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-   -   SIMPLER PRESSURE CORRECTION (http://www.cfd-online.com/Forums/main/2780-simpler-pressure-correction.html)

 patrick November 10, 2000 12:41

SIMPLER PRESSURE CORRECTION

IS IT POSSIBLE TO USE UNDER-RELAXATION FOR PRESSURE CORRECTION EQUATION WITH SIMPLER ? DO WE GET THE CORRECT SOLUTION ? NOTE : I AM NOT ASKING WHETHER SIMPLER REQUIRES OR NOT UNDER-RELAXATION OF PRESSURE CORRECTION ( I ALREADY KNOW THAT THE ANSWER IS NO). BUT I WANT TO USE UNDER-RELAXATION, SO IS IT POSSIBLE OR NOT ?

THANKS

PATRICK

 Simple Simon November 11, 2000 11:01

Re: SIMPLER PRESSURE CORRECTION

Relaxation just changes the convergence (& rate) of your solution (If at all it will converge). So yes I believe you can use relaxation if you desire. It may help or it may not. There is no simple (ha ha I made a joke) answer to your question. Convergence rates are problem dependent so it is best to do a parametric study yourself to see whether or not it is worth using for your specific problem.

 D.M. Lipinski November 11, 2000 17:24

Re: SIMPLER PRESSURE CORRECTION

Be careful with the under-relaxation of the pressure correction equation. Under-relaxation causes that the corrected velocity field (or mass flow rates at the surfaces) does not conserve mass. So whether you can use underrelaxation or not depends on the fact if your algorithm requires mass conservation at each outer iteration. Some terms cancel out from the equations if the mass conservation is always satisfied.

N.B., when properly formulated, the pressure correction equation does not need underrelaxation, or very little (0.99) if because of the boundary conditions the coefficient matrix is singular.

regards

DML

 patrick November 13, 2000 12:29

Re: SIMPLER PRESSURE CORRECTION

Thanks for the answer. Do you mean that under-relaxation is actually "REQUIRED" when Neumann boundary conditions for pressure are used on the entire boundary making the matrix singular. Patrick

 D.M. Lipinski November 13, 2000 15:04

Re: SIMPLER PRESSURE CORRECTION

Yes, I think that if you define all-Neumann boundary conditions, relaxation (but very little of it) is required. You can check that even setting the relaxation factor to 0.995 helps to get faster convergence (inner iteration!). Moving to 0.99, the impact is even more clear. This is true for both, standard conjugate gradient-type solvers (CG, ICCG) and the GMRES (Krylov) or SIP (Strongly Implicit) solves.

The risk of adding relaxation is that it destroys the mass conservation. Most of the algorithms do not conserve momentum when the mass is not conserved. The result is oscillatory solution or divergence.

The other thing you could try, would be to change the boundary conditions for the pressure. If possible, assume Dirichlet conditions for the pressure at the outlet (if you have one). Then the pressure correction will be zero at these locations. The matrix will no longer be singular and your algorithm may like it. Please note that setting Dirichlet conditions on the pressure at the outlet may unintentionally set the pressure difference within the domain. This, of course, must be avoided.

Regards

DML

 patrick November 13, 2000 16:05

Re: SIMPLER PRESSURE CORRECTION

I did notice that under-relaxation of pressure improved convergence that's why I wanted to use it for pressure correction. But then there is the problem of mass conservation. Outer iter will have to converge more. No I cannot change boundary conditions. Thanks again. Patrick.

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