible to be ? exit total pressure is greater than inlet total pressure? Boundary conditions inlet mass flow 69 kg/sn, flow direction normal to boundary , total temperature 300 K, outlet pressure 0 (gage) , operating conditions 101325 pa. Flow compressible, material is air , density is ideal gas. Help me???????

 June 17, 2011, 09:36 #13 New Member   Join Date: Sep 2009 Posts: 2 Rep Power: 0 I imagine it's to do the calculation with Hybrid and conservative values for the static and total pressure, although I can't be sure

 March 20, 2014, 11:37 Simplification #14 New Member   Felipe L. Join Date: May 2013 Posts: 2 Rep Power: 0 All, FLUENT regards pressure as such: We are used to relating static pressure and gage static pressure back to atmospheric conditions. FLUENT allows us to change that mindset and relate gage static pressure to ANY user selected quantity. This selected quantity is the operating pressure. In other words, your gage is referenced from FLUENT's operating pressure setting. Similar to the figure attached here; however, instead of P_atm think Operating Pressure or P_op. FLUENT's Terminology on left side of equal sign not to be confused with scientifically accurate terminology! static pressure = Static Pressure [abs zero ref] - Operating Pressure Absolute Pressure = Static Pressure [abs zero ref] dynamic pressure = dynamic pressure (no change) total pressure = static pressure + dynamic pressure Note: total pressure in FLUENT is based on a difference of the operating pressure. Any time FLUENT says static pressure, they are referring to gage static pressure. If you set OP = 0 then, obviously you are now at abs zero reference! If we want true total/stagnation pressure then we need to reference from absolute zero or vacuum conditions. Lets call this absolute total pressure (thanks to FLUENT's terrible terminology selection) absolute total pressure = OP + static Pressure + dynamic pressure OR absolute total pressure = absolute pressure + dynamic pressure OR absolute total pressure = OP + total pressure This formula IS NOT an option in FLUENT. You must select FLUENT's total pressure and then add OP yourself as a custom defined function. Why hasn't FLUENT done this already. No clue. Obviously, if OP is set to zero, then this is not needed and total pressure is the same as our hydrodynamics books! FLUENT should name their variables as such: static pressure --> static gage(OP) pressure dynamic pressure --> dynamic pressure (YAY they got one) absolute pressure --> absolute static pressure (technically abs pressure is fine) total pressure --> total gage(OP) pressure robert86, hooman.4028, FJSJ and 4 others like this.

 February 3, 2015, 06:08 #15 New Member   Gilberto Santo Join Date: Apr 2012 Location: Gent (Belgium) Posts: 18 Rep Power: 6 If the node values are enabled, then you are considering also the velue of the total pressure in the neighbour cells, thus also the cells which are not set as "wall". If you switch off the node values, you'll get indeed that the static pressure is equal to the total one. SJSW likes this.

 February 26, 2016, 11:32 problem with defining pressure in fluent #16 New Member   hadi Join Date: Jun 2015 Posts: 11 Rep Power: 3 Hello every body : I am simulating a flow in a channel, from experimental result I have 0.3 Mpa gauge in inlet, the question is , is it true to use this pressure ( I mean 0.3 Mpa ) as my SUPERSONIC/INLET GAUGE PRESSURE ? I am confused by the discussions here? should I change the operating condition pressure ? your help would be appreciated

February 26, 2016, 13:32
Response - @hadial
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Felipe L.
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by hadial Hello every body : I am simulating a flow in a channel, from experimental result I have 0.3 Mpa gauge in inlet, the question is , is it true to use this pressure ( I mean 0.3 Mpa ) as my SUPERSONIC/INLET GAUGE PRESSURE ? I am confused by the discussions here? should I change the operating condition pressure ? your help would be appreciated
@hadial,

I believe the root of your confusion is in the terminology I mentioned above. FLUENT uses "gage related" terminology and base it off of operating pressure. Engineers, use static/absolute terminology. Either way, both work.

We need more information to help, but here is a quick stab at it:
Assuming that your gage pressure as measured by some instrument is 0.3MPa, as you stated then I'll also assume that the device is measuring relative to atmospheric pressure (you need to confirm this). I am also assuming that you are using a Pressure Inlet condition and you will account for velocity effects at some other BC (e.g. massflow exit).

Then, your absolute pressure (Pabs = Pref + gage) will be
Pref = Patm = 0.101325 MPa
Pgage = 0.3MPa

Keep in mind that given a gage pressure, you are neglecting velocity effects in your channel (if you aren't sure, look at the measurement device you used and think about how it works).

Now you have 2 Options that will yield same results, but be careful when exporting and interpreting the solution!:

OPTION 1.
Set operating pressure = 0 MPa
Set Gauge Total Pressure = P_absolute = 0.101325 + 0.3 MPa
- You will notice when you export your results that static and total pressures will be referenced from absolute zero pressure (vacuum), which is what you set the operating pressure to.

OPTION 2.
Set operating pressure = 0.101325 MPa
Set Gauge Total Pressure = 0.3 MPa
- You will notice when you export your results that static and total pressures will be referenced from operating pressure (user defined). Refer to my previous post above.
Hope that helps.

February 26, 2016, 14:04
#18
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hadi
Join Date: Jun 2015
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by flachowski @hadial, I believe the root of your confusion is in the terminology I mentioned above. FLUENT uses "gage related" terminology and base it off of operating pressure. Engineers, use static/absolute terminology. Either way, both work. We need more information to help, but here is a quick stab at it: Assuming that your gage pressure as measured by some instrument is 0.3MPa, as you stated then I'll also assume that the device is measuring relative to atmospheric pressure (you need to confirm this). I am also assuming that you are using a Pressure Inlet condition and you will account for velocity effects at some other BC (e.g. massflow exit). Then, your absolute pressure (Pabs = Pref + gage) will be Pref = Patm = 0.101325 MPa Pgage = 0.3MPa Keep in mind that given a gage pressure, you are neglecting velocity effects in your channel (if you aren't sure, look at the measurement device you used and think about how it works). Now you have 2 Options that will yield same results, but be careful when exporting and interpreting the solution!: OPTION 1. Set operating pressure = 0 MPa Set Gauge Total Pressure = P_absolute = 0.101325 + 0.3 MPa - You will notice when you export your results that static and total pressures will be referenced from absolute zero pressure (vacuum), which is what you set the operating pressure to. OPTION 2. Set operating pressure = 0.101325 MPa Set Gauge Total Pressure = 0.3 MPa - You will notice when you export your results that static and total pressures will be referenced from operating pressure (user defined). Refer to my previous post above. Hope that helps.
dear flachowski , thanks for your prompt answer:

1) the answer is yes, my pressure is measured by an instrument. and it is mentioned that the device is measuring relative to atmospheric pressure .( it is mentioned that it is a gauge pressure, btw I am not sure if they are the same thing)

2)I am using a mass flow inlet, and a pressure outlet BC. My fluid is a super heated steam and I am going to evaluate heat transfer along this channel, so the inlet pressure make a real difference in fluid properties
when I run my calculations the z velocity start to deconverge( I mean increases), I checked my mesh it is fine enough, so the problem should be somewhere in My BC.

I have no information for the outlet flow, so I do not make any changes in pressure outlet BC . can it make any problems ??

your kind help is appreciated
I will apply your suggestions to see how it helps

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