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prasat April 24, 2003 04:54

FLOPS
 
How to caluclate flops(floating point oprations in the fortran code. Is there any standard subroutine or functions pratap

Praveen April 25, 2003 00:05

Re: FLOPS
 
FLOPS or Floating Operations per Second is a characteristic of your computer and not of your code.

Jim Park April 25, 2003 13:13

Re: FLOPS
 
Hmm.

If I compile my code with no optimization and measure the flop rate for a typical problem, I get a speed of n flops.

If I recompile the same code with full optimization, then measure the flop rate on the same problem, I get a speed of 2n or 3n [I'm not the best programmer : ) ].

I ran both of these on the same computer. Perhaps the flop rate can depend on several different things other than the computer?

Jim Park April 25, 2003 14:25

FLOPS estimate
 
You can estimate the FLOPs by estimating the number of floating point operations per cycle (time step or iteration). That generally involves

(number of nodes) x (multiplies + adds + divides + subtracts per node) + (same calculation for application of boundary conditions) is number of floating point operations per cycle. Multiply by cycles/sec (you can time this) to get FLOPs.

The Los Alamos folks suggest a simpler alternative, the 'cpu time per cell per cycle', or "grind." It's a lot easier to calculate than estimating all of the arithmetic operations.

Probably the computer science folks have made all of this precise and mathematical?

Steve Amphlett April 28, 2003 05:16

Re: FLOPS
 
Assuming that the previos posters have misunderstood your question...

There are no standard ways in FORTRAN or C to automatically count FLOPS. My guess is that you're trying to optimise your implementation by minimising FLOPS carried out. If this is the case, some programming environments provide really detailed profiling tools. I got this from profiling a simple floating point loop program on my Compaq system here. Note the line that says the program did 201 FLOPS.

HTH

- Steve

% cc -g program.c % pixie a.out % a.out.pixie % prof -pixstats a.out:

1088 (1.037) cycles (2.176e-06s @ 500.0MHz)

1049 (1.000) instructions

419 (0.399) interlock cycles due to basic block boundary

10 (0.010) nops

391 (0.373) alu (including logicals, shifts)

157 (0.150) logicals (including ldah and lda)

0 (0.000) shifts

0 (0.000) prefetches

185 (0.176) loads

15 (0.014) stores

200 (0.191) loads+stores

34 (0.032) load followed by load

200 (0.191) data bus use

186 (0.177) sp+gp load/stores

201 (0.192) flops (92.4 mflop/s @ 500.0MHz)

135 (0.129) conditional branches

100 (0.095) branch to branch

100 (0.095) branch to branch taken

263 (0.251) basic blocks

6 (0.006) calls

0 (0.000) skip

<plus loads more output not included>

Giorgio April 29, 2003 12:35

Re: FLOPS
 
In order to know MegaFLOPS (and other events like loads,stores and so on...) you have to instrument your code.

Take a look to: http://www.fz-juelich.de/zam/PCL/

where you can find a quit "portable" performace counter library.

Best regards, Giorgio



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