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-   -   Using source term in OpenFOAM (http://www.cfd-online.com/Forums/openfoam/87515-using-source-term-openfoam.html)

 user369 April 21, 2011 16:22

Using source term in OpenFOAM

Hi,
I am new to CFD and OpenFOAM.
I am trying to learn OpenFOAM and creating a simple problem and solve it using OpenFOAM.
I would like to solve a steady-state 2d poisson problem, similar to
Laplacian(U) = 50 * (x + y)
where x and y are the coordinates of cell centers.

I am not sure how to represent the source term in the OpenFOAM program.
I have represented this equation in my solver application as
Code:

```volScalarField x = U.mesh().C() & vector(1,0,0); volScalarField y = U.mesh().C() & vector(0,1,0); fvVectorMatrix UEqn (       fvm::laplacian(U) == 50 * (x + y) ); UEqn.solve();```
but, this throws error during compilation, where the error says something like
"note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘Foam::tmp<Foam::fvMatrix<Foam::Vector<double> > >’ to ‘const Foam::instant&’"

What is the right way to specify the source terms in the equation?

 Cyp April 22, 2011 08:32

Hi! and welcome on board ;)

your first error is obvious : You add x and y which are scalarFields whereas laplacian(U) is a vectorField !

You should define x and y as volVectorField !

Best,
Cyp

 user369 April 22, 2011 13:51

Cyp,
Thanks a lot for the reply..

I have modified the problem to convert the scalar to vector.

Code:

```volScalarField x = U.mesh().C() & vector(1,0,0); volScalarField y = U.mesh().C() & vector(0,1,0); dimensionedScalar fifty (     "fifty",     dimensionSet(0, -2, -1, 0, 0, 0 ,0),     50.0 ); fvVectorMatrix UEqn (     fvm::laplacian(U) == (fifty * (x + y)) * vector(1,0,0) );```
Now, the code compiles and runs without error.

But, if I try to modify the source term to contain exponential, it compiles correctly, but fails to run with the following error:

Code:

```fvVectorMatrix UEqn (     fvm::laplacian(U) == (exp(fifty * (x + y))) * vector(1,0,0) );```
Code:

```--> FOAM FATAL ERROR: Argument of trancendental function not dimensionless     From function trans(const dimensionSet& ds)     in file dimensionSet/dimensionSet.C at line 370.```
What is the correct way to take exponential of the coordinates?

Also, is the above method the right way to compute the source term for the equation, or are there any better ways to compute and pass it to the equation?

Thank you.

 Cyp April 22, 2011 15:51

are you sure about your differential equation ? in my opinion, you have something wrong. indeed, the inside of exponential must be unitless! In the other side, your source term ought to have the same dimension than laplacian(U).

 user369 April 22, 2011 16:59

Cyp,
My governing eqn. is a second order pde of the form

Laplacian(phi) = exp(fifty * (x + y))

where, x and y are the co-ordinates of the points on the 2D plate.

x and y are actually dimensionless quantities
I have used the following operations to extract these coordinates, which returns me a dimensional quantity in meters.
Code:

```        volScalarField x = U.mesh().C() & vector(1,0,0);         volScalarField y = U.mesh().C() & vector(0,1,0);```
Is my way of extracting the coordinates wrong? I tried to print the extracted values and they match the actual coordinates of my mesh cell centers.

Thank you

 mirko April 25, 2011 08:56

Quote:
 Originally Posted by user369 (Post 304743) Cyp, My governing eqn. is a second order pde of the form Laplacian(phi) = exp(fifty * (x + y)) where, x and y are the co-ordinates of the points on the 2D plate. x and y are actually dimensionless quantities I have used the following operations to extract these coordinates, which returns me a dimensional quantity in meters. Code: ```        volScalarField x = U.mesh().C() & vector(1,0,0);         volScalarField y = U.mesh().C() & vector(0,1,0);``` Is my way of extracting the coordinates wrong? I tried to print the extracted values and they match the actual coordinates of my mesh cell centers. Thank you
Can you define `fifty' as inverse meters?

 user369 April 25, 2011 13:51

Thanks Mirko.. taking the fifty as inverse meters worked. :)

 mirko April 25, 2011 14:33

Quote:
 Originally Posted by user369 (Post 304997) Thanks Mirko.. taking the fifty as inverse meters worked. :)
Now, let me ask you for a favor:

Would it be possible for you to package and post the solver files? I promise not to criticize the coding style and/or lack of comments;)

 user369 April 25, 2011 14:53

1 Attachment(s)
Sure..
I have attached the solver files..
I am completely new to OpenFoam (this is my first code written in openfoam).. so the code is pretty immature and dumb..

I will also be happy to hear suggestions and better alternatives for the code..

 user369 April 25, 2011 19:13

Similar to the equation for the source term, I would also like to specify the equations for the boundary conditions, which depends on the coordinates of the cells, like,
boundary value at south edge is 100x; where x is the x-coordinate of the face center.

Where should I specify those equations? Do I need to set the boundaryField type as "calculated" and specify the equations in the solver? or should I add the equations in the dictionary file itself?

Thanks.

 mirko April 26, 2011 09:42

Quote:
 Originally Posted by user369 (Post 305024) Similar to the equation for the source term, I would also like to specify the equations for the boundary conditions, which depends on the coordinates of the cells, like, boundary value at south edge is 100x; where x is the x-coordinate of the face center. Where should I specify those equations? Do I need to set the boundaryField type as "calculated" and specify the equations in the solver? or should I add the equations in the dictionary file itself? Thanks.
I think that you will need to write your own boundary condition. The procedure should be similar to that of copying and modifying an OF solver.

Note: to get the y coordinate, this should work:
scalarField y = patch().Cf().component(1);

Remember to compile it using `> wmake libso', not just `> wmake'.

Good luck.

Mirko

 Bernhard April 26, 2011 11:01

For the boundary condition. It would save you a lot of time if you use the groovyBC library. You can use easy expressions for the value or the gradient of a variable at the boundary.

You now hard-coded the source term in your solver, but that really makes your solver case-specific, which is usually unwanted. You can also easily define a field (see createFields), which you use as a source term. This source-field can then be set in your case-directory 0/. (using funkySetFields)

By the way, funkySetFields and groovyBC are combined in swak4Foam.

 user369 April 26, 2011 15:45

Mirko and Bernhard,
Thank you very much for the reply..

I will look into the swak4Foam library...

 mechy August 7, 2011 08:51

Dear user369

Quote:
 Originally Posted by user369 (Post 305001) Sure.. I have attached the solver files.. I am completely new to OpenFoam (this is my first code written in openfoam).. so the code is pretty immature and dumb.. I will also be happy to hear suggestions and better alternatives for the code..

can you send me test case file for your solver?

also I think it better that you specify the U as a scalar not vector
why you specify U as a vector ?

Best Regards

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