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Old   February 4, 2014, 10:01
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  #21
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Here is an updated compressible dynamic smagorinsky LES model with the inclusion of a SGS K equation solved by feeding the locally dynamic muSgs coefficient into the K equation.

This code was utilized for OpenFOAM 1.7, and it needs to be slightly modified for OpenFOAM 2.1.

Cheers,
Deji
Attached Files
File Type: c HybridSGS.C (4.0 KB, 71 views)
File Type: h HybridSGS.H (3.5 KB, 54 views)
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Old   February 4, 2014, 16:26
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Thanks a lot. We implemented your old version in OpenFOAM 2.1 and it works great. We would surely modify it and use this new version. I undertand that this is exactly the same at the previous 'dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky' except for the change you specified. Is there something else that's new in this new version !

Thanks again for all the help.

Sagnik
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Old   February 5, 2014, 05:52
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Dear Deji,

Could you please also nicely share us the Make folder (files and options) for the dynamic Smag Model:

dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C

Thank you so much!

flames
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Old   February 8, 2014, 19:20
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Hello, everyone!

I tried to complied the dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky Model into openfoam 2.1.1. But I still met some problem when I run my case.

I put the .H and .C in the following path:
Code:
/home/user/OpenFOAM/user-2.1.1/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky
In the LES folder, the file structure is:

Code:
 dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky (folder), Make (folder)
My Make/files is:

Code:
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C

LIB = $(FOAM_USER_LIBBIN)/libcompressibleLESModels_user
Make/options:
Code:
EXE_INC = \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels/LES/LESdeltas/lnInclude \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels/LES/LESfilters/lnInclude \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/thermophysicalModels/basic/lnInclude \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/meshTools/lnInclude \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/finiteVolume/lnInclude \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/GenEddyVisc \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel \
    -I$(LIB_SRC)/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/lnInclude

LIB_LIBS = \
    -lcompressibleTurbulenceModel \
    -lLESdeltas \
    -lLESfilters \
    -lfiniteVolume \
    -lmeshTools
The library libcompressibleLESModels_user.so is obtained in the following path (I confirmed that the .so file is successfully generated.):
Code:
/home/user/OpenFOAM/user-2.1.1/platforms/linux64IccDPOpt/lib
In the case, I add the following line in the system/control:
Code:
libs ("libcompressibleLESModels_user.so");
The file LESProperties is:

Code:
LESModel        dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky;    //Smagorinsky;    //oneEqEddy;

delta           cubeRootVol;

printCoeffs     on;

dynLocalAverageSmagorinskyCoeffs
{
     ce            1.048;
     filter        simple;
}
.........
When I run the case, I still had the problem as follows:

Code:
[0]
[0]
[0] --> FOAM FATAL ERROR:
[1] [2]
[2]
[2] --> FOAM FATAL ERROR:
[2] Unknown LESModel type dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky

Valid LESModel types:

15
(
DeardorffDiffStress
LRRDiffStress
Smagorinsky
SpalartAllmaras
SpalartAllmarasDDES
SpalartAllmarasIDDES
dynLagrangian
dynOneEqEddy
homogeneousDynOneEqEddy
homogeneousDynSmagorinsky
kOmegaSSTSAS
laminar
mixedSmagorinsky
oneEqEddy
spectEddyVisc
)
[2]
[2]
[2]     From function LESModel::New(const volVectorField&, const surfaceScalarField& ,transportModel&, const word&)
[2]     in file LESModel/LESModel.C at line [0] Unknown LESModel type dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky
It seems that the solver does not know the newly generated library, however I do not know which procedure I neglected to correctly use this turbulence model. Does anybody have any suggestions about the above implementations? Thank you in advance.

best regards,
f

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++=
The above procedure should be correct. The reason why the error comes from is that I use pisoFoam to test the LES model, which obviously cannot be found by pisoFoam. A stupid error.

