# Rahman-Siikonen-Agarwal Model

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 19:34, 13 August 2012 (view source)Twray (Talk | contribs) (Created page with "== Introduction == The Rahman-Agarwal-Siikonen (RAS) Turbulence model is a one-equation eddy viscosity model based on $k-\epsilon$ closure. The R-transport equation ...")← Older edit Revision as of 00:11, 18 August 2012 (view source)Twray (Talk | contribs) (→Introduction)Newer edit → (7 intermediate revisions not shown) Line 1: Line 1: == Introduction == == Introduction == - The Rahman-Agarwal-Siikonen (RAS) Turbulence model is a one-equation eddy viscosity model based on $k-\epsilon$ closure.  The R-transport equation along with the Bradshaw and other empirical relations are used to solve for the turbulent viscosity.  A damping function, $f_\mu$, is used to represent the kinematic blocking by the wall. To avoid defining a wall distance, a Helmholtz-type elliptic relaxation equation is used for $f_\mu$. The model has been validated against a few well-documented flow cases, yielding predictions in good agreement with DNS and experimental data. + The Rahman-Siikonen-Agarwal (RSA) Turbulence model is a one-equation eddy viscosity model based on $k-\epsilon$ closure.  The R-transport equation along with the Bradshaw and other empirical relations are used to solve for the turbulent viscosity.  A damping function, $f_\mu$, is used to represent the kinematic blocking by the wall. To avoid defining a wall distance, a Helmholtz-type elliptic relaxation equation is used for $f_\mu$. The model has been validated against a few well-documented flow cases, yielding predictions in good agreement with DNS and experimental data. == RAS Model == == RAS Model == - The turbulent eddy viscosity is given by + '''The turbulent eddy viscosity is given by''' + :$:[itex] Line 11: Line 12:$ [/itex] - The R-transport equation is + + '''The R-transport Equation:''' :$:[itex] \begin{matrix} \begin{matrix} - \frac{\partial \rho R}{\partial t} + \frac{\partial \rho u_j R}{\partial x_j} & = & \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} [ (\mu +\frac{\mu_t}{\sigma})\frac{\partial R}{\partial x_j} ] +C_1 \rho \sqrt{P \tilde{R}} - C_2 \rho (\frac{\partial \tilde{R}}{\partial x_k})^2 + \frac{\partial \rho R}{\partial t} + \frac{\partial \rho u_j R}{\partial x_j} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} \biggl[ \left(\mu +\frac{\mu_t}{\sigma}\right)\frac{\partial R}{\partial x_j} \biggr] +C_1 \rho \sqrt{P \tilde{R}} - C_2 \rho \left(\frac{\partial \tilde{R}}{\partial x_k}\right)^2 \end{matrix} \end{matrix}$ [/itex] + + + '''Realizable Time Scale:''' + + :$+ T_t = \frac{k}{\epsilon} \sqrt{1+\frac{C_t^2}{Re_T}}, \quad Re_T = \frac{k^2}{\nu \epsilon} +$ + + + '''Coefficient $C_\mu$:''' + + :$+ C_\mu = \frac{3(1+\eta^2)\alpha_1}{3+\eta^2+6\eta^2\xi^2+6\xi^2} +$ + + :$+ \eta = \alpha_2 T_t S, \quad \xi = \alpha_3 T_t W +$ + + :$+ \alpha_1 = g\left(\frac{1}{4}+\frac{2}{3}\Pi_b^{1/2}\right), \quad \alpha_2 = \frac{3}{8\sqrt{2}}g +$ + + :$+ \alpha_3 = \frac{3}{\sqrt{2}}\alpha_2, \quad g = \left( 1+2\frac{P}{\epsilon} \right) ^{-1} +$ + + :$+ \Pi_b = C_\nu \frac{P}{\epsilon}, \quad \frac{P}{\epsilon} = C_\nu \zeta^2 +$ + + :$+ C_\nu = \frac{1}{2(1+T_t S \sqrt{1+\Re^2})}, \quad \zeta = T_t S max(1,\Re) +$ + + :$+ S_{ij} = \frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} + \frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i}\right), \quad S = \sqrt{2S_{ij} S_{ij}} +$ + + :$+ W_{ij} = \frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} - \frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i}\right), \quad W = \sqrt{2S_{ij} S_{ij}} +$ + + + '''Damping Function:''' + + :$+ -L^2 \nabla^2f_\mu + f_\mu = 1 +$ + + :$+ L^2 = \zeta(2\zeta+C_\mu Re_T)\sqrt{\frac{\nu^3}{\epsilon}}, \quad (f_\mu)_{wall} = 0 +$ + + + '''Other Model Coefficients:''' + + :$+ C_1 = 2C_\mu \zeta (1-C_\mu \zeta), \quad C_2 = min \Biggl[ 2C_\mu,\; \tilde{C}_\mu \sqrt{1+\left( \frac{C_1}{6 \tilde{C}_\mu}\right)^2}\;\Biggr] +$ + + :$+ \sigma = C_\mu + \frac{f_\mu}{C_T} +$ + + + '''$k$ and $\epsilon$:''' + + :$+ k = \sqrt{\tilde{k}^2 + k_\alpha ^2} +$ + + :$+ \tilde{k} = f_\mu^{0.8}\sqrt{C_\mu}R S_k, \quad k_\alpha = \nu S_\alpha +$ + + + :$+ \epsilon = \sqrt{\epsilon_w^2+\tilde{\epsilon}^2+\epsilon_\alpha^2} +$ + + :$+ \tilde{\epsilon} = \frac{k^2}{R+\nu}, \quad \epsilon_\alpha = \nu S_\alpha^2, \quad \epsilon_w=2A_\epsilon\nu(\frac{\partial u}{\partial y})_w^2\approx 2A_\epsilon \nu S_k^2 +$ + + + :$+ S_k = \sqrt{\tilde{S}^2+S_\alpha^2}, +$ + + :$+ \tilde{S} = f_k\left(S-\frac{\vert\eta_1\vert - \eta_1}{C_T}\right), \quad \eta_1 = S-W, \quad f_k=1-\frac{f_\alpha}{C_T}\sqrt{max(1-\Re,0)} +$ + + :$+ S_\alpha = \frac{2C_\alpha f_\alpha}{3\nu}\left(\frac{\sqrt{u_i^2/2}}{1+\mu_T/\mu}\right)^2, \quad C_\alpha=\sqrt{C_\mu^2+\frac{\nu}{R+\nu}}, \quad f_\alpha = 1 - exp\left(-\frac{\mu_T}{36\mu}\right) +$ + + '''Constants:''' + + :$+ C_T = \sqrt{2}, \quad \tilde{C}_\mu = 0.09 +$ + + :$+ 0.05\;<\;A_\epsilon\;<\;0.11 \quad Commonly \;A_\epsilon = \tilde{C}_\mu +$ + + + ==References == + + * {{reference-paper|author=Rahman, M. M., Siikonen, T., and Agarwal, R. K.|year=2011|title=Improved Low Re-Number One-Equation Turbulence Model|rest=AIAA Vol. 49, No.4, April 2011}} + + [[Category:Turbulence models]]

