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interFoam - stratified flow - problem with shear stress at interface

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Old   December 2, 2009, 08:23
Unhappy interFoam - stratified flow - problem with shear stress at interface
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Anja Miehe
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Dear Foamers,

I have a problem when simulating stratified flow of transformer oil and water with interFoam.

I simulate in a 2D channel of width 0.1 m and 6 m length. The interface shall be at 0.05 m, so at 50 %. Water is the denser fluid, so at the bottom of the channel, and the transformer oil the lighter fluid. I start the simulation with a wall of zero thickness (splitMesh) at the interface to ensure the Poiseuille profile (see Folder 01_Poiseuille in tar). The analytic solution is matched perfectly (see Poiseuille_TransformerOil_Water.pdf).
Then I take the last step as the starting point for the simulation without a wall. The resulting profile is in general not bad, but it does not match. Without any change in the profile I tried the following: run a longer simulation time (*1.5); enlarge the length of the channel (+ 2 m); enlarge number of cells in length (*1.5); enlarge number of cells in cross section (*1.5); schemes of 2nd order; surface correction factor from 1 to 0 (see TowPhaseFlow.pdf).
The problem seems to be the shear stress compatibility condition at the interface (continuity of shear stress at the interface) (see ShearStress.pdf).

I am waiting and hoping for your advice.
Anja
Attached Files
File Type: pdf Poiseuille_TransformerOil_Water.pdf (7.8 KB, 76 views)
File Type: pdf ShearStress.pdf (5.3 KB, 81 views)
File Type: pdf TwoPhaseFlow.pdf (13.0 KB, 83 views)
File Type: gz stratifiedFlow.tar.gz (25.3 KB, 56 views)
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Old   December 9, 2009, 04:27
Default Another Try for stratified flow
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Anja Miehe
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Hello everybody,

I tried the two phase stratified, laminar flow for water treated as two different phases, a water-similar oil (HT350) and water and for water and air. Using water for both phases works perfectly, HT350 and water too, as their properties are very similar. Air and water is even worse than the transformer oil from above.

I am not sure if that is a problem with the simulation or with the coding of the interface treatment. If anybody has an idea, it is very welcome.

Thanks, Anja

TwoPhase_Water.pdf

TwoPhase_OilHT350.pdf

TwoPhase_Air.pdf

Last edited by AnjaMiehe; December 9, 2009 at 09:28.
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Old   June 10, 2010, 09:39
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Hi, i m trying to simulate a two-phases Poiseuille flow like you but i have some problems. The water-air interface is not stable: the flow is not stratified. I setted up a case with: inlet / outlet boundary with a pressure drop and top / bottom wall (there's no gravity). How can i solve this problem and simulate a stratified flow?

Thanks in advance

Emanuele

EDIT: i have seen your attached file right now. Thanks

RE-EDIT : i dont understand this part of how to
- change /constant/polyMesh/boundary
between faceSet command and splitMesh. I n what way i have to modify the boundary file??

RE-RE-EDIT: solved reading this post Internal walls of zero thickness

Last edited by nuovodna; June 10, 2010 at 10:39.
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Old   June 10, 2010, 11:46
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How can you obtained a no-zero value of U along the interface?? I setted U at fixedValue (0 0 0) and obviously at the interface U values are 0.
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Old   June 10, 2010, 12:38
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I made a new mesh but i have a problem with splitMesh: it returns this error

Code:
--> FOAM FATAL ERROR: 
Face 1024 in faceSet interface is not an internal face.

I attach my case
Attached Files
File Type: zip Poiseuille_case14.zip (34.8 KB, 12 views)
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Old   June 11, 2010, 02:29
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Hey Emanuele,

thanks for your interest in my work. I would like to ask you to do some steps the next time you post your case. Every command you enter in OpenFOAM will lead to a message on the terminal, if you do the commands as, for example,
  • faceset |tee log.faceset
you can see the message on the terminal and have a log file where you can read it and post it here, too. It is far easier to find the fault this way.

In general, I did two different simulations. First, I simulate the velocity profile with a baffle (wall of zero thickness in OpenFOAM) seperating the two fluids. I obtained the two Poiseuille-Profiles. I did this to avoid the development of a wavy interface. With these results I deleted the interface (that is the entry for the two faces in the file of the time step to continue with) and continued to obtain the multiphase flow velocity profile.

