Purpose of relaxation factors
hello
I think that if we would reduce the under relaxation factors then the result will take a lot of time to converge and if we dont change the under relaxation factors then the result will take short time to converge and it doesn't have any affect on the final solution. So reducing under relaxation factors just only reduces the time if we disregard time thing what other benefit we can get from under relaxation factors. Please comment. Thanks Mohsin 
Hello,
reducing underrelaxation factors can help a lot to achieve convergence in some cases, damping oscillations which may lead to divergence. Indeed, their use is almost always compulsory and you won't get your case converged if you don't set appropriate values. 
Can u tell me how to get the optimum relaxation factors or using the default would be good option rather than reducing or increasing.
I have a cylinder and air is coming from upside and goes into the 3 outlets. My residual for conitniuty is 10^5 it touches 2*10^5 and then goes up and doesn't go until; 10^5. I dont know what might be the problem. 
Well, optimum values depend on the case :) but Fluent User's Guide recommends us to start with default values and eventually decrease them if residuals keep increasing.
And 105 isn't a bad value for continuity at all...once again it depends on the case, numerical schemes, initialization values etc. Search "continuity residuals convergence" in the forum for dicussions about judging convergence using residuals. You'll see that they're not that important... 
ya you are rite but sometimes increasing relaxation factors decreases residuals.

Residuals are a measure of how much the solution is changing in "time". Under relaxation factors limit how much the solution is allowed to change in "time". If you decrease the under relaxation factors, you decrease the rate of change of the solution, which you see as a decrease in the residuals. It doesn't mean that your solution is converged.

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