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Cebeci-Smith model

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Turbulence modeling
RANS-based turbulence models
  1. Linear eddy viscosity models
    1. Algebraic models
      1. Cebeci-Smith model
      2. Baldwin-Lomax model
      3. Johnson-King model
      4. A roughness-dependent model
    2. One equation models
      1. Prandtl's one-equation model
      2. Baldwin-Barth model
      3. Spalart-Allmaras model
    3. Two equation models
      1. k-epsilon models
        1. Standard k-epsilon model
        2. Realisable k-epsilon model
        3. RNG k-epsilon model
        4. Near-wall treatment
      2. k-omega models
        1. Wilcox's k-omega model
        2. Wilcox's modified k-omega model
        3. SST k-omega model
        4. Near-wall treatment
      3. Realisability issues
        1. Kato-Launder modification
        2. Durbin's realizability constraint
        3. Yap correction
        4. Realisability and Schwarz' inequality
  2. Nonlinear eddy viscosity models
    1. Explicit nonlinear constitutive relation
      1. Cubic k-epsilon
      2. EARSM
    2. v2-f models
      1. \overline{\upsilon^2}-f model
      2. \zeta-f model
  3. Reynolds stress model (RSM)
Large eddy simulation (LES)
  1. Smagorinsky-Lilly model
  2. Dynamic subgrid-scale model
  3. RNG-LES model
  4. Wall-adapting local eddy-viscosity (WALE) model
  5. Kinetic energy subgrid-scale model
  6. Near-wall treatment for LES models
Detached eddy simulation (DES)
Direct numerical simulation (DNS)
Turbulence near-wall modeling
Turbulence free-stream boundary conditions
  1. Turbulence intensity
  2. Turbulence length scale

The Cebeci-Smith [Smith and Cebeci (1967)] is a two-layer algebraic 0-equation model which gives the eddy viscosity, \mu_t, as a function of the local boundary layer velocity profile. The model is suitable for high-speed flows with thin attached boundary-layers, typically present in aerospace applications. Like the Baldwin-Lomax model, this model is not suitable for cases with large separated regions and significant curvature/rotation effects. Unlike the Baldwin-Lomax model, this model requires the determination of of a boundary layer edge.



\mu_t =
{\mu_t}_{inner} & \mbox{if } y \le y_{crossover} \\ 
{\mu_t}_{outer} & \mbox{if } y > y_{crossover}

where y_{crossover} is the smallest distance from the surface where {\mu_t}_{inner} is equal to {\mu_t}_{outer}:

y_{crossover} = MIN(y) \ : \ {\mu_t}_{inner} = {\mu_t}_{outer}

The inner region is given

{\mu_t}_{inner} = \rho l^2 l \left[\left(
 \frac{\partial U}{\partial y}\right)^2 +
 \left(\frac{\partial V}{\partial x}\right)^2


l = \kappa y \left( 1 - e^{\frac{-y^+}{A^+}} \right)

with the constant \kappa = 0.4 and

A^+ = 26\left[1+y\frac{dP/dx}{\rho u_\tau^2}\right]^{-1/2}.

The outer region is given by:

{\mu_t}_{outer} = \alpha \rho U_e \delta_v^* F_{KLEB}(y;\delta),

where \alpha=0.0168, \delta_v^* is the velocity thickness given by

\delta_v^* = \int_0^\delta (1-U/U_e)dy,

and F_{KLEB} is the Klebanoff intermittency function given by

F_{KLEB}(y;\delta) = \left[1 + 5.5 \left( \frac{y}{\delta} \right)^6

Model variants

Performance, applicability and limitations

Implementation issues


  • Smith, A.M.O. and Cebeci, T. (1967), "Numerical solution of the turbulent boundary layer equations", Douglas aircraft division report DAC 33735.
  • Wilcox, D.C. (1998), Turbulence Modeling for CFD, ISBN 1-928729-10-X, 2nd Ed., DCW Industries, Inc..
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