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Cannot run the code properly: very large time step continuity error

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Old   January 17, 2014, 05:40
Default Cannot run the code properly: very large time step continuity error
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Steven
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Hi all,

I am still very new to OpenFOAM. Currently I'm using OpenFOAM 2.2.2 and I've finished doing all of the tutorials given in the user guide. I want to model a basic data center configuration. My supervisor recommended me to base my model on the "hotRoom" tutorial using buoyantBoussinesqSimpleFoam as the solver.

Initially, I had been able to run the simulation smoothly using just natural convection. Now, I incorporate some cool air raised from the floor in order to introduce forced convection cooling to the room. I met no problem when generating the mesh, but I got problems when I run the code. I have tried to fix it a lot of times, but still end up with the same error messages as follow.

Code:
Time = 6

DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.192382, Final residual = 0.00139781, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.328512, Final residual = 0.00357734, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.281499, Final residual = 0.00392744, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for T, Initial residual = 0.000289576, Final residual = 6.58994e-06, No Iterations 1
DICPCG:  Solving for p_rgh, Initial residual = 0.999852, Final residual = 27153.3, No Iterations 1001
time step continuity errors : sum local = 1.90649e+33, global = 4.30234e+27, cumulative = 4.30429e+27
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for epsilon, Initial residual = 0.0588009, Final residual = 2.80475e-06, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for k, Initial residual = 0.086828, Final residual = 0.00649997, No Iterations 1
ExecutionTime = 62.06 s  ClockTime = 64 s

Time = 7

DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.000934178, Final residual = 7.98045e-06, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.00368795, Final residual = 5.94455e-05, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.00220201, Final residual = 1.0352e-05, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for T, Initial residual = 0.318863, Final residual = 0.0149065, No Iterations 1
DICPCG:  Solving for p_rgh, Initial residual = 1, Final residual = 0.0094375, No Iterations 19
time step continuity errors : sum local = 2.49073e+89, global = 3.75377e+88, cumulative = 3.75377e+88
#0  Foam::error::printStack(Foam::Ostream&) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libOpenFOAM.so"
#1  Foam::sigFpe::sigHandler(int) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libOpenFOAM.so"
#2  Uninterpreted: 
#3  Foam::PBiCG::solve(Foam::Field<double>&, Foam::Field<double> const&, unsigned char) const in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libOpenFOAM.so"
#4  Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solveSegregated(Foam::dictionary const&) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libfiniteVolume.so"
#5  Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solve(Foam::dictionary const&) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/bin/buoyantBoussinesqSimpleFoam"
#6  Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solve() in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libincompressibleRASModels.so"
#7  Foam::incompressible::RASModels::kEpsilon::correct() in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libincompressibleRASModels.so"
#8  
 in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/bin/buoyantBoussinesqSimpleFoam"
#9  __libc_start_main in "/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libc.so.6"
#10  
 in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/bin/buoyantBoussinesqSimpleFoam"
Floating point exception (core dumped)
I have no idea on what is going on. One thing I notice is the very very huge time step continuity errors, and I know that there must be something wrong in my code. However, I have no more idea on how to fix this problem.

Could anybody please help me?? I have attached several files which I think are the main cause of the error.


Kind regards,

Steven



epsilon.txt

k.txt

p_rgh.txt

U.txt

fvSolution.txt

Last edited by wyldckat; February 22, 2014 at 06:14. Reason: Added [CODE][/CODE]
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Old   January 17, 2014, 06:22
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I forgot to clear all of the comments I put inside the files I've attached.
My apologize for that. Just ignore them .

Cheers
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Old   January 17, 2014, 06:35
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Do your inlets and outlets allow for the same mass flow? I.e. are you putting in the same flux as you are taking out?
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Old   January 17, 2014, 08:45
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Hi Anton,

Thanks for your reply. Yes, I have employed mass continuity equation for the air velocity at inlets and outlets. I set the inlets and outlets to a particular temperature, so that I can determine the density variation and hence the velocity for each of them (the area for inlets and outlets are equal in magnitude). However, I rounded up the value up to 4 significant figures. Does it affect the result and causing error?

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Old   February 19, 2014, 10:07
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Quote:
Originally Posted by crst15 View Post
Hi all,

Code:
Time = 6

DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.192382, Final residual = 0.00139781, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.328512, Final residual = 0.00357734, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.281499, Final residual = 0.00392744, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for T, Initial residual = 0.000289576, Final residual = 6.58994e-06, No Iterations 1
DICPCG:  Solving for p_rgh, Initial residual = 0.999852, Final residual = 27153.3, No Iterations 1001
time step continuity errors : sum local = 1.90649e+33, global = 4.30234e+27, cumulative = 4.30429e+27
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for epsilon, Initial residual = 0.0588009, Final residual = 2.80475e-06, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for k, Initial residual = 0.086828, Final residual = 0.00649997, No Iterations 1
ExecutionTime = 62.06 s  ClockTime = 64 s

