# k-w turbulent model and inflow boundary conditions

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 March 26, 2010, 08:11 k-w turbulent model and inflow boundary conditions #1 Senior Member   Join Date: Feb 2010 Posts: 213 Rep Power: 8 My CFD case concerns a blade section of a marine propeller. The hydrofoil chord is 0.3 m and the Reynolds number is about 1.9E6. I choose the - SST turbulent model and I'm doubtful about the inlet and wall boundary condition of and . I can evaluate a initial guess from turbulence intensity. I assume a 1% for my case, an open propeller (or 5% is better?). What about ? I read the FLUENT user manual and ESI guidelines. For external flows it's difficult to guess a characteristic turbulent length, so it's better to estimate the turbulent viscosity ratio (typically 1-10). where is the turbulent viscosity ratio and is the dynamic viscosity. I guess a = 1 for my case, am I right? Last edited by vaina74; March 26, 2010 at 08:29.

 March 27, 2010, 09:28 #2 Senior Member   Sandy Lee Join Date: Mar 2009 Posts: 207 Rep Power: 9 Somebody told me it should be 10 ~100. You can choose any one, because it has just little effect. Right or wrong?

 March 28, 2010, 16:25 #3 Senior Member   Join Date: Feb 2010 Posts: 213 Rep Power: 8 I think it is just the opposite. I read that has a great influence on the turbulence. Maybe I didn't understand that Last edited by vaina74; March 29, 2010 at 12:32.

April 10, 2010, 04:28
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Sandy Lee
Join Date: Mar 2009
Posts: 207
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by vaina74 My CFD case concerns a blade section of a marine propeller. The hydrofoil chord is 0.3 m and the Reynolds number is about 1.9E6. I choose the - SST turbulent model and I'm doubtful about the inlet and wall boundary condition of and . I can evaluate a initial guess from turbulence intensity. I assume a 1% for my case, an open propeller (or 5% is better?). What about ? I read the FLUENT user manual and ESI guidelines. For external flows it's difficult to guess a characteristic turbulent length, so it's better to estimate the turbulent viscosity ratio (typically 1-10). where is the turbulent viscosity ratio and is the dynamic viscosity. I guess a = 1 for my case, am I right?
Hi vaina74, in the ESI guidelines, it is "For external flows the freestream turbulent viscosity will be on the order of laminar viscosity so small values of b are appropriate, say b = 0.1 – 0.2. ", however, in the FLUENT user manual, it is about 1~10. You think, which one is the value we should choose? Thanks.

 April 12, 2010, 18:20 #5 Senior Member   Join Date: Feb 2010 Posts: 213 Rep Power: 8 Hi, Sandy. You're right, but the in the most papers I find a turbulent viscosity ratio (sometimes TVR) of 1-10 for external flows (maybe do they all use FLUENT and its manual? ). Anyway, I set and obtained very good results for and (less good for a more turbulent flow). I used ESI guidelines to evaluate an initial guess for . I hope a more expert CFD user will answer to this thread.

 April 23, 2010, 12:10 #6 Senior Member   Join Date: Feb 2010 Posts: 213 Rep Power: 8 Please, I have some questions about implementation of SST turbulent model and wall functions. 1. In most papers or threads of this forum I read that, when a wall function is used, y+ must be greater than 30, if possible closed to 30, so wall-adjacent first cells centroid is located within the log-law layer. But someone, with SST, sets y+ above 11. Is it correct? Why? I can't find theoretical support for that. 2. I'm in trouble with inlet boundary conditions for . In FLUENT manual and other papers I read but I find also In other words, my question is: or ?

 April 26, 2010, 06:03 #7 Senior Member   Join Date: Feb 2010 Posts: 213 Rep Power: 8 I 'chose' the relation and In my case, kinematic viscosity is 1.19e-6 mē/s (sea water) and inlet velocity is 7.3 m/s. If I guess a turbulence intensity of 1% and a turbulent viscosity ratio of 1, I obtain k=0.008 mē/sē and =6725 1/s! seems to be enormous, compared to values I see in the forum, is anything wrong? Last edited by vaina74; April 26, 2010 at 06:35.

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