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January 20, 2013, 17:21 
How to decide the number of grid lines in boundary layer

#1 
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Meimei Wang
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Hi,
May I ask how to decide how many grid lines(at the direction proportional to the wall) do I need(to resolve boundary layer well)? Of course grid independence study is always good practice. But I always need a first guess of this number to have my first grids before the grid independence study. Thank you very much.
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January 21, 2013, 03:52 

#2 
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cfdnewbie
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That depends on the order of your scheme and on the type of flow you are considering. Impossible to answer in general....


January 24, 2013, 17:08 

#3 
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Meimei Wang
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Could you please recommend any paper about this?
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January 24, 2013, 22:25 

#4 
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If you are performing a RANS or URANS simulation the standard approach is to settle on the distance of the first point off the wall based on an acceptable y+ value, and then keep any grid stretching ratio below 1.2. The resulting simulation should always be reviewed after the fact to ensure that the actual value of y+ is still acceptable and the boundary layer is wellresolved.


January 25, 2013, 05:04 

#5 
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venki
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After running problem in solver. you will get actual value of Y+ . before running also we can calculate by Y+ estimatation calculater in CFD online(Rough). based on calculation you can find first cell distance.


January 25, 2013, 17:20 

#6  
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Meimei Wang
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Quote:
If I use laminar model(no model), do I need to have Y+ smaller or equal to 1? Thank you.
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January 26, 2013, 08:48 

#7 
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venki
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please post your problem brief. whether its Heat transfer or only fluid flow problem. I will send some data based on that. that data will answer your question. .


January 26, 2013, 10:42 

#8  
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Meimei Wang
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Quote:
Just wondering: If it's for heat transfer, Y+ will need to be below 1, right?
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January 27, 2013, 05:38 

#9 
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venki
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Based Turbulence models Y+ limitation is there for each models(like Komega ,Kepsilon). if u want caputure flow parameter along vertical. u have make fine mesh near wall.For Y+ consideration i will refer and answer your question later .


June 7, 2013, 18:04 

#10 
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Ehsan
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Hi
I have a question like Anna. Anna did you find an answer to your question about importance of y+ in laminar cases? and is it important that flow be compressible or incompressible? thanks.
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June 8, 2013, 09:04 

#11  
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Lefteris
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Quote:
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June 13, 2013, 05:10 

#12 
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Meimei Wang
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I think usually the boundary layer thickness doesn't strongly depend on whether the flow is compressible or incompressible. Y+ can be defined for laminar flow but doesn't make too much sense. We can use Blasius theory to estimate the laminar boundary thickness then put 11 points to the boundary layer. This could be a good starting point. Checking and grid independence study need to be done afterwards.
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