Time = 7

DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.000934178, Final residual = 7.98045e-06, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.00368795, Final residual = 5.94455e-05, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.00220201, Final residual = 1.0352e-05, No Iterations 1
DILUPBiCG:  Solving for T, Initial residual = 0.318863, Final residual = 0.0149065, No Iterations 1
DICPCG:  Solving for p_rgh, Initial residual = 1, Final residual = 0.0094375, No Iterations 19
time step continuity errors : sum local = 2.49073e+89, global = 3.75377e+88, cumulative = 3.75377e+88
#0  Foam::error::printStack(Foam::Ostream&) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libOpenFOAM.so"
#1  Foam::sigFpe::sigHandler(int) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libOpenFOAM.so"
#2  Uninterpreted: 
#3  Foam::PBiCG::solve(Foam::Field<double>&, Foam::Field<double> const&, unsigned char) const in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libOpenFOAM.so"
#4  Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solveSegregated(Foam::dictionary const&) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libfiniteVolume.so"
#5  Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solve(Foam::dictionary const&) in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/bin/buoyantBoussinesqSimpleFoam"
#6  Foam::fvMatrix<double>::solve() in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libincompressibleRASModels.so"
#7  Foam::incompressible::RASModels::kEpsilon::correct() in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/lib/libincompressibleRASModels.so"
#8  
 in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/bin/buoyantBoussinesqSimpleFoam"
#9  __libc_start_main in "/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libc.so.6"
#10  
 in "/opt/openfoam222/platforms/linuxGccDPOpt/bin/buoyantBoussinesqSimpleFoam"
Floating point exception (core dumped)
I have no idea on what is going on. One thing I notice is the very very huge time step continuity errors, and I know that there must be something wrong in my code. However, I have no more idea on how to fix this problem.

Could anybody please help me?? I have attached several files which I think are the main cause of the error.


Kind regards,

Steven


Hi Steven ,

Did you manage to get a solution to your problem of high time step errors, I am also facing the same errors.
Code:
Time = 1

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 1, Final residual = 0.0422091, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 1, Final residual = 0.030476, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 1, Final residual = 0.0306028, No Iterations 2
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1, Final residual = 0.134351, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.691177, Final residual = 0.0125443, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.055563, Final residual = 0.00557511, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0220327, Final residual = 0.00114917, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0159711, Final residual = 0.00917452, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0187368, Final residual = 0.00188332, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 1.54575, global = 0.135485, cumulative = 0.135485
ExecutionTime = 46.8 s  ClockTime = 47 s

Time = 2

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.451668, Final residual = 0.028682, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.751694, Final residual = 0.0484893, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.714429, Final residual = 0.0431807, No Iterations 2
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.22116, Final residual = 0.00557813, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.249683, Final residual = 0.00707944, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0734626, Final residual = 0.00226722, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.024608, Final residual = 0.00154313, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0104501, Final residual = 0.00039303, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.00496492, Final residual = 0.000300146, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 0.075618, global = -0.00192783, cumulative = 0.133557
ExecutionTime = 82.56 s  ClockTime = 83 s

Time = 3

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.193993, Final residual = 0.0125072, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.292282, Final residual = 0.0178138, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.248495, Final residual = 0.0144195, No Iterations 2
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.257503, Final residual = 0.00678077, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.364373, Final residual = 0.00410846, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.072356, Final residual = 0.00315433, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0276443, Final residual = 0.00105369, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0124894, Final residual = 0.000895709, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.00933875, Final residual = 0.000367333, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 0.121702, global = 0.0140299, cumulative = 0.147587
ExecutionTime = 118.29 s  ClockTime = 118 s

Time = 4

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.12122, Final residual = 0.00895779, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.141129, Final residual = 0.00892482, No Iterations 2
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.119265, Final residual = 0.00762635, No Iterations 2
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.256797, Final residual = 0.00561705, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.135723, Final residual = 0.000590494, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0450871, Final residual = 0.00114046, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.00622627, Final residual = 0.000147822, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.00502869, Final residual = 6.77996e-05, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.00374468, Final residual = 3.62683e-05, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 0.210205, global = 0.0591626, cumulative = 0.20675
ExecutionTime = 153.99 s  ClockTime = 154 s

Time = 5

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.269691, Final residual = 0.00476426, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.254113, Final residual = 0.00455208, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.25261, Final residual = 0.00443524, No Iterations 4
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.0143989, Final residual = 0.000155821, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.000232032, Final residual = 6.96373e-07, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 0.00017752, Final residual = 1.75389e-06, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 7.55826e-05, Final residual = 6.34178e-07, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 8.81612e-05, Final residual = 8.39305e-07, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 7.70637e-05, Final residual = 7.11628e-07, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 2.85601, global = 0.77367, cumulative = 0.980419
ExecutionTime = 190.23 s  ClockTime = 190 s

Time = 6

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.29682, Final residual = 0.00460685, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.293445, Final residual = 0.00429992, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.299224, Final residual = 0.00440848, No Iterations 4
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 9.35095e-05, Final residual = 1.09954e-06, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 4.91151e-06, Final residual = 4.30099e-08, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 8.06364e-06, Final residual = 1.08889e-07, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 4.85845e-06, Final residual = 6.03338e-08, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 5.74193e-06, Final residual = 7.29363e-08, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 5.16892e-06, Final residual = 6.34448e-08, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 77.6375, global = 23.7415, cumulative = 24.7219
ExecutionTime = 226.48 s  ClockTime = 227 s