Additionally, I did not start with air right away because of some problems in setting up the case.. Therefore I started with water-water, water-waterLikeOil, water-HeavyOil and at last water-air as the difference in properties increases this way. I also did not use gravity, but surface tension.

Please find attached my water-air case. In the post, probably in the afternoon, I will also write the commands and files together for the mesh with internal face walls (baffles).
Due to a securty error, I cannot upload the tar.gz of my case. Please write me a mail to get the files.

Hope it does help. Best wishes Anja

Last edited by AnjaMiehe; June 11, 2010 at 08:07.
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Old   June 11, 2010, 08:55
Default How I did my mesh
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Anja Miehe
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My constant/polyMesh/blockMeshDict is:

Code:
 /*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  1.6                                   |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      http://www.OpenFOAM.org               |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
FoamFile
{
    version     2.0;
    format      ascii;
    class       dictionary;
    object      blockMeshDict;
}
// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //

convertToMeters 1.0;

vertices        
(
    (0 0 0)
    (6 0 0)
    (6 0.001 0)
    (0 0.001 0)
    (0 0 0.05)
    (6 0 0.05)
    (6 0.001 0.05)
    (0 0.001 0.05)
    (0 0 0.1)
    (6 0 0.1)
    (6 0.001 0.1)
    (0 0.001 0.1)
);

blocks          
(
    hex (0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7) (600 1 50) simpleGrading (1 1 1)
    hex (4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11) (600 1 50) simpleGrading (1 1 1)
);

edges           
(
);

patches         
(
    wall top 
    (
        (8 9 10 11)
    )
    wall bottom 
    (
        (0 3 2 1)
    )
    patch inletWater
    (
    (0 4 7 3)
    )
    patch inletAir
    (
    (4 8 11 7)
    )
    patch outletWater
    (
    (2 6 5 1)
    )
    patch outletAir
    (
    (5 6 10 9)
    )
    empty frontAndBack 
    (
    (6 7 11 10)
        (7 6 2 3)
    (4 5 9 8)
    (0 1 5 4)
    )
);

mergePatchPairs 
(
);

// ************************************************************************* //
The command I use is: blockMesh |tee log.blockMesh
The log.blockMesh file does look like:

Code:
/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  1.6                                   |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      www.OpenFOAM.org                      |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
Build  : 1.6-f802ff2d6c5a
Exec   : blockMesh
Date   : Jun 11 2010
Time   : 14:15:10
Host   : hugo163
PID    : 21816
Case   : /home/anja/01_Einlauf
nProcs : 1
SigFpe : Enabling floating point exception trapping (FOAM_SIGFPE).

// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //
Create time


Creating block mesh from
    "/home/anja/01_Einlauf/constant/polyMesh/blockMeshDict"


Creating blockCorners

Creating curved edges

Creating blocks

Creating patches

Creating block mesh topology

Default patch type set to empty

Check block mesh topology

        Basic statistics
                Number of internal faces : 1
                Number of boundary faces : 10
                Number of defined boundary faces : 10
                Number of undefined boundary faces : 0

        Checking patch -> block consistency

Creating block offsets

Creating merge list .

Creating points with scale 1

Creating cells

Creating patches

Creating mesh from block mesh

Default patch type set to empty

Writing polyMesh

End
Create a system/faceSetDict like:

Code:
/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  1.6                                   |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      http://www.OpenFOAM.org               |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
FoamFile
{
    version     2.0;
    format      ascii;
    class       dictionary;
    object      faceSetDict;
}

// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //

// Name of set to operate on
name interface;

// One of clear/new/invert/add/delete|subset/list
action new;

// Actions to apply to pointSet. These are all the topoSetSource's ending
// in ..ToFace (see the meshTools library).
topoSetSources
(
    // Faces with face centre within box
    boxToFace
    {
        box  (0 0 0.0499) (6.0 0.001 0.0501);
    }
);

// ************************************************************************* //
The command I use is: faceSet |tee log.faceSet
The log.faceSet file does look like:

Code:
/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  1.6                                   |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      www.OpenFOAM.org                      |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
Build  : 1.6-f802ff2d6c5a
Exec   : faceSet
Date   : Jun 11 2010
Time   : 14:17:14
Host   : hugo163
PID    : 22251
Case   : /home/anja/01_Einlauf
nProcs : 1
SigFpe : Enabling floating point exception trapping (FOAM_SIGFPE).

// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //
Create time

Create polyMesh for time = 0

Reading faceSetDict

Backing up interface into interface_old
Set:interface  Size:0  Action:new
    Adding faces with centre within box (0 0 0.0499) (6 0.001 0.0501)
Writing interface (size 600) to "constant/polyMesh/sets/interface"

End
The size must be exactly the number of cells in x direction for the case at hand. Goto file constant/polyMesh/faces:

Code:
/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  1.6                                   |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      www.OpenFOAM.org                      |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
FoamFile
{
    version     2.0;
    format      ascii;
    class       faceList;
    location    "constant/polyMesh";
    object      faces;
}
// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //


240700
(
4(1 602 1804 1203)
4(1202 1203 1804 1803)
4(2 603 1805 1204)
4(1203 1204 1805 1804)
4(3 604 1806 1205)
4(1204 1205 1806 1805)
4(4 605 1807 1206)
4(1205 1206 1807 1806)
4(5 606 1808 1207)
...
...
and get the number 240700. Edit the file constant/polyMesh/boundary to make it look like that (9 instead of 7 because every interface consists of to "surfaces")

Code:
/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  1.6                                   |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      www.OpenFOAM.org                      |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
FoamFile
{
    version     2.0;
    format      ascii;
    class       polyBoundaryMesh;
    location    "constant/polyMesh";
    object      boundary;
}
// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //

9 //!!!!! beause of the two new faces
(
    top
    {
        type            wall;
        nFaces          600;
        startFace       119300;
    }
    bottom
    {
        type            wall;
        nFaces          600;
        startFace       119900;
    }
    inletWater
    {
        type            patch;
        nFaces          50;
        startFace       120500;
    }
    inletAir
    {
        type            patch;
        nFaces          50;
        startFace       120550;
    }
    outletWater
    {
        type            patch;
        nFaces          50;
        startFace       120600;
    }
    outletAir
    {
        type            patch;
        nFaces          50;
        startFace       120650;
    }
    frontAndBack
    {
        type            empty;
        nFaces          120000;
        startFace       120700;
    }                 // !! here the new faces
    interface_up
    {
        type            patch;
        nFaces          0;
        startFace       240700; // number from /constant/polyMesh/faces
    }
    interface_down
    {
        type            patch;
        nFaces          0;
        startFace       240700;
    }
)

// ************************************************************************* //
The splitMesh command is in general: splitMesh faceSet newface1 newface2
The newface1/2 are form the boundary file and will be the new boundaries. The command here is therefore: splitMesh interface interface_up interface_down |tee log.splitMesh
and the log.splitMesh file does look like:

Code:
/*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  1.6                                   |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      www.OpenFOAM.org                      |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
Build  : 1.6-f802ff2d6c5a
Exec   : splitMesh interface interface_up interface_down
Date   : Jun 11 2010
Time   : 14:27:58
Host   : hugo163
PID    : 24566
Case   : /home/anja/01_Einlauf
nProcs : 1
SigFpe : Enabling floating point exception trapping (FOAM_SIGFPE).

// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //
Create time

Create polyMesh for time = 0

Read 600 faces to split

Adding point and face zones

Constructed topologyModifier:

Splitter
{
    type attachDetach;
    faceZoneName membraneFaces;
    masterPatchName interface_up;
    slavePatchName interface_down;
    triggerTimes 1(0);
    manualTrigger false;
    active true;
}
Writing mesh to 0.001

end
Now you have to add the new faces interface_up and interface_down to all the boundary files in the folder 0 with the properties you want to have, for example a wall in my case

last: do a checkMesh |tee log.checkMesh

to be sure that everything went well
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Old   June 14, 2010, 06:44
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The wrong part in my case is the faceSet command: i obtain a size (122) not equal to x size (16). At this resolution checkMesh fail but if i increase (eg 600) it gives a good output but faceSet still says a wrong size. Perhaps there is something wrong on my blockMesh file. I changed it according to your own and now it works.

Thanks


PS It's important to delete *Zones files in constant/polyMesh before splitMesh command
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Old   June 14, 2010, 06:49
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I am happy that your mesh works now. Hope, that the simulation will too.
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