Last edited by flames; February 10, 2014 at 08:11.
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Old   February 8, 2014, 21:03
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Dear Deji,

In the source code of dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C, the resolved turbulent stresses L_ij is calculated as:

Code:
volSymmTensorField Lij = filter_(rho()*sqr(U())) - sqr(filter_(rho()*U()))/filter_(rho());
Actually it is not completely equivalent to the equation in the paper by Martin, Piomelli and Canlder. Using the above equation, actually the following assumption is assumed:

\overline{\rho f} = \overline{\rho}\overline{f}

Did you test this assumption? I know that in compressible L_ij is easy to calculate in compressible LES, but as you know in openfoam it is not actually compressible. At least in my case it is Low Ma solver. I ask this just for curiosity. Thanks.

Last edited by flames; February 9, 2014 at 11:36.
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Old   February 10, 2014, 06:39
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Nobody knows something about the errors which make the compiliation not successfully? Thanks.
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Old   February 10, 2014, 09:08
Default Dynamic SGS model
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Since it seems you are interested in more sophisticated SGS models, please have a look at the LEMOS extensions for OpenFOAM: Dynamic Mixed Model, Lagrangian Dynamic Mixed Model and Hybrid URANS-LES models with dynamic Smagorinsky :-)
http://www.lemos.uni-rostock.de/en/d...nfoam-content/
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Old   February 10, 2014, 09:25
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Thank you for your information. Are they for compressible or incompressible LES?

cheers,
f
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Old   February 10, 2014, 09:47
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sorry, my mistake, only incompressible as far as I know
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Old   February 24, 2014, 18:04
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Dear Deji,

About the calculating the dynamic parameters Cd and Ci for the Smagorinksy compressible LES SGS model, I think I have the following difference for my implementation:

First CI, the beta should be calculated as:
Code:
    volScalarField beta = 2*sqr(2*delta())*filter_(rho())*sqr(mag(filter_(rho()*D)/filter_(rho())));
In the prediction of Cd, the strain rate tensor are treated not a Favre way. This is not consistent with the Paper by Martin, Piomelli and Candler 2000. In your code uploaded. They are calculated without the density (not a Favre way). Are these your simplifications?

thank you so much!


For clearance, I post the function I am using to predict Cd and Ci:
Code:
volScalarField dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky::cD_(const volSymmTensorField& D) const
{
    volSymmTensorField Dfilter = filter_(rho()*D)/filter_(rho());
    volScalarField magSijfilter = sqrt(2.0*(Dfilter && Dfilter));
    volScalarField magSij = sqrt(2*(D && D));

    volSymmTensorField Lij = filter_(rho()*sqr(U())) - sqr(filter_(rho()*U()))/filter_(rho());
//  volSymmTensorField Bij = -2*sqr(2*delta())*filter_(rho())*filter_(magSij)*(filter_(D)-filter_(tr(D))*I/3);
//  volSymmTensorField Bij = -2*sqr(2*delta())*filter_(rho())*magSijfilter*(Dfilter - Dtrfilter*I/3);
    volSymmTensorField Bij = -2*sqr(2*delta())*filter_(rho())*magSijfilter*dev(Dfilter);
    volSymmTensorField Aij = -2*sqr(delta())*rho()*magSij*dev(D);
    volSymmTensorField Mij = Bij - filter_(Aij);
    volScalarField LijMij = Lij && Mij;
    volScalarField MklMkl = Mij && Mij;

    // Performing local average on cell faces on return
    return fvc::average(LijMij)/fvc::average(MklMkl);
}
Code:
volScalarField dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky::cI_(const volSymmTensorField& D) const
{
    volSymmTensorField Dfilter = filter_(rho()*D)/filter_(rho());
    volScalarField magSij = sqrt(2.0*(Dfilter && Dfilter));

    volSymmTensorField Lij = filter_(rho()*sqr(U())) - sqr(filter_(rho()*U()))/filter_(rho());
    volScalarField Lkk = tr(Lij);
    volScalarField beta = 2*sqr(2*delta())*filter_(rho())*sqr(magSij);
    volScalarField alpha = filter_(2*rho()*sqr(delta())*sqr(magSij));

    // Performing local average on cell faces on return
    return (fvc::average(Lkk))/(fvc::average(beta - alpha));
}
Any comments is appreciated for the above code lines. Thank you.


