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malaboss February 19, 2013 11:59

Problem with K omega boundary conditions
1 Attachment(s)
Hi FOAMers !
I am studying some airfoils in 2D and before applying any turbulence model to them I test the model on a cylinder.

I tested the komega model which gave me good results with my drag and my strouhal.

However, when I want to see the k field in the domain, I see a high value at the inlet (the one I fixed) and then a fast decrease.
Do you know why I observe it ? Do you know how to fix this ?

My Reynolds is 1000
Here are my boundary conditions :

U fixed value 0.015
p zerogradient
k fixedValue 0.00000375
epsilon fixedValue 0.0000000112
nut calculated value 0
omega fixedValue 0.037

U zeroGradient
p fixedValue 0
k zeroGradient
epsilon zeroGradient
nut calculated value 0
omega zeroGradient

U symmetryPlane
p symmetryPlane
k symmetryPlane
epsilon symmetryPlane
nut symmetryPlane
omega symmetryPlane

U symmetryPlane
p symmetryPlane
k symmetryPlane
epsilon symmetryPlane
nut symmetryPlane
omega symmetryPlane

U fixedvalue 0
p zeroGradient
k kqWallfunction 0.00000375
epsilon epsilonWallFunction 0.0000000112
nut nutkWallfunction 0
omega omegaWallFucntion 0.037

U empty
p empty
k empty
epsilon empty
nut empty

I enclose a screenshot of the kfield with komega so you can see the problem.

Thanks a lot for your help

malaboss February 21, 2013 10:52

1 Attachment(s)
Hi all,
since my previous post, I have tried to look at the same case but with komega SST turbulenceModel. I applied the same boundary conditions and found that we had the same jump at the inlet.

However this time we have some example of OpenFoam Cases with kOmega SST turbulence model. For example the motorbike.
Looking at the inlet, we find the same jump (see attached picture). In fact, what bothers me is that the solution depends on the size of the domain.

I don't think we should have this, should we ?

There is something that makes me a little more comfortable with this solution which is that the jump is very small.

One could say me that we fixed the inlet value quite arbitrarily and that there are no reason why the internalfield would have the same value. But should not we have zero Gradient Boudnary Condition instead ?

Thanks for your help

sylvester February 28, 2013 06:18


Does reducing turbulent dissipation (epsilon) help?


olivierG February 28, 2013 09:43


Your k/epsilon ratio isn't ok.

But why don't you try :
- turbulentIntensityKineticEnergyInlet for k,
- turbulentMixingLengthDissipationRateInlet for epsilon,
- turbuelntMixingLengthFrequencyInlet for omega


malaboss March 1, 2013 11:56

3 Attachment(s)
Hi and thanks for your answers.
Actually I choosed my Espilon Value at the inlet with this formula :

epsilon = k^(3/2) * c mu / l
with l, the turbulence length scale. I choosed l = 0,05*D where D is my cylinder's diameter.

As sylvester suggested it, I lowered the epsilon value at the inlet and all disappeared. I divided my previous espilon inlet value by 100 (and my omega by 100)to get the first enclosed result. However the nut Field has significantly increased, which seems quite weird to me (2nd enclosed result)
Sylvester may be right, I should have chosen a turbulent length scale value lower than 5%.

For the boundary conditions, I did not use the turbulent BC simply because I did not know they existed. I just tried to implement it and it required to set the value for k, epsilon and omega, in addition of the turbulent intensity and mixinglength. Furthermore It does not change anything in the solution compared to the case where I only implemented the fixedValue BC.

From what you said and what i just tested I really think that I don't know how to define the turbulent length scale. Do you know some experimental formulas I could use ? (I already have looked for it on google but I found no result for external aerodynamic flows).

Thanks for your help !

bassamdjedi April 18, 2015 17:27

I am doing simulation using open-foam on 2D aerofoil. I used komega model and put all boundary conditions and started the simulation. However, at Time= 26 i receive an error, I hope i can get help with this issue.
Thank you
#0 Foam::error::printStack(Foam::Ostream&) at ??:?
#1 Foam::sigFpe::sigHandler(int) at ??:?
#2 in "/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/"
#3 Foam::GaussSeidelSmoother::smooth(Foam::word const&, Foam::Field<double>&, Foam::lduMatrix const&, Foam::Field<double> const&, Foam::FieldField<Foam::Field, double> const&, Foam::UPtrList<Foam::lduInterfaceField const> const&, unsigned char, int) at ??:?
#4 Foam::GaussSeidelSmoother::smooth(Foam::Field<doub le>&, Foam::Field<double> const&, unsigned char, int) const at ??:?
#5 Foam::smoothSolver::solve(Foam::Field<double>&, Foam::Field<double> const&, unsigned char) const at ??:?
#6 Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solveSegregated(Foam::dict ionary const&) at ??:?
#7 Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solve(Foam::dictionary const&) at ??:?
#8 Foam::SolverPerformance<double> Foam::solve<double>(Foam::tmp<Foam::fvMatrix<doubl e> > const&) at ??:?
#9 Foam::incompressible::RASModels::kOmega::correct() at ??:?
at ??:?
#11 __libc_start_main in "/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/"
at ??:?
Floating point exception (core dumped)

tareqkh April 19, 2015 23:25


Just zip your files up, and I will fix your problem.


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