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Shirock May 31, 2012 12:04

CFD-Post: Pressure and Viscous Drag on Isosurface

I am modelling a water droplet motion through a gas channel and I want to calculate the drag force on that droplet. Therefore I need the pressure drag and the viscous drag on the isosurface which indicates the droplet.

The gas flow and hence the droplet movement is in inverse x-direction.

For the pressure drag I calcute areaInt(Total Pressure * Normal X)@Isosurface 1

For the viscous drag I define a new variable as gradient velocity u and calculate areaInt(Variable * 5e-06 [Pa s])@Isosurface 1

My Question is if the two equations are the right ones and if not what do I have to use instead. The problem is, that for different gas velocities the pressure drag is sometime positive sometime negative. The viscous drag is always positiv.

Every help would be highly appreciated.

Best regards.

ghorrocks May 31, 2012 19:02

What are you trying to do? If you are talking about isosurfaces defining droplets does that mean you have done a free surface simulation where the droplets are directly modelled and you are trying to extract the drag forces from that?

Also, why do you need the pressure and viscous drags? Isn't the total drag more useful and more accurate to measure?

Shirock June 1, 2012 01:14

I am doing Fluent VOF simulations. The isosurface defines the shape of my droplet by showing the cells with the water conten of 0.5.

I need the force on the droplet caused by the gas stream to compare it to the adhesion force. It would also be interesting to identify the rate of pressure to viscous drag on that droplet, to improve water motion.

I found a paper where it is said, that the pressure drag is the integrated pressure over the droplet shape and the viscous drag the integrated velocity gradient * viscousity over the shape. Both in flow direction.

My Question is about CFX-Post and how to calculate the two forces in it.

ghorrocks June 1, 2012 02:08

This is the CFX forum, for help on Fluent try that forum.

But in general: Yes, pressure drag is the integral of the pressure over the surface. I prefer to think of the viscous drag as the integral of the wall shear stress over the body. But calculating these for a VOF body is tricky. You probably can calculate the pressure drag using a surface integral of pressure in CFD-Post but I doubt it will be accurate.

I suggest the best thing to do is to look at the total drag by looking at the motion of the centre of mass of the blob over time. you can get the drag force from the acceleration of the blob. This will be much more accurate.

Shirock June 4, 2012 01:02

Thank you very much for your replies.

I thought to put this in the CFX forum because of my problems in CFX-Post. I will make a new thread in the Fluent forum.

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