Quote:
Originally Posted by deji View Post
Here is the locally dynamic Smagorinksy compressible LES SGS model. The LESProperties that I attached previously also has the necessary coefficients to run this SGS model. I ought to say that I have had problems running dynamic models in OpenFOAM at t=0. Therefore, run any static LES model such as Smagorinksy or the WALE model for one timestep, then you can proceed to utilize the dynamic model thereafter.

Cheers,
Deji
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Old   April 3, 2014, 10:33
Default Problem in compiling dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky in OF 2.0.1
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Hello everyone,

I am having problem in compiling the dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky model in openfoam 2.0.1. Following is the error trace

[narya@localhost dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky]$ wmake libso
SOURCE=dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C ; g++ -m64 -Dlinux64 -DWM_DP -Wall -Wextra -Wno-unused-parameter -Wold-style-cast -Wnon-virtual-dtor -O3 -DNoRepository -ftemplate-depth-100 -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/turbulenceModels -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/turbulenceModels/LES/LESdeltas/lnInclude -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/turbulenceModels/LES/LESfilters/lnInclude -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/thermophysicalModels/basic/lnInclude -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/lnInclude -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/finiteVolume/lnInclude -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/meshTools/lnInclude -IlnInclude -I. -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude -I/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/OSspecific/POSIX/lnInclude -fPIC -c $SOURCE -o Make/linux64GccDPOpt/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.o
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C: In constructor âFoam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSma gorinsky::dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky(const Foam::volScalarField&, const Foam::volVectorField&, const Foam::surfaceScalarField&, const Foam::basicThermo&, const Foam::word&, const Foam::word&)â:
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:142: error: no matching function for call to âFoam::compressible::LESModel::LESModel(const Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>&, const Foam::GeometricField<Foam::Vector<double>, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>&, const Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvsPatchField, Foam::surfaceMesh>&, const Foam::basicThermo&, const Foam::word&, const Foam::word&)â
/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/lnInclude/LESModel.H:134: note: candidates are: Foam::compressible::LESModel::LESModel(const Foam::word&, const Foam::volScalarField&, const Foam::volVectorField&, const Foam::surfaceScalarField&, const Foam::basicThermo&, const Foam::word&)
/home1/narya/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.0.1/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/lnInclude/LESModel.H:101: note: Foam::compressible::LESModel::LESModel(const Foam::compressible::LESModel&)
make: *** [Make/linux64GccDPOpt/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.o] Error 1..

anyone please help.

Kafka.
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Old   April 7, 2014, 08:57
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Quote:
Originally Posted by deji View Post
Hi deji,
I have never compiled a turbulence model before in openfoam. Can you tell me how should I compile your your code?
Regards,
Awais


The LES models I uploaded are for compressible LES solvers in OpenFOAM. You need to copy the code into the directory where the other SGS models are, go through the files in the MAKE directory and add the lines necessary for the compiler to know that it should compile the codes too. Then just type wmake libso, it is quite simple, but you should spend some time going through the directory that has the SGS models.

Cheers,
Deji
hello,
Dear Deji,
I tried to complied the dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky Model into openfoam 2.1.1. But I am having problem.Following is the error:

