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August 22, 2009, 12:44 
viscoelasticFluidFoam

#1 
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Primoz Ternik
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: Maribor, Slovenia
Posts: 65
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Hi Foamers,
Although that certain amount of test cases have been performed by Jovani in his Master Thesis, I am currently testing viscoelasticFluidFoam in 2dimensional geometry. For this reason I have simulated so called "startup flow" of Newtonian and UCM (Upper Convected Maxwell) fluid; it is a transient flow resulting from a sudden application of a spatially constant pressure gradient to a fluid initially at rest as well as a good example of timedependent flow problem amenable to exact mathematical analysis. More can be found in this article: A.S.R. Duarte, A.I.P. Miranda, P.J. Oliveira. Numerical and analytical modeling of unsteady viscoelatics flows: The startup and pulsating test case problem. J. NonNewtonian Fluid Mech. 154 (2008) 153169 In this analysis I have used:
Can anyone (maybee Jovani or Hrvoje) take a look at this and make comments? I hope that I am doing something wrong rather than... Enjoy the weekend, Primoz. 

August 24, 2009, 05:29 

#2 
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Join Date: Jul 2009
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hi hello
i am also very very interessted in non newtonian fluids, the work of Jovani is really great there are more than one or two modells but to you thank you for this data of cases i will study them very intensiv and wirte back good job 

August 24, 2009, 05:53 

#3  
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Primoz Ternik
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: Maribor, Slovenia
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Quote:
thanks for showing interest on this subject. Yes, thanks to Jovani (and I think also to Hrvoje) there are many viscoelastic models to be used in... "Imagination is the limit"! I always (especially, when I am dealing with something new; i.e. OpenFoam, solvers) try to test and validate numerical code, numerical procedure, models... Therefore I think such a test case involving viscoelasticFluidFoam is of great importance not only for me but for everybody out there who is (or will) dealing with viscoelastic fluids! Looking forward for your reply! Enjoy, Primoz. 

September 2, 2009, 19:52 

#4 
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Ray
Join Date: Aug 2009
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These validation / verification activities are excellent.
Unfortunately, the way many of the validation activities take place, it does not tell if it represents "Real Life" scenarios. My team is currently working with the Viscoelastic solver. We are trying to see how well it predicts real life extrusion problems. We are actually working backwards from the product back to the die configuration to understand just how the model variables interact with the product. (This is a highly simplified summary.) To date, we have not encountered any software that truly assists us in the design of complex die configurations. Software such as PolyFLOW, CompuPlast, etc.., have only been mildly effective. Much of it has to do with the proprietary and "closed" nature of the software. We are unable to truly correlate the results to the product. In sum, when the die gets on the floor, there is still lots of die modifications that take place. Unfortunately, none of us have 1/2 the intelligence of those of you posting on this website. So what I can offer to the community is "shop floor" results of the experiments. I just hope that the information I provide is something that is useful for the development of the solvers. If I am not mistaken, that is the whole point of OpenFOAM. Cost savings, cost avoidance, and continuous improvement. Ray 

October 28, 2009, 08:50 

#5 
Member

Hello Primoz,
Sorry for the delay, I most often see the "Viscoelastic Fluid Flows using OpenFOAM The solver viscoelasticFluidFoam" because the advertise by email to replies. But let's to your problem: Your case is well defined and for obtain the Newtonian behavior to UCM lambda zero (1e8 s) case the only changes needed is in relaxationFactors and time step. relaxationFactors make the convergence easy but for unsteady cases this changes the transient solution response, then: relaxationFactors { // U 0.5; // taufirst 0.3; } For have convergence without relaxation you need make the time step (maxDeltaT) smaller, I think 1e4 is enough. The UCM is numerically complicated and psychically not good when compared with PTT, Giesekus, ... . When you simulate UCM lambda not zero problems can occurs, and is better to start with smaller elasticity cases before go on in a new stage. Jovani 

October 28, 2009, 10:48 

#6  
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Primoz Ternik
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: Maribor, Slovenia
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Quote:
Hey Jovani, what a nice surprise ! Thanks for your comments  I will consider them and I hope for the best. Will keep you (and other OF users) informed... Wish U all the best, Primoz. 

