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 sheth July 24, 2011 10:22

Truck cfd analysis

Hi all,

I am given a project on cfd analysis of truck trailer configuration the model is shown in image below. I have to find drag coefficient at different Reynolds number and validate data with NASA experimental value.

http://www.freeimagehosting.net/t/ebdfb.png

I would like to know how to start, as I don't have any idea about cfd analysis. I can learn software that's not an issue. I just need step by step guideline on how to approach this problem.

I have basic theoretical knowledge but this is my first time on working on cfd analysis. SO I really need your guidance.

 albedo July 24, 2011 12:39

I would start by doing the following:
1)making the geometry first
2)Then mesh
3)Set up the critical parameters in FLUENT
4)Make sure to output the drag on whatever walls your looking at and in the correct direction
5) Post-Process

Hope this help =)

 Martin Hegedus July 24, 2011 13:45

First step is to read the CFD literature in regards to truck trailer configurations. Find out what other people did. A big issue with this configuration is the base, i.e. back end. Also, since you are new to this, I would suggest that you try to replicate someones solution as a test case.

 Andrew.Coughtrie July 24, 2011 17:08

Before you start in on any geometry you should also work out exactly what you want to find, what situation you're modelling and all boundary data, properties and expected flow characteristics you think might be occuring. As Martin said read up on similar cases first to give you a better idea. Only once you know in basic terms what you need and what you expect to happen should you start doing anything. You can then determine what your geometry should look like (e.g. what you need and don't need) and what type of mesh and where to concentrate the cells. I sugest you look for the introduction to CFD introcutory fluent training power point for a good start to the process you should follow.

Hope this helps

Andy

 sheth July 24, 2011 23:44

@ albedo

I have made geometry in catia in .igs file now I am confused what software to use. I have ansys cfx, ansys fluent and ansys icem cfd.

In what software do i add mesh. I have tried icem cfd, but there is query what is blocking in it? and other question is that how should i define inflow & outflow (Is it supposed to be defined while meshing)

Quote:
 Originally Posted by Martin Hegedus (Post 317294) First step is to read the CFD literature in regards to truck trailer configurations. Find out what other people did. A big issue with this configuration is the base, i.e. back end. Also, since you are new to this, I would suggest that you try to replicate someones solution as a test case.
@ martin thanks I would look for such other literature in the internet.

@andrew thanks..

 kid July 25, 2011 02:49

have u tried Phoenics or OpenCFD

hello Seth,
Do u have Phoenics package ? This can help you to solve fast and easy to put initial inlet flow conditions .

 A.D.E July 25, 2011 04:50

In addition to the comments of Martin and Andrew I think it might be easier to start with a 2-d configuration. This will enable you to run more solutions since 2-d grids are less computationally expensive! Additionally you will gain knowledge on CFD and hopefully the physics behind it. I think icem is a good meshing tool but you might need some time to learn it. You can use Velocity inlet, Pressure outlet for the front and back of your domain, wall for the ground (that you can specify as moving in fluent), wall for your configuration (non-slip) and pressure far field for the top part of your domain.

Best of luck,

A.D.E

 sheth July 27, 2011 11:07

Can I create a geometry in CATIA and then do meshing.

and What software in ANSYS should I use to easily mesh the 3d geometry that I have attached in my first post.

 Andrew.Coughtrie July 27, 2011 11:27

What do you have access to in regards to software? If you have work bench with designmodeller and ansys meshing then I would use those for such a simple geometry. They aren't too hard to get the hang of. If you insist on doing the modeling in CATIA then if possible export is as a parasolid file for import into ansys geometry modeller. If you don't have access to workbench then either gambit or ICEM are generally the meshing packages of choice for CFX and Fluent.

Andy

 sheth July 27, 2011 12:00

Thanks Andrew for detailed explanation.

I have normal version of Catia without ansys meshing tools.

So basically what's difference in cfx and fluent? I am bit confused what software to use.

Cheers..:)
Quote:
 Originally Posted by Andrew.Coughtrie (Post 317742) What do you have access to in regards to software? If you have work bench with designmodeller and ansys meshing then I would use those for such a simple geometry. They aren't too hard to get the hang of. If you insist on doing the modeling in CATIA then if possible export is as a parasolid file for import into ansys geometry modeller. If you don't have access to workbench then either gambit or ICEM are generally the meshing packages of choice for CFX and Fluent. Andy

 Andrew.Coughtrie July 27, 2011 15:11

The choice you make on which software to use depends on what you want to do. As you appear to have never done any CFD analysis before i'd say the differences are likely to mean very little to you. Some questions you'll need to ask to determine in a basic sense which will work best for you are:

Is it a Transient or Steadystate problem?
Is it compressible or incompressible flow?
What kind of turbulence modelling do i need?

I'm assuming the object you're modelling is a wind tunnel model judgeing by the pressure taps?

