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-   -   finite element method for the Shallow Water Equations help (http://www.cfd-online.com/Forums/main/95056-finite-element-method-shallow-water-equations-help.html)

 alvesker December 4, 2011 22:28

finite element method for the Shallow Water Equations help

Hello,

I try to solve the Shallow Water Equations using finite element methods. Can anyone explain me how to treat nonlinear terms?

The problem is that we can write linear terms as matrix-vector multiplication where matrix is independent on time. For example for the height field h we have

after getting the Galerkin equation by multiplying on test function and integrating over domain we will get the term like

or in the matrix form

Hence we compute the matrix only once and then multiply by updated coefficient vector

But how to deal with the terms like $uh$? where u is the velocity

after getting the Galerkin equation this will be like

How these can be represented in the matrix form in order not to compute all these integrals on each timestep?

 seyedashraf December 5, 2011 03:31

Dear alvesker,

you don't have to write the FEM approximated form of each parameter
http://www.cfd-online.com/Forums/vbL...ab3d0f45-1.gif is more accurate, though, I would suggest writing the the mean value of those parameters to simplify the weak form.

about the integration on each time step
it depends on the grid form you are using to split the domain.

 alvesker December 5, 2011 05:48

Dear seyedashraf,

Thanks for the quick reply.

Can you explain what do you understand by the mean value?
is it like the following?

and how write it to the terms like

where u, h are the velocity component and height field

So if apply the FEM we have

what is the average in the case when in the multiplication one of unknows one contain gradient (we have these in the advection formulation)

 alvesker December 5, 2011 06:01

the grid form - I use triangular grid

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