Checking the quality of the meshing
Dear pointwise users,
Hello everyone. I have lots of questions in my mind regarding this issue. I am posting in points.
# I am currently using OpenFOAM as solver and pointwise as meshing utility. I think OpenFOAM is very sensitive about two issues. They are: Orthogonality and Skewness. Recently I have made a mesh and checked the skewness in pointwise using centroid skewness and equiangle skewness options. In both cases pointwise showed reasonable values like <1. But in OpenFOAM when I tried using checkMesh command I found out skewness of around 70. :o
I know that the definition of skewness may vary from software to software. Could anyone give me a hint of checking the skewness of meshing in pointwise in such a way which would give me compatible values to OpenFOAM?
# This query is not solely related to pointwise. My question is how could I decrease skewness and keep orthogonality while meshing in pointwise? Some points are like maintaining good aspect ratio and high induced angle.
My question is could you please tell me a certain range of values? Like right now I am preparing a mesh and in one 2-D plane I am finding a minumum induced angle of 18 degree. Is it a reasonable value? The plane is along the flow direction.
Thanks for your time.
Yes there is a bit of a disconnect between the available examine metrics in Pointwise and what OpenFOAM checks for. One reason being some of OpenFOAM's metrics use face information and Pointwise does not store faces - it only stores points and cells - thus it can't compute a face-based metric.
Pointwise's metrics are all defined in Sec. 6.6 of the User Manual. You can access it through the Help menu.
As for OpenFOAM's, you have to dig a little in the source code to figure what they are. OpenFOAM's skewness is a measure of the deviation of the vector connecting the two cell centers adjacent to a face and the mid-point of that face. OpenFOAM also checks for orthogonality which it defines to be the deviation angle between the adjacent cell centers vector and the face normal. Lastly OpenFOAM checks for aspect ratio which has the same definition as Pointwise (and most other meshers and solvers).
Your last question is a bit vague as mesh quality tends to be application and mesh specific. But in general, I will say use structured meshing for problems where you can and use hybrid (prisms near walls, tets elsewhere) meshing for more complex problems.
If you can show me example, I can give you some more specific guidance about what to look for and ranges of acceptable values.
Thanks for your reply. Okay here is what I want to do. Right now I just want to simulate a VAWT consisting of only three blades. Yes the geometry will be of only three straight blades. I want a rough simulation. I am doing this only to check my understanding of 3-D meshing. Here is my starting geometry.Attachment 22318
As you can see it is a fraction (1/3 to be precise) of a circular cylinder. I want to mesh it and copy the mesh twice in 120 degree interval to complete my circular cylindrical domain.
Now comes the problem. As I have told you earlier I want the simulation to be very rough and less time consuming. So I am trying to keep no. of cells as low as possible. My blade has very high aspect ratio. The chord length is only 2.2m and the span length is 85m. Span wise I have divided the connector in only 13 points. As a result when I create surface mesh and extrude it I could see high aspect ratio. Attachment 22319
Could you give me hints of effective meshing with low no. of cells?
Thanks for your time
My suggestion for this case would be to make an all structured mesh. Furthermore, since your blade [appears] to not have any twist or sweep I would create a 2D mesh of the sector cross section then create an extrusion in the axial direction. For the axial extrusion it is possible for use a non-uniform spacing through a user specified distribution.
Regarding your concern about aspect ratio. Having a high aspect ratio in general isn't a bad thing provided the gradients are too steep in the coarse direction. I've seen good solutions from OpenFOAM on meshes with aspect ratio over 10,000. In your case it's perfectly OK to have a coarse spacing along the blade (and have an aspect ratio of 500-1000) as there won't be much flow variation along the blade. Only near the ends of the blades where you'll get the induced vortex.
If you're still stuck let me know. If I have some time, I'll throw together I a quick example demo'ing my suggestions.
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