CFD Online Logo CFD Online URL
www.cfd-online.com
[Sponsors]
Home > Forums > Main CFD Forum

BC for the stream function in the computing domain

Register Blogs Members List Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Old   July 26, 2000, 13:21
Default BC for the stream function in the computing domain
  #1
Pierre Forges
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
July 26, 2000

Dear colleagues,

====> NOTATIONS

(x,y) Cartesian coordinates.

(r,s) Curvilinear coordinates.

P Stream Function

P is defined as follow:

u = dP/dy = dP/dr dr/dy + dP/ds ds/dy [1]

v =-dP/dx =-dP/dr dr/dx - dP/ds ds/dx [2]

====> INLET BOUNDARY CONDITION

For x=0 and y in [0,ymax] u=1 v=0

Now if I go to the computing domain, I have:

1=dP/dr dr/dy + dP/ds ds/dy

0=dP/dr dr/dx + dP/ds ds/dx

Two equations with two unknowns: dP/dr and dP/ds

Solving for dP/ds and integrating from s=0 to s>0 yields:

P(r=0,s)= P(0,0) + Int_{0}^{y(s)}

[dr/dx] /[dr/dx ds/dy - dr/dy ds/dx] dy

I have used my 2 BC, namely u=1 and v=0, to get a

Dirichlet BC for the stream function P. I think

it's the way to do it. Let's see now another

boundary condition.

====> OUTLET BOUNDARY CONDITION

For x=xmax and y in [0,ymax]

du/dx=0

dv/dx=0

In the computing domain I have:

du/dr dr/dx + du/ds ds/dx=0

dv/dr dr/dx + dv/ds ds/dx=0

Using eqs [1] and [2] yields:

[d^2P/dr^2 dr/dy + d^2P/drds ds/dy] dr/dx +

[d^2P/drds dr/dy + d^2P/ds^2 ds/dy] ds/dx=0 [3]

[d^2P/dr^2 dr/dx + d^2P/drds ds/dx] dr/dx +

[d^2P/drds dr/dx + d^2P/ds^2 ds/dx] ds/dx=0 [4]

From these two equations, how can I get my

boundary condition for the stream function P?

I cannot isolate dP/ds from eqs [3] and [4]! If it was possible I would have been able to integrate from s=0 to s>0 as I did before.

Same remark applies when I have the

following BC: du/dy=0 and v=0. It's a

BC for a symmetry line.

Thank you so much in advance for

replying to my question.

My very best regards,

Dr. Pierre Forges

UAE University Mech. Eng. Dept. pforges@uaeu.ac.ae
  Reply With Quote

Old   July 26, 2000, 14:47
Default Re: BC for the stream function in the computing do
  #2
John C. Chien
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
(1). The only reason of using the coordinate transformation is that after the transformation, the boundary condition specification will be easier. (2). For example, initially the wall is a curve, that is y=y(x). After the coordinate transformation, this becomes Eta=Eta1=a constant, using the body aligned coordinates. (3). In other words, the original wall boundary condition is Psi=a constant along y=y(x), now it becomes Psi=a constant along Eta=Eta1=a constant. (3). The same is true for the inlet condition. If u=1 along yinlet=yinlet(x), then after transformation, it becomes u=1 along Xi=0. And if you can set v_eta=0, then the flow will be uniform at Xi=0 in Eta direction. (4). So, the principle of using the coordinate transformation is to make the specification of the boundary conditions easier in the transformed coordinates. (5). In terms of the simple English, the inlet boundary condition is: at the inlet plane, velocity is uniform and is along the streamwise direction. (velocity has only Xi component) This inlet plane could be positioned originally at an angle to the x-y coordinate system and was difficult to specify the inlet boundary condition. After the transformation, it becomes easier. (6). In your case, you can keep the transformation the same as the original coordinates in the inlet and the exit region!!!! And use general transformation elsewhere. In other words, there is no transformation in the inlet and the exit regions. That is in those regions, Xi=x, Eta=y. Then those coordinate transformation factors will have value of either 0 or 1. In this way, u=1 at x=0, is the same as u=1 at Xi=0 or =Xi_zero (can be non-zero value). (7). the idea is: don't make the simple problem (u=1 at x=0) complicated through the coordinate transformation. as what you have just illustrated in your message. You are making the problem more difficult, not easier to solve.
  Reply With Quote

Reply

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Version 15 on Mac OS X gschaider OpenFOAM Installation 120 December 2, 2009 11:23
How to approach calculating a stream function given a velocity profile on a grid ComFlu Main CFD Forum 1 October 25, 2009 14:25
Problem with compile the setParabolicInlet ivanyao OpenFOAM Running, Solving & CFD 6 September 5, 2008 20:50
HELP - stream function from the velocity field Fred Main CFD Forum 10 January 26, 1999 13:58
Stream function and vorticity for turbulence flow? Willard Lee Main CFD Forum 1 January 20, 1999 12:03


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 02:03.