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January 20, 2011, 14:05 
thickened flame model

#1 
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Hi
I came across some previous code on the thickened flame model that uses the following for the source term: Does anyone know what the scalars A, TA, MF etc signify? Thanks, gk namespace Foam { defineTypeNameAndDebug(airmix, 0); addToRunTimeSelectionTable(sourceTerm, airmix, dictionary); airmix::airmix(/*const volScalarField& b*/ const hCombustionThermo& thermo) : sourceTerm(typeName, thermo), A_(readScalar(coeffsDict_.lookup("A"))), TA_(readScalar(coeffsDict_.lookup("TA"))), MF_(readScalar(coeffsDict_.lookup("MF"))), nuF_(readScalar(coeffsDict_.lookup("nuF"))), nuO_(readScalar(coeffsDict_.lookup("nuO"))), phi_(0.0), stOF_(0.0) { dimensionedScalar stof(thermo.lookup("stoichiometricAirFuelMassRatio")); stOF_=stof.value(); if (!thermo_.composition().contains("ft")) { phi_=readScalar(coeffsDict_.lookup("phi")); } } airmix::~airmix() { } void airmix::correct(const volScalarField& T) { const scalar MO2=32; const volScalarField& b_ = thermo_.composition().Y("b"); const volScalarField& rho = //thermo_.rho(); //thermo.rho has uncorrected BC's! Do not use T.db().lookupObject<volScalarField>("rho"); //lookup returns rho field from top level solver if (thermo_.composition().contains("ft")) { const volScalarField& ft=thermo_.composition().Y("ft"); forAll(omega_, I) { scalar maxYF= ft[I]; scalar YF= b_[I]*ft[I] +(1.0  b_[I])*max(thermo_.composition().fres(ft[I], stOF_), 0.0); scalar YO2= 0.233005 * (1.0  ft[I]  (ft[I]  YF)*stOF_); omega_[I]=maxYF>SMALL ? 1e3* // from cgs A_ * nuF_ * MF_ *pow( 1e3*rho[I]*YF / MF_, nuF_ ) // rho is kg/m^3, change to cgs *pow( 1e3*rho[I]*YO2 / MO2, nuO_ ) *exp(TA_/T[I]) /maxYF : 0.0; } forAll(omega_.boundaryField(), bI) forAll(omega_.boundaryField()[bI], fI) { scalar maxYF= ft.boundaryField()[bI][fI]; scalar YF= b_.boundaryField()[bI][fI]*ft.boundaryField()[bI][fI] +(1.0  b_.boundaryField()[bI][fI])* max(thermo_.composition().fres(ft.boundaryField()[bI][fI], stOF_), 0.0); scalar YO2= 0.233005 * (1.0  ft.boundaryField()[bI][fI]  (ft.boundaryField()[bI][fI]  YF)*stOF_); omega_.boundaryField()[bI][fI]=maxYF > SMALL ? 1e3* A_ * nuF_ * MF_ *pow( 1e3*rho.boundaryField()[bI][fI]*YF / MF_, nuF_ ) *pow( 1e3*rho.boundaryField()[bI][fI]*YO2 / MO2, nuO_ ) *exp(TA_/T.boundaryField()[bI][fI]) /maxYF : 0.0; } } else { scalar maxYF=1.0/((stOF_/phi_)+1.0); scalar YLex=1.0  maxYF  stOF_*maxYF; forAll(omega_, I) { scalar YF = maxYF * b_[I]; scalar YO2 = 0.233005 * (1.0  maxYF) * b_[I] + 0.233005 * YLex * (1.0  b_[I]); omega_[I]=1e3* // from cgs A_ * nuF_ * MF_ *pow( 1e3*rho[I]*YF / MF_, nuF_ ) // rho is kg/m^3, change to cgs *pow( 1e3*rho[I]*YO2 / MO2, nuO_ ) *exp(TA_/T[I]) /maxYF; } forAll(omega_.boundaryField(), bI) forAll(omega_.boundaryField()[bI], fI) { scalar YF = maxYF * b_.boundaryField()[bI][fI]; scalar YO2 = 0.233005 * (1.0  maxYF) * b_.boundaryField()[bI][fI] + 0.233005 * YLex * (1.0  b_.boundaryField()[bI][fI]); omega_.boundaryField()[bI][fI]=1e3* A_ * nuF_ * MF_ *pow( 1e3*rho.boundaryField()[bI][fI]*YF / MF_, nuF_ ) *pow( 1e3*rho.boundaryField()[bI][fI]*YO2 / MO2, nuO_ ) *exp(TA_/T.boundaryField()[bI][fI]) /maxYF; } } } } 

January 20, 2011, 15:32 

#2 
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Hi,
It seems they refer to this: Wb=−A*[Fuel]^nuF*[O2]^nuO*exp(−TA/T) If so, does anyone know the exact values for propane? Thanks, gk 

June 14, 2014, 10:26 

#3 
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remi
Join Date: May 2014
Location: China
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Hi,
I know it's been a while, but did you find the answers to your questions? I came across the same code for thickened flame model, and was trying to adapt it to OF2.2 or OF2.3. Any idea on where to start? (XiFoam I thought). Thanks, Remi 