November 1, 2009, 05:31 

#7  
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Primoz Ternik
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: Maribor, Slovenia
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Quote:
It is my opinion that only after particular numerical code is well tested and validated (if possible) one should proceed with improving existing or developing new models (viscoelastic, turbulence, heat transfer...) to get to the nature as close as possible. And here I see the experiments as the indispensable tool  comparing numerical results for improved models with experimental one will tell us how good this new (better etc.) model is! Last but not least, if test and validation cases are performed carefully one will not have to question if the numerical code is performing well... So, such a test and validation cases will not resolve "real life scenarios", but they will offer enough confidence in OpenFoam and I see this as useful and important contribution. Regards, Primoz. 

November 2, 2009, 16:22 

#8  
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Primoz Ternik
Join Date: Apr 2009
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Quote:
Hi Jovani, good and bad news ! I have followed your recommendations and here are the results (observations) for startup flow in channel:
I have done the following numerical test  developing flow in a (2dimensional) channel, uniform velocity and zero pressure gradient at the inlet, zero velocity gradient and zero pressure at outlet, etc. For relaxation time 0.1 (and higher) the following happened with pressure field results:
Thanks, Primoz. 

November 5, 2009, 10:31 

#9  
Member

Quote:
As UCM is a problematic model in the numerical point of view, this is not a surprise find cases witch the solution diverges. For 2D simulations exists a limit of De for UCM model and this limit depend of some subjects as is pointed in the article you mentioned and others too. Going up of this limit introduces instabilities problems not only on pressurevelocity coupling, but takes the problem as a whole to break up, and producing bad (wrong) results. Using your geometry and your mesh the max. value of lambda without numeric problems is 0.5 s with adjusting some simulations parameters. Changing your mesh to get delta x / delta y bigger and making the dimensions in x bigger you can get a solution to lambda 1.25 s (and it is not a very good solution, the is a little oscillation). See the files. Ux_lambda_0.5.jpg Ux_Lambda_1.25.jpg We are working to get a method more stable that DEVSS and I believe this will be used to get better transient results too. Best, Jovani 

November 5, 2009, 11:16 

#10  
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Primoz Ternik
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Quote:
many thanks for your extensive explanation! Cheers, Primoz. 

February 5, 2012, 07:00 
Dear Primoz

#11 
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Amin Shariat KHah
Join Date: Apr 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 86
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Hi Dear Primoz
My thesis is just studying this problem and ossilations. Do you think that Jovani answer is persuasive? After all, could you improved the results and convince yourself that OF is work correctly in this case? 

May 23, 2013, 11:32 

#12  
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Joaquin
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: Málaga, Andalusia, Spain
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Quote:
I would like to know if you finally got a good comparison with the "startup flow" of an OldroydB fluid in a channel. I am trying to carry out the same simulations than you (but some years later) and I have some convergence problems. Thanks in advance for any information. Cheers, Joaquin. 

February 3, 2014, 15:48 

#13 
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Nickolas P
Join Date: Oct 2010
Location: Greece
Posts: 30
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Hello everyone,
I understand the nature of tau BC as it is a symmetric tensor of the total stress (elastic+solvent...correct me if I'm wrong here!). In my problem (in which I use the single phase viscoelasticFluidFoam)I need to set boundary condtions on a free surface. Trying to model the problem as close as to reality I use on the same boundary the following BCs for p and U: p=0 U=slip (shear free surface with no cross flow) In the same manner I need to set the BC for tau. I have searched so far in the tutorials and found out that this BC can have the following types: type fixedValue; value uniform (0 0 0 0 0 0); or type zeroGradient; In my case which is 2D some tensor elements of tau are a priori zero (since I put "empty" patches). From the rest elements, and since the boundary behaves as s free surface not all of them must be zero. My question is: How can I let openFOAM calculate only specific elements of the tensor and let the rest be zero?? I tried so many many times the directionMixed BC but in vain. I would appreciate your support regarding this matter. Regards, Nickolas 

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