Time = 7

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.318025, Final residual = 0.00485944, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.319293, Final residual = 0.00491225, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.321538, Final residual = 0.0049102, No Iterations 4
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 5.87032e-06, Final residual = 6.7756e-08, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 2.36787e-07, Final residual = 1.64937e-09, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 4.45469e-07, Final residual = 4.81168e-09, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 2.28813e-07, Final residual = 2.19573e-09, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 2.69278e-07, Final residual = 2.80125e-09, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 2.37724e-07, Final residual = 2.25178e-09, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 1284.9, global = 278.963, cumulative = 303.685
ExecutionTime = 262.78 s  ClockTime = 263 s

Time = 8

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.311316, Final residual = 0.00514459, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.315939, Final residual = 0.00511636, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.320675, Final residual = 0.00517196, No Iterations 4
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 3.33222e-07, Final residual = 6.01642e-09, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.04966e-08, Final residual = 2.08452e-10, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.98828e-08, Final residual = 5.56181e-10, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.1944e-08, Final residual = 3.33406e-10, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.39477e-08, Final residual = 3.59735e-10, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.24737e-08, Final residual = 2.85011e-10, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 67282.6, global = 12498.2, cumulative = 12801.9
ExecutionTime = 298.53 s  ClockTime = 299 s

Time = 9

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.321623, Final residual = 0.00491377, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.324749, Final residual = 0.00493128, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.328151, Final residual = 0.0049728, No Iterations 4
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.74395e-08, Final residual = 1.91872e-10, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 6.3535e-10, Final residual = 5.90779e-12, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.16615e-09, Final residual = 1.47742e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 5.85987e-10, Final residual = 7.23812e-12, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 6.90344e-10, Final residual = 1.02724e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 6.25039e-10, Final residual = 8.83031e-12, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 953861, global = 176059, cumulative = 188861
ExecutionTime = 335.09 s  ClockTime = 336 s

Time = 10

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.314423, Final residual = 0.00535151, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.319104, Final residual = 0.00540234, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.324228, Final residual = 0.00544633, No Iterations 4
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.42342e-08, Final residual = 2.40163e-10, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 3.85046e-10, Final residual = 9.44379e-12, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 7.06354e-10, Final residual = 2.04228e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 4.03936e-10, Final residual = 1.17704e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 4.79926e-10, Final residual = 1.53423e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 4.42188e-10, Final residual = 1.16098e-11, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 4.0144e+07, global = 5.41432e+06, cumulative = 5.60318e+06
ExecutionTime = 371.52 s  ClockTime = 372 s

Time = 11

smoothSolver:  Solving for Ux, Initial residual = 0.317013, Final residual = 0.00480118, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uy, Initial residual = 0.320907, Final residual = 0.00484383, No Iterations 4
smoothSolver:  Solving for Uz, Initial residual = 0.324356, Final residual = 0.00487736, No Iterations 4
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 3.42875e-08, Final residual = 4.90087e-10, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 9.60001e-10, Final residual = 1.46431e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 2.01496e-09, Final residual = 5.44019e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.05359e-09, Final residual = 1.75239e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.24825e-09, Final residual = 2.67017e-11, No Iterations 100
DICPCG:  Solving for p, Initial residual = 1.14462e-09, Final residual = 2.11082e-11, No Iterations 100
time step continuity errors : sum local = 6.98003e+08, global = 1.12935e+08, cumulative = 1.18538e+08
ExecutionTime = 407.69 s  ClockTime = 408 s

Last edited by wyldckat; February 22, 2014 at 06:14. Reason: Added [CODE][/CODE]
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Old   February 21, 2014, 04:35
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Hi Himanshu,

Yes, finally I was able to solve the problem. If I'm not mistaken, I either put wrong boundary conditions or several boundary conditions did not suit well to the case I was simulating. However, Anton's suggestion about mass continuity also plays important role to make sure small continuity error.

What are you simulating? Maybe just put more detail about your case since it's hard to guess what's going on just from your post.

Cheers
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Old   February 21, 2014, 21:49
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Recalculate your time step with ref to Courant number, speed and the cell size.

You should be fine. Chose the mesh size based on max U and minimum cell size or vise versa.
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Last edited by wyldckat; February 22, 2014 at 06:13. Reason: merged two posts, since they were posted 1 minute apart
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Old   February 21, 2014, 22:09
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And also make sure your meshes are ok. Try to type "checkmesh" in command window and see the results. Last time I got problem because some of my meshes were not properly generated.
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Old   December 12, 2014, 10:16
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Also ensure uniform mesh near the movingWall. Grading of 1 in an interior domain created near the wall. Others can be graded.
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Old   December 14, 2014, 19:17
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Use laplaceFaceDecomposition in you dynamicMesh solver with motionU.
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