## Introduction

The Rahman-Siikonen-Agarwal (RSA) Turbulence model is a one-equation eddy viscosity model based on $k-\epsilon$ closure. The R-transport equation along with the Bradshaw and other empirical relations are used to solve for the turbulent viscosity. A damping function, $f_\mu$, is used to represent the kinematic blocking by the wall. To avoid defining a wall distance, a Helmholtz-type elliptic relaxation equation is used for $f_\mu$. The model has been validated against a few well-documented flow cases, yielding predictions in good agreement with DNS and experimental data.

## RAS Model

The turbulent eddy viscosity is given by

$\mu_t = C_\mu f_\mu \rho \tilde{R} = C_\mu f_\mu \rho k T_t$

The R-transport Equation:

$\begin{matrix} \frac{\partial \rho R}{\partial t} + \frac{\partial \rho u_j R}{\partial x_j} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} \biggl[ \left(\mu +\frac{\mu_t}{\sigma}\right)\frac{\partial R}{\partial x_j} \biggr] +C_1 \rho \sqrt{P \tilde{R}} - C_2 \rho \left(\frac{\partial \tilde{R}}{\partial x_k}\right)^2 \end{matrix}$

Realizable Time Scale:

$T_t = \frac{k}{\epsilon} \sqrt{1+\frac{C_t^2}{Re_T}}, \quad Re_T = \frac{k^2}{\nu \epsilon}$

Coefficient $C_\mu$:

$C_\mu = \frac{3(1+\eta^2)\alpha_1}{3+\eta^2+6\eta^2\xi^2+6\xi^2}$
$\eta = \alpha_2 T_t S, \quad \xi = \alpha_3 T_t W$
$\alpha_1 = g\left(\frac{1}{4}+\frac{2}{3}\Pi_b^{1/2}\right), \quad \alpha_2 = \frac{3}{8\sqrt{2}}g$
$\alpha_3 = \frac{3}{\sqrt{2}}\alpha_2, \quad g = \left( 1+2\frac{P}{\epsilon} \right) ^{-1}$
$\Pi_b = C_\nu \frac{P}{\epsilon}, \quad \frac{P}{\epsilon} = C_\nu \zeta^2$
$C_\nu = \frac{1}{2(1+T_t S \sqrt{1+\Re^2})}, \quad \zeta = T_t S max(1,\Re)$
$S_{ij} = \frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} + \frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i}\right), \quad S = \sqrt{2S_{ij} S_{ij}}$
$W_{ij} = \frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} - \frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i}\right), \quad W = \sqrt{2S_{ij} S_{ij}}$

Damping Function:

$-L^2 \nabla^2f_\mu + f_\mu = 1$
$L^2 = \zeta(2\zeta+C_\mu Re_T)\sqrt{\frac{\nu^3}{\epsilon}}, \quad (f_\mu)_{wall} = 0$

Other Model Coefficients:

$C_1 = 2C_\mu \zeta (1-C_\mu \zeta), \quad C_2 = min \Biggl[ 2C_\mu,\; \tilde{C}_\mu \sqrt{1+\left( \frac{C_1}{6 \tilde{C}_\mu}\right)^2}\;\Biggr]$
$\sigma = C_\mu + \frac{f_\mu}{C_T}$

$k$ and $\epsilon$:

$k = \sqrt{\tilde{k}^2 + k_\alpha ^2}$
$\tilde{k} = f_\mu^{0.8}\sqrt{C_\mu}R S_k, \quad k_\alpha = \nu S_\alpha$

$\epsilon = \sqrt{\epsilon_w^2+\tilde{\epsilon}^2+\epsilon_\alpha^2}$
$\tilde{\epsilon} = \frac{k^2}{R+\nu}, \quad \epsilon_\alpha = \nu S_\alpha^2, \quad \epsilon_w=2A_\epsilon\nu(\frac{\partial u}{\partial y})_w^2\approx 2A_\epsilon \nu S_k^2$

$S_k = \sqrt{\tilde{S}^2+S_\alpha^2},$
$\tilde{S} = f_k\left(S-\frac{\vert\eta_1\vert - \eta_1}{C_T}\right), \quad \eta_1 = S-W, \quad f_k=1-\frac{f_\alpha}{C_T}\sqrt{max(1-\Re,0)}$
$S_\alpha = \frac{2C_\alpha f_\alpha}{3\nu}\left(\frac{\sqrt{u_i^2/2}}{1+\mu_T/\mu}\right)^2, \quad C_\alpha=\sqrt{C_\mu^2+\frac{\nu}{R+\nu}}, \quad f_\alpha = 1 - exp\left(-\frac{\mu_T}{36\mu}\right)$

Constants:

$C_T = \sqrt{2}, \quad \tilde{C}_\mu = 0.09$
$0.05\;<\;A_\epsilon\;<\;0.11 \quad Commonly \;A_\epsilon = \tilde{C}_\mu$

## References

• Rahman, M. M., Siikonen, T., and Agarwal, R. K. (2011), "Improved Low Re-Number One-Equation Turbulence Model", AIAA Vol. 49, No.4, April 2011.