Convergence criteria
Hi to all!
does anybody know how are the residuals defined in openFoam? Which kinds of residuals is it possible to use? And..is it possible to use as convergence criteria the values of a force coefficient (lift coefficient, drag coefficient)? Thanks in advance Simone 
Does anyone have some idea?

Hi Simone, check appendix A of this paper:
http://www.cimec.org.ar/ojs/index.ph...File/3263/3186 Regards. 
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With RANS however, there is no guaranty that if Cl or Cd stabilize at a certain value, the solution is converged as well. But if the solution is converged, you can be sure of the values for Cl and Cd being correct. Or said differently, you can't be sure that you have obtained the correct values for Cl and Cd as long as you don't check the residuals... 
Dear Lieven, my situation is the following:
I've been running some simulations with prescribed convergence criteria for the residuals of U and p. I was actually almost sure that, when those criteria were reached, the coefficients would be stabilized as well, but they weren't. So, what I've done was running a simulation without convergence criteria (and for many more iterations than the previous simulations) and check when the force coefficients were stabilized by plotting them. Finally, what I'm doing now is running the simulations again for a prescribed number of iterations, that guarantees both the satisfaction of the residuals and of the coefficients. I only wanted to know if there was some way to automate all the process, and so I'll check the appendix suggested by santiago as soon as possible. Do you think my reasoning is correct? Cheers Simone 
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What you could do is figure out the size of the residuals when you are fully converged. Then set the convergence criteria to a value 10x higher than the convergedresiduals (e.g. is the latter is 1e14, set it to 1e12 or 13. This won't make a lot of difference. Just don't think that if residuals drop 4 or 5 orders of magnitude that the solution is converged, this is in general simply not true (although this is what you read in manuals). You can still set a maximum number of iterations but if convergence is reached sooner, the simulation will stop earlier. Kind regards, L 
Well Lieven thanks again for your reply.. What maybe I don't have underlined enough is that the stabilization of the coefficient needs a higher number of iterations than those requested from the simple "convergence of the residuals"; in this new situation the residuals are then far smaller then my "first" simulations when I didn't look at the stabilization of the coefficient.
with this clarification does my reasoning looks more correct for you? Thanks again Simone 
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Greetz, L 
2 Attachment(s)
Hi all
In a similar line of questioning, i am trying a 2d model of a foil in openFoam, steady state with a simpleFoam solver When i initially set my residuals, the tolerance was very high. And i set my iterations to a overly large value (>15000). What i noticed is that my Cl and Cd values leveled off fairly early, but the tolerance of my U and P meant the solver kept on running. No matter the number of iterations the U and P residuals would not drop. they also flattened out between 1e4 and 1e5 for U while P never dropped under 0.01. My question is then can i not calculate my Cl and Cd residuals and use that as a cut off value? Check out the residual plot and Cl and Cd plot in attachment Thanks 
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