# Help needed in specifying BC for superconic intake simulation

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October 25, 2012, 07:21
Help needed in specifying BC for superconic intake simulation
#1
Senior Member

KGN
Join Date: Oct 2009
Location: Chennai, India
Posts: 102
Rep Power: 9
Hi all,

I am trying to simulate an axi-symmetric ramjet intake. Plz find the geometry & BC in the attached image.

I am specifying
1. Velocity, static pressure & static pressure for the inlet
2. static pressure at the outlet
3. slip for the wall - since i am doing inviscid flow simulation
4. inletOutlet for the freestream boundary

i am using rhoCentralFoam solver.
I ran the simulation for few time steps and then calculated the "Total pressure" using "ptot" utility at the inlet, but its not matching with the inlet condition. But the Mach number is matching. How?

i.e. @ Inlet specified
static P = 28,562 Pa
static T = 153.81 K
velocity = 542 m/s
(The above values are calculated using isentropic relations)

calculated Total Pressure = 123,343 Pa, but actual value is 296,000 Pa. But the Mach number is matching 2.18

Regards
KGN
Attached Images
 Geo_BC.jpg (49.3 KB, 21 views)

 October 25, 2012, 12:13 #2 Senior Member     Kyle Mooney Join Date: Jul 2009 Location: Amherst, MA USA - San Diego, CA USA Posts: 320 Rep Power: 10 Is it possible that specifying both a pressure drop and velocity inlet boundary condition is over specifying the problem? Maybe try just the pressure drop and see what U field evolves to meet it. I'm no expert in compressible flows so I may be way off on this.

 October 25, 2012, 16:08 #3 Senior Member   Chris Sideroff Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Ottawa, ON, CAN Posts: 391 Rep Power: 13 For supersonic flows you specify all values at inlet and no values at outlet. You can refer to one of the many compressible flow CFD books that show this to be true by examining the characteristic wave propagation. For subsonic flows you specify all values but one and at the outlet only one value. This is why it is quite common for subsonic flows to specify all the velocity components (or velocity magnitude and direction, which is the same thing) but not pressure at the inlet and only pressure at the outlet. -Chris

 October 25, 2012, 23:45 #4 Senior Member   KGN Join Date: Oct 2009 Location: Chennai, India Posts: 102 Rep Power: 9 I figured out the problem. The "ptot" utility is using Bernoulli's equation to calculate the total pressure. So this is for incompressible flows. I used ParaView calculator to calculate the total pressure and the value matched

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