If so then i would treat it in a similar way to an aerofoil problem, there is plenty of info on running CFD on such things.

In this case you might as well use Fluent, there is a tutorial on modelling an aerofoil which you can probably adapt to your model (at least in 2D, though 3D wouldn't be much harder) Fluent also has the k-w SST and S-A models which are widely used for external flows which you might find useful.

So:
Geometry - CATIA
Mesh - probably Gambit though maybe ICEM
Solver - Fluent

You should be able to do everything you want with those.

Andy

 sheth July 27, 2011 21:44

@ Andy

Thanks a tons buddy. You gave a very clear idea on how should I work.

BTW lets say for eg. I make a flat plate in CATIA, Then do I need to define domain and all stuff in mesh generator software right? I have made only flat plate not the domain around in CATIA.

 velliangiri July 28, 2011 01:33

cfd flow over truck

hi

you do one thing this type of problem is easy to solve in fluent 6.326 v
step -1
first creat the model in gambit
step - 2 using fluent
or you try to use on tutorial problems ok

velliangiri
velli_giri@yahoo.co.in

Quote:
 Originally Posted by sheth (Post 317275) Hi all, I am given a project on cfd analysis of truck trailer configuration the model is shown in image below. I have to find drag coefficient at different Reynolds number and validate data with NASA experimental value. http://www.freeimagehosting.net/t/ebdfb.png I would like to know how to start, as I don't have any idea about cfd analysis. I can learn software that's not an issue. I just need step by step guideline on how to approach this problem. I have basic theoretical knowledge but this is my first time on working on cfd analysis. SO I really need your guidance. Thanks in advance.

 Andrew.Coughtrie July 28, 2011 06:09

Yes in CFD you only need to create the fluid domain, so although you have your "plate" you would create a big box around it representing the fluid and subtract the "plate" from it leaving a hole in the middle. You'll just give the edges of the hole representing the "plate" wall boundary conditions so the flow will go round them. I sugest you do a few tutorials like the aerofoil one suggested earlier as this will give you a better idea. The image shows an example of an external flow mesh for an aerofoil, you can see there is a hole in the middle.

Andy

P.S. Yes you should be able to do the domain deffinition in the meshing software if you import you geometry.

http://lsec.cc.ac.cn/%7Ecjxu/image/nc15mo2/mesh.gif

 sheth July 29, 2011 14:17

So lets say if I want to analyze flat plate then firstly I need to make one solid flat plate in catia. Then Import to meshing software. Now my question is how do I define boundary in such case do I need to create boundary with structure itself?
Quote:
 Originally Posted by Andrew.Coughtrie (Post 317843) Yes in CFD you only need to create the fluid domain, so although you have your "plate" you would create a big box around it representing the fluid and subtract the "plate" from it leaving a hole in the middle. You'll just give the edges of the hole representing the "plate" wall boundary conditions so the flow will go round them. I sugest you do a few tutorials like the aerofoil one suggested earlier as this will give you a better idea. The image shows an example of an external flow mesh for an aerofoil, you can see there is a hole in the middle. Andy P.S. Yes you should be able to do the domain deffinition in the meshing software if you import you geometry. http://lsec.cc.ac.cn/%7Ecjxu/image/nc15mo2/mesh.gif

 Andrew.Coughtrie July 29, 2011 14:44

1 Attachment(s)
it will depend on the software as to how you do it, i use Ansys DesignModeller which is built in to Ansys Workbench. With that is it easy as it has been designed to do it. You just create and enclosure around your geometry and it will create a solid body. What i sugest you do as it seems you're more used to using CATIA, is to create a large solid box that encloses your model and then remove your model leaving a hole in the middle of the new solid. you can then import the solid fluid domain without the actual geometry you're interested in. So you'll just have the fluid with a hole, you mesh the fluid and ignore the hole. If its 3D make sure that you have fluid on all sides. You will apply boundary conditions to this fluid domain. The picture shows what a mesh for a flat plate might look like (this is cut through to show the plate but the plate can't be seen normally). In Ansys Meshing you can then apply lables to the boundaries in this case the outer sides of the cube and the surfaces of the hole in the middle. These lables can then be used to locate the boundary data. This was done useing Ansys DesignModeller and AMP, i'm not certain how to do this using Gambit of ICEM so you may need to search through their documentation on how to.

Andy

 sheth July 29, 2011 14:56

So I can also do like , make a model in catia import in ansys modeler and then enclose it? In that way I wont have to care about defining fluid around geometry.

 Andrew.Coughtrie July 29, 2011 15:13

Yes that would work too, it would probably be the easiest option but it depends on the software you have available to you. The enclose feature in geometry modeller makes everything much easier. Import>Enclose>supress the body of your import. you can then just move on to meshing.

 sheth July 30, 2011 08:17

@andrew Can you tell me How can I find drag co-efficient in CFX ?

 Andrew.Coughtrie July 30, 2011 19:48

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