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Pressure Jump Correction. Actuator Disc Model and numerical wiggles

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Old   June 4, 2014, 04:50
Default Pressure Jump Correction. Actuator Disc Model and numerical wiggles
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M. Montero
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Hi all,

I am working over the rotorDisk model implemented over OpenFoam and I have found a critical issue related to the SIMPLE algorithm.
The issue is described in the next paper:

http://orbit.dtu.dk/fedora/objects/o...190785/content

Quote:
Discrete body forces are used in
the present context to model the influence of wind turbines on
the flow. In
order to overcome the pressure wiggles introduced by discre
te body forces,
one approach is to smooth out the body forces by using a Gaussi
an distri-
bution instead of a Dirac delta distribution

]
I found the problem when simulating the same configuration with TI=10% and TI=1% keeping turbulent length scale and wind speed. The TI=10% simulation matches theoretical quite well but TI=1% underpredict the wind speed in the rotor plane and power extraction is even 30 % lower than expected. Here it a picture of what happens.

In the report, he modifies the Rhie-Chow/SIMPLE pressure correction algorithm, but it is possible to overcome this issue by distributing the force around the cell.

I think that the amplitude of the oscillation near the rotor plane is aleatory but could depend on TI, mesh discretization, schemes.... With a TI = 10%, that wiggle is still there but the amplitude of the oscillation is not so high so the error when calculating the angle of attack is not high.

Best Regards
Marcelino
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Old   June 4, 2014, 06:16
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Hi Marcelino

regarding the rotorDisk, do you have a simple test case?

I have made a simple case, but I cannot for the life of me find you why I do not get any radial/tangential vectors from the disk.

There is only axial thrust and everything looks to be fine, but just no radial/tangential vectors.

I can post my case here if you want to have a look.
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Old   June 4, 2014, 07:39
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Hi Linnemann,

What OF version do you use? There were some bugs in OF2.3.0 and before about rotorDiskSource.
http://www.openfoam.org/mantisbt/vie...d=708#bugnotes

Be sure to use last OF2.3.x where this issue was solved and another one about the forces proyection.
I do not have a simple test case that I could share, but feel free to post your case and if I can, I will help you.

About the main topic of the post, it seems it is in relation to this other topic:
interpolation for pressure
and
Propeller dynamics/body force model. In this latter topic, you posted also. The same problem was seen by tstovall

But I do not know how to modify simpleFoam to manage correctly body forces. It would be great if someone could give some support

Best Regards
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Old   June 4, 2014, 07:46
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Ahh

Well I am using 2.3.x but not nearly that new a commit.

I will update and see where that leaves me.

I will also post a simple case for you/others to investigate.
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Old   June 4, 2014, 16:20
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Hi

After the update i get some tangential velocities.

But everything looks very strange, on the old code i got some ok axial thrust.

Now its just a mess.

The propeller rotates around the y axis with the flow direction in the positive y-direction.

Here is a Drive link to the case.
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Old   June 5, 2014, 05:59
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Hi.

I have been using a "personal" updated version of OF2.3.0 where velocity and forces are correctly proyected ( vectors from cartesian CS to cylindrical CS)
fvOptions (RotorDiskSource). How read from File?

In this post it is included the solution proposed by GDTech that works for me.

I attach you a picture where the flow seems ok.

Using OF2.3.x, I thought that the bug fixed proposed by the official site would solve the problem but.....I have used it and I obtain strange AoA distribution and forces like you so .... I will reopen the bug report.
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Old   June 6, 2014, 01:33
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Hi

was that picture made with my small case?
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Old   June 6, 2014, 03:55
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yes, it was but with my own OF2.3.0, not OF2.3.x.
I have modified a little bit the fvOptions file to rotate it as a propeller.
Attached Files
File Type: txt fvOptions.txt (2.4 KB, 114 views)
File Type: zip log.rotor.zip (48.5 KB, 58 views)

Last edited by be_inspired; June 9, 2014 at 05:01.
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Old   October 21, 2014, 14:11
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Dear be_inspired,
I am somewhat new to openFoam and I am trying to set up a case with a main rotor similar to what you have. Would it be posible to ask for some guidance on the set up as there are no examples on how to use this function. I started by modifying heatExchanger, changing fvOption from MFRSource to rotorDisk with its coefficients, and removing the excess. I appreciate your time and I think I can work it out from an example of the ./Allrun and any additional dict file if that is possible.
Thanks
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