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Old   June 28, 2011, 05:07
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Can I simulate two phases flow with VOF in steady state ?

in grid independency study for UNSTEADY flow , how should I consider the time steps in every simulation, i mean i have grid1 with X amount of grids and grid2 with 3X and grid3 with 9X and i compare them, but should I consider different time steps as well?
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Old   June 28, 2011, 06:59
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there is a kind of unwritten rule - time step is of a magnitude of that allows short phenomena modeling.
it depends on the processes you are going to model and bigger mesh not always results in smaller timestep
At the beginning try to use one and the same timestep. If not applicable - divide by 2 each time.
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Old   June 28, 2011, 07:54
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Hi Philipov
Apparently denser mesh needs smaller time step (due to courant number), is it true?
As I understood u mean I better to use the same time step for all three meshes , X,3X,9X, ?

thank u
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Old   June 28, 2011, 09:56
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As a starting point -Yes and if you do not obtain convergence reduce timestep by factor of 2 until you get convergence and proper results.
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Old   June 30, 2011, 10:06
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Hi,

if you have a problems due to the courant number (which means you are using an explicit VOF scheme) then you should switch to an Implicit VOF scheme whch gives good results and is easier to use. You should start with an time around 10-3 s.

If you really want to stay with a explicit VOF scheme then you should calculate the time step with this formula :

Time step < Size of the smallest cell / Speed of sound in your phase.

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Old   June 30, 2011, 11:21
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I will a little disagree with the last comment as far as in air speed of sound is about 342m/s and if you have a cell size of 0.1m in X direction (for example) then you need dt of 3.0E-04 .
From last post seems that the task is independent from velocity. Dont you think velocity of 1m/s; 10m/s and 100 m/s does not matter?!?!?!
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Old   June 30, 2011, 16:38
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Hi Philipov,

I forgot one thing in my last post :
This formula will always make your scheme stable since the velocity will be always under the speed of sound.
If you are 100% sure that the maxspeed will be for exemple 50 m/s (EVERYWHERE) then you can calculate the time step with :

Time step < Size of the smallest cell / 50.

The formula "Time step < Size of the smallest cell / Speed of sound in your phase" is always true but not always the quickest.

Sincerly
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Old   July 1, 2011, 03:02
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AdrienL View Post
Hi Philipov,

I forgot one thing in my last post :
This formula will always make your scheme stable since the velocity will be always under the speed of sound.
If you are 100% sure that the maxspeed will be for exemple 50 m/s (EVERYWHERE) then you can calculate the time step with :

Time step < Size of the smallest cell / 50.

The formula "Time step < Size of the smallest cell / Speed of sound in your phase" is always true but not always the quickest.

Sincerly
Adrien
That's ok.... for me it is ok but sometimes people here are not so familiar and this explanation is good for them
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Old   July 2, 2011, 16:28
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Hey,

if you have problems with the Courant number. You could also try to decrease the under relaxation factors a little bit. That would cause a slower simulation but does not effect the speed so much like decreasing the time step.
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