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[DPM problem] infinite particles loop in domain (twin cyclone - double cyclone))

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Old   November 12, 2011, 14:04
Default [DPM problem] infinite particles loop in domain (twin cyclone - double cyclone))
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Good morning all,
I'm simulating a double cyclone system (twin cyclone), to separate a stream of particles (ash) from a fluegas.
The model consists of about 2.300.000 cells. Model is steady k-epsilon RNG with swirl dominated flow, no energy equation, incompressible gas. After about 4.000 iterations I stopped the simulations, residuals were all constant and under 10^-3 except continuity which was around 1*10^-2; however inlet and outlet mass flows were identical, and velocity and pressure profiles seem to be ok.

After that I enabled the DPM model to track my particles (steady) and to see the global efficiency.
So I set up multiple surface injections (at inlet) (I didn't use the Rosin-Rammler distribution) for each size of particles (I tried 5 - 15 - 82 and 2500 microns) and set the number of steps to an initial value of 200.000.
Outlet was setup as an escape boundary, dust collector (below cyclones) was setup as a trap boundary, all the other walls were setup as reflect (reflection condition --> normal -->constant=0,8, tangent-->constant=0,8).

However I saw a 100% incomplete path for all the injected sizes (except the 5 microns size), as you can see in the attached pictures (in picture I changed the injection type from surface to point).
I increased the number of steps till 5.000.000 but the results are the same: particles recirculate in the domain, without exiting or being trapped.
Pictures with tracked particles are all calculated with 1.000.000 steps.

What does this mean?It cannot be real an infinite loop of the particles.

Thank you for any replies

Attached Images
File Type: png 1.png (61.2 KB, 57 views)
File Type: jpg 2-15micron.jpg (33.1 KB, 62 views)
File Type: jpg 3-82micron.jpg (33.0 KB, 53 views)
File Type: jpg 4-2500micron.jpg (34.0 KB, 53 views)
File Type: jpg 5-5micron.jpg (37.0 KB, 50 views)

Last edited by ghost82; November 12, 2011 at 14:22.
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Old   November 14, 2011, 08:48
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The particles with diameters of 210-6m and 710-6m can spin down to the conical section of cyclone and then should be collected while the bigger particles with diameter of 310-5m and 110-4m spin downward first and then keep spinning near the wall at a certain horizontal level.
There is therefore a critical value to distinguish the flow pattern of particles of different diameters. If the particle diameter is larger than the critical value, the particle will keep a circular motion in the cone of cyclone. In contrast, if the particle diameter is less than this critical value, the particles will be collected directly or escape from the cyclone.[...]
In the real industry, these bigger particles will be eventually collected due to their interactions with other particles.
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