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Cavitation modeling

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Cavitation phenomena in physics is the phenomena of change in state (phase) of the matter (eg. water) from liquid to vapour due to pressure drop of the surrounding domain.
Cavitation phenomena in physics is the phenomena of change in state (phase) of the matter (eg. water) from liquid to vapour due to pressure drop of the surrounding domain.
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This pressure drop usually happens when the liquid is in rapid motion (flow). The typical example of such phenomena is found in turbomachinery and hydrodynamics. In both cases this constitutes a limitation for the performances of the device that rotates the fluid because of the drawbacks of cavitation inseption amongst which are:
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This pressure drop usually happens when the liquid is in rapid motion (flow). The typical example of such phenomena is found in turbomachinery and hydrodynamics. In both cases this constitutes a limitation for the performances of the device that rotates the fluid because of the drawbacks of cavitation inception amongst which are:
 +
 
* Vibrations
* Vibrations
* Erosion
* Erosion
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* Acousitc inconvenience
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* Acoustic inconvenience
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* Drop in performance
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* Performance degradation
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== Modeling techniques ==
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A number of methods exist for modeling cavitation.  They can be divided into the following classes:
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* Level-set/volume-of-fluid methods
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* Boundary Element methods
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* Bubble dynamics modeling
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* Interfacial transport techniques
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 +
 
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== Cavitation codes: ==
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* UNCLE-M - ARL/Penn. State - a preconditioned, homogenous, multiphase, Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes model with mass transfer
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* CRUNCH - Craft-tech's RANS solver
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* CAV2DBL - UT's two-dimensional panel method coupled with XFOIL boundary layer solver
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* PROPCAV - UT's boundary element method for predicting cavitation on propellers
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== External links: ==
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* [http://cavity.ce.utexas.edu Computational Hydrodynamics Laboratory at U.T.] - Boundary element methods
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* [https://www.arl.psu.edu/capabilities/fsm_compmech_gallery.html Penn State Computational Mechanics Group]
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* [http://www.dynaflow-inc.com Dynaflow - Software for Bubble Dynamics modeling]
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* [http://www.craft-tech.com/html/cavitation_res.html Combustion Research and Flow Technology Group ]
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Revision as of 00:31, 22 May 2007

Cavitation phenomena in physics is the phenomena of change in state (phase) of the matter (eg. water) from liquid to vapour due to pressure drop of the surrounding domain. This pressure drop usually happens when the liquid is in rapid motion (flow). The typical example of such phenomena is found in turbomachinery and hydrodynamics. In both cases this constitutes a limitation for the performances of the device that rotates the fluid because of the drawbacks of cavitation inception amongst which are:

  • Vibrations
  • Erosion
  • Acoustic inconvenience
  • Performance degradation


Modeling techniques

A number of methods exist for modeling cavitation. They can be divided into the following classes:

  • Level-set/volume-of-fluid methods
  • Boundary Element methods
  • Bubble dynamics modeling
  • Interfacial transport techniques


Cavitation codes:

  • UNCLE-M - ARL/Penn. State - a preconditioned, homogenous, multiphase, Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes model with mass transfer
  • CRUNCH - Craft-tech's RANS solver
  • CAV2DBL - UT's two-dimensional panel method coupled with XFOIL boundary layer solver
  • PROPCAV - UT's boundary element method for predicting cavitation on propellers

External links:


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