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Benfa November 16, 2012 15:06

H2 Separation

I am simulalting the transient separation of H2 in air in a room. The rooms boundaries are walls. The volume is initilaized with air while in the lower volume (bottom of the room) h2 with a specifi mass fraction is initialized. The fluid is defined as variable mixture (H2 and air). Air is used as constraint while H2 is calculated with the transport equation. I also activated kinematic diffusivity for H2. Boyuoncy is activated as well.

Problem is that I do not observe the expected diffusion and density difference driven flow of H2 to the top of the room. Normally the h2 concentration at the top should increase.

Anyone who simulated a similar phenomena or did I anything wrong with the mixture?

Thanks in advance

ghorrocks November 17, 2012 20:05

Have you done all the normal checks:

evcelica November 19, 2012 19:56

Well diffusion is an extremely slow process, and the H2 won't actually separate from the air, they will always diffuse into each other. A problem may be that since you are doing this problem in a 1D manner, the buoyant force on the hydrogen can't really do much since the air is kind of "in the way" equally of it forming a buoyant plume and rising to the top. Think of this as being analogous to a pendulum that you have initialized as being upside down and being perfectly balanced. Of course the slightest disturbance would cause it to fall down (your hydrogen would go up) but if you initialize it in a perfect 1D manner, buoyancy ( or weight on the pendulum) would do nothing, and you would only see molecular diffusion taking place.

I would start the simulation from somewhere earlier in time. How did the bottom of the room start getting filled with the hydrogen?

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