wmakeLnInclude: linking include files to ./lnInclude
SOURCE=dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C ; g++ -m64 -Dlinux64 -DWM_DP -Wall -Wextra -Wno-unused-parameter -Wold-style-cast -Wnon-virtual-dtor -O3 -DNoRepository -ftemplate-depth-100 -I/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels -I/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/LES/LESdeltas/lnInclude -I/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/LES/LESfilters/lnInclude -I/opt/openfoam211/src/thermophysicalModels/basic/lnInclude -I/opt/openfoam211/src/meshTools/lnInclude -I/opt/openfoam211/src/finiteVolume/lnInclude -I/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/GenEddyVisc -I/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel -I/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/lnInclude -IlnInclude -I. -I/opt/openfoam211/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude -I/opt/openfoam211/src/OSspecific/POSIX/lnInclude -fPIC -c $SOURCE -o Make/linux64GccDPOpt/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.o
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C: In member function ‘Foam::volScalarField Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSmag orinsky::cQ_(const volSymmTensorField&) const’:
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:104:31: error: reference to ‘db’ is ambiguous
In file included from /opt/openfoam211/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude/regIOobject.H:41:0,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude/GeometricField.H:42,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude/GeometricScalarField.H:38,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude/GeometricFields.H:34,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/finiteVolume/lnInclude/volFields.H:37,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/thermophysicalModels/basic/lnInclude/basicThermo.H:39,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/turbulenceModel/turbulenceModel.H:51,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel/LESModel.H:51,
from /opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/GenEddyVisc/GenEddyVisc.H:42,
from dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.H:53,
from dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:24:
/opt/openfoam211/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude/IOobject.H:246:35: error: candidates are: const Foam:bjectRegistry& Foam::IOobject::db() const
/opt/openfoam211/src/OpenFOAM/lnInclude/IOobject.H:246:35: error: const Foam:bjectRegistry& Foam::IOobject::db() const
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:104:63: error: expected primary-expression before ‘>’ token
In file included from /opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/GenEddyVisc/GenEddyVisc.H:42:0,
from dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.H:53,
from dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:24:
/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel/LESModel.H: In instantiation of ‘static Foam::autoPtr<Foam::compressible::LESModel> Foam::compressible::LESModel::adddictionaryConstru ctorToTable<LESModelType>::New(const volScalarField&, const volVectorField&, const surfaceScalarField&, const Foam::basicThermo&, const Foam::word&) [with LESModelType = Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSmag orinsky; Foam::volScalarField = Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>; Foam::volVectorField = Foam::GeometricField<Foam::Vector<double>, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>; Foam::surfaceScalarField = Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvsPatchField, Foam::surfaceMesh>]’:
/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel/LESModel.H:128:1: required from ‘Foam::compressible::LESModel::adddictionaryConstr uctorToTable<LESModelType>::adddictionaryConstruct orToTable(const Foam::word&) [with LESModelType = Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSmag orinsky]’
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:39:1: required from here
/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel/LESModel.H:115:9: error: no matching function for call to ‘Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSma gorinsky::dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky(const volScalarField&, const volVectorField&, const surfaceScalarField&, const Foam::basicThermo&, const Foam::word&)’
/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel/LESModel.H:115:9: note: candidates are:
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:115:1: note: Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSmag orinsky::dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky(const volScalarField&, const volVectorField&, const surfaceScalarField&, const Foam::basicThermo&)
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:115:1: note: candidate expects 4 arguments, 5 provided
In file included from dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:24:0:
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.H:91:9: note: Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSmag orinsky::dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky(const Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSmag orinsky&)
dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.H:91:9: note: candidate expects 1 argument, 5 provided
In file included from /opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/GenEddyVisc/GenEddyVisc.H:42:0,
from dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.H:53,
from dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.C:24:
/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel/LESModel.H: In static member function ‘static Foam::autoPtr<Foam::compressible::LESModel> Foam::compressible::LESModel::adddictionaryConstru ctorToTable<LESModelType>::New(const volScalarField&, const volVectorField&, const surfaceScalarField&, const Foam::basicThermo&, const Foam::word&) [with LESModelType = Foam::compressible::LESModels::dynLocalAverageSmag orinsky; Foam::volScalarField = Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>; Foam::volVectorField = Foam::GeometricField<Foam::Vector<double>, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>; Foam::surfaceScalarField = Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvsPatchField, Foam::surfaceMesh>]’:
/opt/openfoam211/src/turbulenceModels/compressible/LES/LESModel/LESModel.H:115:9: warning: control reaches end of non-void function [-Wreturn-type]
make: *** [Make/linux64GccDPOpt/dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky.o] Error 1

plz help me
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Old   April 13, 2014, 09:55
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Dear All,

In dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky and other dynamic LES model, when we need to calculate the model constants using a dynamic way, we will do the averaging, like i.e. <Lij*Mij>/<Mkl*Mkl>. In principle, this kind of averaging is performed in the homogeneous direction in the flows. I do not know how this is implemented in other flow solvers. In openfoam, this is done using fvc::average(), this operation is only based on weighting of areas of all the faces belonging to one cell. So this is LOCAL dynamic method. Could anyone say something about if such implementation is really reflecting the averaging in the original sense (i.e. averaging in one homogeneous direction)?

OFFO
Thank you
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Old   April 14, 2014, 06:21
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  #34
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Hello, flames,

I also try to compile the dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky Model into openfoam 2.1.1. But when i use wmake libso, i see error message.
Could you please share with me your folders for the dynLocalAverageSmagorinsky Model.
Could you tell me whats that error?
Thank you
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Old   September 2, 2014, 09:06
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Hi All,

When I use this dynamic model, for the regions having large mesh size, I found there are negative muSGS appearing there. So I cannot confirm if this is acceptable results or not. The flow fields and pressure seem still fine even if the mySGS is negative there.

Anybody has such kind of experience using dynamic Smagorinsky model?

OFFO
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Old   November 18, 2014, 09:21
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deji, could you please share your literature reference for the compressible dyn smagorinsky with k equation (you call it hybrid-sgs)?

Thank you in advance!
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Old   November 19, 2014, 11:14
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got it:


local dyn compressible Smagorinsky:

Martin, M. Pino; Piomelli, Ugo; Candler, Graham V. -- Subgrid-Scale Models for Compressible Large-Eddy Simulations -- Theoret. Comput. Fluid Dynamics, 2000 13, p:361-376

And

Martin, M. Pino; Piomelli, Ugo; Candler, Graham V. -- A priori tests of SGS models in compressible turbulence -- 3rd ASME/JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference -- 1999 -- Army High Performance Computing Research Center




k-Equation is based on oneEqEddy:

k-Equation:
Yoshizawa, Akira; Horiuti, Kiyosi -- A Statistically-Derived Subgrid-Scale Kinetic Energy Model for the Large-Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Flows -- Journal of the Physical Society of Japan -- 1985 -- Vol. 54 -- Issue 8 -- pages 2834-2839 -- doi: 10.1143/JPSJ.54.2834 p, li

k_sgs-transport:
Menon, S; Yeung, P.-K.; Kim, W.-W. -- Effect of subgrid models on the computed interscale energy transfer in isotropic turbulence -- Computers & Fluids -- 1996 -- Volume 25 -- Issue 2 -- pages: 165-180 -- doi: 10.1016/0045-7930(95)00036-4

where the parameter c_k = 0.0094 is defined like in oneEqEddy by:
Nakayama, A.; Vengadesan, S. N. -- On the influence of numerical schemes and subgrid-stress models on large eddy simulation of turbulent flow past a square cylinder -- International Journal for Numerical Methods of Fluids -- 2002 -- Volume 38 -- Issue 3 -- pages: 227-253 -- doi: 10.1002/fld.214
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Old   November 19, 2014, 13:30
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Thank You, I was also looking for the source of literature. And also this is a good reference:
http://www.aem.umn.edu/~kmahesh/publ...aiaa10_les.pdf



Also which version of OpenFOAM could you compile the code with?

Cheers!
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Old   November 20, 2014, 04:04
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Ferdinand Pfender
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i compiled it with 2.3.x and it works well.
but you need to modify some small parts.

just diff the comp. Smagorinsky from 1.6 or 1.7 with the actual one. Thats all.
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Old   November 20, 2014, 14:32
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Krishna
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Thanks! Also you can have a look at following for other compressible LEs subgrid implementations:

https://github.com/fireFoam-dev/fire...mpressible/LES
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