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Old   August 18, 2000, 09:22
Default Coanda-Effect
Harald Neumann
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Hi everybody,

can anybody give me a hint on literature on the COANDA-effect?

Thanks in advance,

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Old   August 18, 2000, 10:49
Default Re: Coanda-Effect
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In aeronautics, the natural question is "how does the wing divert the air down?" When a moving fluid, such as air or water, comes into contact with a curved surface it will try to follow that surface. To demonstrate this effect, hold a water glass horizontally under a faucet such that a small stream of water just touches the side of the glass. Instead of flowing straight down, the presence of the glass causes the water to wrap around the glass. This tendency of fluids to follow a curved surface is known as the Coanda effect. From Newton's first law we know that for the fluid to bend there must be a force acting on it. From Newton's third law we know that the fluid must put an equal and opposite force on the object which caused the fluid to bend.

Why should a fluid follow a curved surface? The answer is viscosity; the resistance to flow which also gives the air a kind of "stickiness". Viscosity in air is very small but it is enough for the air molecules to want to stick to the surface. At the surface the relative velocity between the surface and the nearest air molecules is exactly zero. (That is why one cannot hose the dust off of a car and why there is dust on the backside of the fans in a wind tunnel.) Just above the surface the fluid has some small velocity. The farther one goes from the surface the faster the fluid is moving until the external velocity is reached (note that this occurs in less than an inch). Because the fluid near the surface has a change in velocity, the fluid flow is bent towards the surface. Unless the bend is too tight, the fluid will follow the surface. This volume of air around the wing that appears to be partially stuck to the wing is called the "boundary layer".

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Old   August 18, 2000, 16:22
Default Re: Coanda-Effect
Jonas Larsson
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Click on "Search" at the top-right corner of this page and search for "Coanda" in the main-forum only - you will find several old messages about the Coanda effect and one of them includes several links to web-pages that has further details.
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