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September 1, 2000, 07:47 
Pressure Boundary Condition

#1 
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I am a new comer. Can any one tell me about what should be the pressure & velocity boundary conditions in the exit & entry of a control volume, while dealing with Patankars SIMPLE method.


September 1, 2000, 08:27 
Re: Pressure Boundary Condition

#2 
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1) Entry of a duct: imposed velocity, pressure unknown neumann boundary condition. 2) Exit of a duct: velocity unknown (0 neumann boundary condition ), pressure imposed and equal to 0.


September 1, 2000, 20:56 
Re: Pressure Boundary Condition

#3 
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If there is backward inflow at outflow boundary, how to deal with that situation?Can we put Pressure to zero?


September 2, 2000, 08:39 
Re: Pressure Boundary Condition

#4 
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How is this inflow generated? Usually when you deal with forced flow (such as flow in a duct, fow over a backward facing step, flow past an object), your domain is large (long) enough that the outflow is not supposed to influence the flow within the domain. This is a free exit and this is why we put the pressure to zero (when dealing with incompressible flow).
Is your problem well posed? If you send me a description of the problem (.ps .pdf), I may be able to give more help. 

September 2, 2000, 16:23 
Re: Pressure Boundary Condition

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One can have a local inflow through an outflow boundary when you place the outlow not far enough. For the backward facing step example, this would be to place the outflow boundary within the region of the recirculationg flow behind the step. You can still solve this problem provided that you satisfy the integrability condition of the pressure correction equation. This condition requires the surface integral of the normal pressure derivative be equal to the sum of mass flow rates (global mass error). To satisfy the above condition one must set the correct boundary conditions for both momentum and pressure equation and rigorously request the mass balance within each outer iteration of SIMPLE. For the inflow part on the outflow boundary, one should set the Dirichlet boundary conditions (for a single outer iteration). Inflow properties (density etc.) may be taken from the nearby element. The inflow/outflow parts of the assumed outflow boundary adjust themself within several outer iterations. The above works with both staggered and cellcentered finite volume schemes. For more description c.f. Blosh, Shyy, Smith Numer.Heat Transfer B, 24(1993)pp.415429 (for the staggered grid scheme). The cellcentered scheme is more tricky, but it may be done as well.
regards DML 

September 2, 2000, 16:45 
Re: Pressure Boundary Condition

#6 
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Actually, there are a lot of computational cases, in which there is backward inflow at outflow boundary. One of this is case is the unsteady simulation of wave prorogation. I have got one paper about 'On the open boundary condition for the simple algorithm using nonstaggered grids', Yih Nen Jeng and Yuan Chang Liou 1994 , Numerical Heat Transfer Part B. It may help.


September 14, 2000, 09:41 
Re: Pressure Boundary Condition

#7 
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Can any one tell me, what the exact definition of pressure boundary condition? How can I put the pressure boundary condition with PISO algorithm?


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