# Wave Rotor simulation

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 June 26, 2011, 10:16 Wave Rotor simulation #1 New Member   Marco Popesso Join Date: Jun 2011 Posts: 5 Rep Power: 7 Hi everyone! I'm an OpenFoam rookie and I'm tryng to use it for my thesis regarding the so called "Wave Rotor". I think you know what I'm talking about better than me, nevertheless I'll try to explain. The device is a cylindrical rotor with a certain number of straight channels. The rotor in enclosed in a case with ports that permit the passage of fluid through the channels. The rotor rotation ( ) determines the opening and closure of the inlet and outlet of the channels. The Wave Rotor can be used in a turboengine essentialy in two ways: 1) 4 port Wave Rotor ( NASA studies this case for 20 years) : the Wave Rotor is connected with the compressor (inlet), the combustor (inlet for hot gas and outlet for compressed air) and the turbine (outlet low pressure gas). The rotor work as a pressure exchanger, fresh air from the compressor enters the WR and is compressed by the hot exhaust gas coming from the combustor. The hot exhaust gas is then expanded (and cooled) and exits the WR to the turbine. 2) 2 port Wave Rotor Combustor : in this case the WR replaces entirely the combustor; the fresh air comes from the inlet (compressor) and in the channels, when inlet and outlet are closed, we can perform a costant volume combustion. The exhaust gas exit from the outlet and reach the turbine. I hope I've explained clearly with my terrible English! I want to perform a series of simulations of this two cases, starting with the first. I want to make a first very simple 2d approximation of a single straight channel of the rotor. At the instant 0, in the channel there is fresh low pressure air (zero velocity), the outlet is CLOSED, and from the inlet flows inside hot high pressure gas. I expect the formation af a shock wave moving from the inlet to the outlet and reflecting back, and of course there will be a contact surface between the two fluids at different temperature. An istant BEFORE the shock wave is reflected back, the outlet is opened, and the simulation go on with other fases... So, I need to simulate a highly transient, compressible and probably turbolent flow, and I need to change the boundary conditions at inlet and outlet at specific istants (sigh!) - Can you please suggest me what solver is more suitable for this application? I think of rhoPisoFoam with LES for turbolence, similar to the tutorial PitzDaily, but I note that in the new OpenFoam 2.0 this solver is no more... maybe rhoPimpleFoam?? And how can I describe correctly the conditions (pressure, temperature and velocity) at the boundary inlet and outlet? - What are alphSgs, B, k, muSgs, muTilda? Can you suggest me some good information source to understand how rhoPiso (or rhoPimple) works? I coldn't find any... - How can I perform the changing in course of the boundary conditions? Thanks for your attention, I can't wait to read your answers! Marco

 January 9, 2013, 07:29 #2 Senior Member     Ehsan Join Date: Oct 2012 Location: Iran Posts: 2,209 Rep Power: 19 hello dear Marco Im simulating wave rotor with rhoCentralFoam and by groovyBC and I want to obtain tokyo university results by Dr.Nagashima and Dr.Okamoto. but I before that tried to simulate their experiment that the right wall is closed and some errors I reached so far.could you help me about this simulation? thanks.

 March 27, 2013, 10:59 #3 Senior Member     Ehsan Join Date: Oct 2012 Location: Iran Posts: 2,209 Rep Power: 19 hello dear Marco I have a doubt about timing of opening of air side port in high pressure part. when primary shock wave reaches to air exit port(in high pressure part) it should be fully opened and whole of primary shock reflects of this port as secondary shock,am I right? if its so,the wall should begin to open when the primary shock has not reached yet,and because of high pressure at air port side a shock wave starting coming in the channel from air side before primary shock reaches.isn't it correct? thanks.

 November 13, 2013, 05:42 wave rotor flow simulation #4 New Member   mahmud Join Date: Oct 2013 Posts: 3 Rep Power: 5 hi, My thesis is on simulating flow in wave rotor.I think when primary shock reaches the end of the channel, the left port opens and we have reflected shock i have problem in boundary condition,whether we have constant pressure in boundaries or we should obtain some of them?

 December 5, 2013, 12:33 #5 Senior Member     Ehsan Join Date: Oct 2012 Location: Iran Posts: 2,209 Rep Power: 19 Hi Mahmud on the entering ports you should set total pressure be constant and on the right(outgoing ports) pressures be constant and the solver calculates the velocities. which dimensions and flow parameters you want to model?which experiment? __________________ Injustice Anywhere is a Threat for Justice Everywhere.Martin Luther King. To Be or Not To Be,Thats the Question! The Only Stupid Question Is the One that Goes Unasked.

 December 11, 2013, 05:29 WaveRotor #6 New Member   mahmud Join Date: Oct 2013 Posts: 3 Rep Power: 5 Hi immortality I knew that, but all the efforts in this application is to find pressure not to force or maintain a specified pressure in the outlet, i think our simulation should be consistent,meaning that we must search for some limitations or criterias in the outlet and let the pressure be obtained according to that criterias. For instance we know that the maximum pressure drop in the combustion loop should be 5%.

 December 11, 2013, 09:42 #7 Senior Member     Ehsan Join Date: Oct 2012 Location: Iran Posts: 2,209 Rep Power: 19 all conditions you set at outlet should satisfy CFD constraints in numerical aspects. in outlet you should set pressure,its more stable than for example velocity there,but you can test it yourself.if you want to set 95% of the inlet pressure to outlet again you have set pressure there. a questionable problem is that what experiment or numerical results you want to follow in doing the thesis? which university you were? and who is your adviser? __________________ Injustice Anywhere is a Threat for Justice Everywhere.Martin Luther King. To Be or Not To Be,Thats the Question! The Only Stupid Question Is the One that Goes Unasked.

 December 13, 2013, 14:52 #8 New Member   mahmud Join Date: Oct 2013 Posts: 3 Rep Power: 5 Hi I am studying propulsion in khajeNasir university, my adviser is dr ebrahimi.Thank you for replying my question but i think in this problem we should have consistency.i want to know the strength of two shocks in my simulation,not to fix them with for example Prw=1.8

 February 4, 2014, 19:00 #9 Senior Member     Ehsan Join Date: Oct 2012 Location: Iran Posts: 2,209 Rep Power: 19 Hi do you obtain the total pressure of flow behind of reflected shock larger than total pressure of driver gas? is there an experiment like sod for reflected shock strength? __________________ Injustice Anywhere is a Threat for Justice Everywhere.Martin Luther King. To Be or Not To Be,Thats the Question! The Only Stupid Question Is the One that Goes Unasked.

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