Low Reynolds K Epsilon Launder Sharma Model Functions Doubt...
Hi folks,
I am trying to implement the Low Reynolds K Epsilon Launder Sharma Turbulence Model in 3D from scratch because I will need to some changes later on to implement two phase modeling. However I have some doubts about the E and D model functions, as seen in the wiki section: http://www.cfdonline.com/Wiki/LowRe_kepsilon_models. I am unsure if these functions only apply to the YY axis, or do I need to use a gradient for them?? For D the gradient is pretty straightforward, but for E I am struggling a bit? Do I have 3 or 6 terms for the gradient, because the partial derivatives change depending on which axis you differentiate first...:confused::confused: Hope it's clear and someone can help.. Cheers! Rui 
y in those formulas refers to the direction normal to the wall. Hence, in a 3D code it will be dependent on how the wall is oriented and will be a combination of x,y and z.

Thank you for your reply jola! :)
Could you suggest some articles or thesis or anyother source that has those equation so that I can better understand? Cheers! Rui 
Also, regarding the extra source terms:
for two dimensional pipe flow and assuming flow in the xdirection, the normal is y. However, in 3D and pipe flow in the zdirection, both x and y are normal to the flow. I am not quite understanding how to combine the three coordinates in the extra source terms. Could you please provide some more details. Thank you. Best Regards, Rui 
hi Rui,
Did you manage to apple the model in two phase model? Quote:

Hello Kanarya,
yes I was. I am using it now in my simulations. How can I help you? Best Regards, Rui 
Hi Rui,
do you have already publish some results? Or do you have some comparison with the classical methods with wall function! I already did it for single case but I have some difficulties to apply damping function to the wall with solid included case. Can you give me some reference about it? thanks a lot Quote:

Hello Kanarya,
I'm finishing a paper on the subject but is not yet pusblished. I can try and point in the right direction, but I cannot as of now provide you with some of the coding. I'm sure you understand. So, the papers that helped me out were the following:  C. M. Hrenya [1995] Comparison of low Reynolds number κ—ε turbulence models in predicting fully developed pipe flow  J. J. Costa [1999] Test Of Several Version For The ke Type Turbulence Modelling  On the Mixture Model for Multiphase Flow Also, remrmber that meshing is always an issue. Hope this helps and let me know if you need anything. Best Regards, Rui 
Hi Rui,
Thanks for the quick answer! Did you use mixture approach or dispersed one? What is your application e.g gassolid , gasliquid, dense or dilute? Because I am simulating gas solid CFB system and I want to include in both equation source term which includes the momentum interchange between two phases! Thanks a lot again! Quote:

Hi,
I'm using the Mixture Model because I´m modelling a solidliquid dense suspension. Since you are gassolid, I recomend the works of Elghobashi (I believe it is spelled this way). Best Regards, Rui 
Hi Rui,
thanks for your time and patients! did you get improvement near the wall without wall treatment (dense mesh) in comparison to classical models? I am looking forward to read your paper! thanks! best! kanarya Quote:

Yes, I did.
The classic wall function behaves very poorly with particles, at least in solidliquid case that I study. Best Regards, Rui 
Hi Rui,
what do you mean with "Also, remember that meshing is always an issue"? do we need dense mesh near the wall for damping function as well (like Y+ =1 or Y+ =30). Y+ = 30 should be enough,right? thanks in advance! Best! Kanarya Quote:

Hi Kanarya,
I think that for Low Re models you should go for Y+=1. This is due to the anisotropic behaviour near the wall. The meshing issue comes from two points: 1) refine mesh until the results do not vary and 2) the RAM limitations for really dense meshes. Hope this helps. Best Regards, Rui Quote:

Thanks a lot Rui!
Quote:

damping function in gas solid multiphase flows
Hi Rui,
Did you publish your paper about damping function in gas solid multiphase flows. can you give me some referance about it? thanks! 
My paper is on Solidliquid multiphase flows.
I'mm finalizing the paper and will submit it soon. If I get accpeted for publication I'll share the link here. I appologize if I gave the wrong impression. Best Regards, Rui Quote:

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