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idefix March 20, 2013 11:08

Implementation of turbulence model

I am trying to implement a new turbulence model, but it does not work.

Here are the steps I did:

user:~/OpenFOAM> mkdir OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user
user:~/OpenFOAM> cd OpenFOAM-2.1.1
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1> cp -r --parents src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/kEpsilon ../OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1> cd ../OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS> mv kEpsilon/ VOFkEpsilon
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS> cd VOFkEpsilon/
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> mv kEpsilon.H VOFkEpsilon.H
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> mv kEpsilon.C VOFkEpsilon.C
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> sed s/kEpsilon/VOFkEpsilon/g VOFkEpsilon.C > temp
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> mv temp VOFkEpsilon.C
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> sed s/kEpsilon/VOFkEpsilon/g VOFkEpsilon.H > temp
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> mv temp VOFkEpsilon.H
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> ll

user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> cp -r $FOAM_SRC/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/Make .
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> ll
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> vi Make/files
In line 20 add: VOFkEpsilon/VOFkEpsilon.C
Finish with :wq
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> vi Make/options
I added -I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels/RAS/incompressible/lnInclude
The final file looks like
-I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels \
-I$(LIB_SRC)/transportModels \
-I$(LIB_SRC)/finiteVolume/lnInclude \
-I$(LIB_SRC)/meshTools/lnInclude \
-lincompressibleTurbulenceModel \
-lfiniteVolume \

Finish with :wq
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> vi VOFkEpsilon.C
In line 57 ad: Info << "my VOFkepsilon model" << endl;
Finish with :wq
user:~/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1-user/src/turbulenceModels/incompressible/RAS/VOFkEpsilon> wmake libso
wmakeLnInclude: linking include files to ./lnInclude
make: *** No rule to make target »RASModel/RASModel.dep«,
needed by »Make/linux64GccDPOpt/dependencies« Stop.

Can anyone help me what I am doing wrong?

Thanks a lot

Lieven March 20, 2013 11:19

Hi Idefix,

You were a bit too enthusiastic with copying everything :D
Remove the Make/files you copied and replace it by a new Make/files file with the (only!) following lines:



LIB = $(FOAM_USER_LIBBIN)/libextendedRASModels

where libextendedRASModels is the name of the library you are creating

In the case where you want to use the turbulence model, you should add


at the bottom of the system/controlDict.

If something goes wrong, feel free to let us know.



idefix March 26, 2013 05:39

Thanks for your help.

Everything is working now :)

If anyone has the same problem, here is the last step you have to do to finish the implementation:

Go to constant/RASProperties
Add: RASModel VOFkEpsilon;


idefix March 26, 2013 11:01


now I´ve got the next problem

I want to implement a term which uses alpha1

but what ever I did, I always get the massage:
alpha1 was not declared in this scope

What did I forget to add?

Thanks for your help

Lieven March 26, 2013 11:04

Hi Idefix,

You really should define the problem a bit better if you want us to be able to help us...

What does this alpha1 represent. Is it a const parameter of the turbulence model? Is it a volScalarField? Does it only show up in the turbulence model equations?



idefix March 27, 2013 02:22

oh sorry, I forget

alpha1 is defined in the User´s Guide: (chapter 2.3.3)

alpha1 is the phase fraction and is used in the VOF-model. I refer to the solver interFoam.

alpha1 = 1: the phase is liquid
alpha1 = 0: the phase is gaseous
0 < alpha1 < 1: there is the interface between two phases in this cell

alpha1 is a volScalarField

Do you understand this explanation? If it´s not the case, please ask. I´ll try to explain it in more detail.

Thanks again


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