Civil engineering

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 Revision as of 08:55, 30 December 2005 (view source)Marraco (Talk | contribs)m← Older edit Latest revision as of 16:17, 19 January 2012 (view source)Reihaneh (Talk | contribs) m (10 intermediate revisions not shown) Line 3: Line 3: Applications in Civil Engineering are countless. Applications in Civil Engineering are countless. - Some books for civil enginners directly exclude chapters with important topics like flow of water with fast variation on space and/or time. + Some books for civil engineers directly exclude chapters with important topics like flow of water with fast variation on space and/or time. - By example, "Open Channel Hydraulics" (V. T. Chow) have a chapter that only says someting like "not much to say about...". + For example, "Open Channel Hydraulics" (V. T. Chow) has a chapter that only says something like "not much to say about...". There are only two practical ways to know how work the water on this cases: There are only two practical ways to know how work the water on this cases: Line 10: Line 10: *Making a physical scale model. *Making a physical scale model. **This can be done only with structures expensive enough to admit making a scale model. But the main volume of structures are cheap, or so small that a scale model need to take in account the surface stress, and the scale model need to ignore some characteristics of flux. **This can be done only with structures expensive enough to admit making a scale model. But the main volume of structures are cheap, or so small that a scale model need to take in account the surface stress, and the scale model need to ignore some characteristics of flux. - **This cause existence of handbooks with standar structures to be strictly copyed, with poor degrees of freedom to designers, or use of big coefficients of security to overcome uncertainties. + **Because of this, handbooks usually offer standard structures that have to be strictly copied, with poor degrees of freedom for designers. Alternatively, calculations use large security coefficients for overcoming uncertainities. - + - + *Running a CFD simulation. *Running a CFD simulation. - **Many CFD simulations run too slow in today computers (2005). They take hours or days even for simple cases. This is because PC computers are still weak to do real time/interactive calculations. + **Many CFD simulations run too slowly on desktop computers (2005). They take hours or days even for simple cases. This is because PC computers are still weak to do real time/interactive calculations. - **But this is changing with modern video cards; Graphics cards compatible with DirectX 9/OpenGL 2 are supercomputers. They have orders of magnitude more power than PC chips, and are programmable -See [[GPGPU]]-. This make tempting to the common civil engineer to start programming simulations. + **But this is changing with modern video cards; Graphics cards compatible with DirectX 9/OpenGL 2 are supercomputers. They have orders of magnitude more power than PC chips, and are programmable -See [[GPGPU]]-. This make tempting to the common civil engineer to start programming simulations. This has to be explained better. {{stub}} {{stub}}

Latest revision as of 16:17, 19 January 2012

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Applications in Civil Engineering are countless.

Some books for civil engineers directly exclude chapters with important topics like flow of water with fast variation on space and/or time. For example, "Open Channel Hydraulics" (V. T. Chow) has a chapter that only says something like "not much to say about...".

There are only two practical ways to know how work the water on this cases:

• Making a physical scale model.
• This can be done only with structures expensive enough to admit making a scale model. But the main volume of structures are cheap, or so small that a scale model need to take in account the surface stress, and the scale model need to ignore some characteristics of flux.
• Because of this, handbooks usually offer standard structures that have to be strictly copied, with poor degrees of freedom for designers. Alternatively, calculations use large security coefficients for overcoming uncertainities.
• Running a CFD simulation.
• Many CFD simulations run too slowly on desktop computers (2005). They take hours or days even for simple cases. This is because PC computers are still weak to do real time/interactive calculations.
• But this is changing with modern video cards; Graphics cards compatible with DirectX 9/OpenGL 2 are supercomputers. They have orders of magnitude more power than PC chips, and are programmable -See GPGPU-. This make tempting to the common civil engineer to start programming simulations. This has to be explained better.