January 20, 2015, 02:18 

#4  
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remi
Join Date: May 2014
Location: China
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Thought I'd give some feedback on this old post, as I've been working on the TF model recently:
Quote:
The constants refer to: W= A*NuF*MF*[(rho*YF/WF)^NuF]*[(rho*YO/WO)^NuO]*exp(Ta/T) Values for propane are: A=1.65.10^11 cgs Ta=15080K NuF=0.5 NuO=1 WF=44 WO=32 Source: Dynamically thickened flame LES model for premixed and nonpremixed turbulent combustion. By J.P. Legier, T.Poisont and D.Veynante. I have updated the thickened flame model to OF222, and compiled successfully the new solver. However, I encounter a problem when setting NuF to 0.5 : immediate simulation crash: Floating point exception (core dumped) Changing the coefficient to 1 solves the problem, and there seems to be a limit around 0.7. I assume it has to do with the calculation of Omega in airmix.C, but can't find how. Was there any major change from OF16 to OF222 that should be taken care of when adapting an old solver (in mesh, chemistry, units, etc..?). I can send the solver to those interested in this problem. Best, R. 

February 2, 2015, 12:55 

#5 
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Younis Najim
Join Date: Apr 2013
Location: Michigan State University
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Hi Remi,
Would you please send me the code on this email (younisengmsu@gmail.com). I'm currently working methane/air combustion in closed channel using TFM in Fluent. Thanks 

February 2, 2015, 22:31 

#6 
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remi
Join Date: May 2014
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Sure thing Younis.
Little upgrade on the code situation: I located the problem causing the simulation crash, and changed a little the airmix.C file in order to fix it, even though the file itself was well coded originally. I think that at some point, the b field's minimum value might become a negative number ( 1.0e08 or something), thus leading to negative values for species mass fraction, and a NaN value as soon as the term [Fuel]^nuF*[O2]^nuO is calculated, if NuF or NuO are not integers. Thus, to avoid the problem (a real study should be conducted to see where it comes from though..), I added some max functions in the airmix file that has been linked by the original poster, as follow: omega_[I]=maxYF>SMALL ? 1e3* // from cgs A_ * nuF_ * MF_ *pow( max(1e3*rho[I]*YF / MF_,0), nuF_ ) // rho is kg/m^3, change to cgs *pow( max(1e3*rho[I]*YO2 / MO2,0), nuO_ ) *exp(TA_/T[I]) /maxYF : 0.0; Instead of emailing I tried uploading it here, tell me if you got everything. Best, Remi 

February 5, 2015, 22:08 

#7 
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Younis Najim
Join Date: Apr 2013
Location: Michigan State University
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Thank you Remi.


May 5, 2015, 04:39 
TF model

#8  
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Kai Zheng
Join Date: May 2015
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Quote:
I'm also working the premixed methane/air flame propagating in duct using the TF model and flame surface density (FSD) model in Fluent, but it seems that the premixed flame propagating very slow using the TF model, did you meet the same problem? 

June 30, 2015, 15:53 

#9 
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Younis Najim
Join Date: Apr 2013
Location: Michigan State University
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Hi Zheng,
Sorry for my late reply. This is due to the turbulent flame speed model which is a function of flow parameters, geometry, initial conditions, and so on. What I know from ANSYS tutorial is the turbulent flame speed has to be set accurately when you work with TFM. Try to use MetghalchiKeck for laminar flame speeds (material>properties>laminar flame speed> MetghalchiKeck>type of fuel you are using. Is the your combustion chamber closed or open/parially open? thanks Y. Najim 

July 27, 2015, 09:47 

#10 
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Join Date: Feb 2015
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Hi Foamers,
Can someone explain me why in the airmix.C file a 1e+3 conversion is exploited for the preexponential constant A? In my opinion this constant should be proportional to the order of the reaction.. Stefano 

June 9, 2016, 07:15 
ATF : thermophysicalProperties

#11 
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Join Date: Feb 2014
Posts: 43
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Hi All,
I am trying to use ATF model to simulate premixed methane flame. I need to know how to modify the thermophysicalProperties dictionary. I am having some troubles understanding the entry nMoles. Code:
reactants { specie { nMoles 42.7719; molWeight 29.48; } thermodynamics { Tlow 200; Thigh 5000; Tcommon 1000; highCpCoeffs (3.26219 1.90578e03 6.70778e07 1.11111e10 6.95161e15 1.54131e+03 4.51236); lowCpCoeffs (3.19463 2.23757e03 2.87044e06 3.71954e09 1.67996e12 1.47394e+03 4.96249); } transport { As 1.67212e06; Ts 170.672; } } Because I think nMoles has to be 1, considering one mole of reactants is used. Can someone please help me here what is going on with nMoles entry? 

June 21, 2016, 08:20 
myATF  ftEqn and ft field

#12 
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Join Date: Feb 2014
Posts: 43
Rep Power: 4 
Hi remir all,
Does anyone know what exactly is the purpose of ftEqn.H file is. And in the test case that was kindly provided by remir there is a file "ft" What exactly is the purpose of that file? Can someone who has used this solver please help me here. Thanks a lot. 

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