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beyonder1 September 17, 2015 16:49

Y+ value for SST turbulence model
I have cascade of airfoils with inlet speed=20m/s and chord length=15.2. The airfoils are oscillating few degrees and hence there is mesh deformation. The reynolds no. is around 0.2 million. I am running the simulation on cfx. I did some research, read wiki pages and concluded that SST model could be best choice. But i have some doubt regarding choosing Y+ value as SST asks for low value. I dont know if my mesh is fine enough.
I also know about mesh independence study as a way of finding out but i would like some expert suggestion about choosing turbulence model and Y+ importance for my case(explained in first line).

ghorrocks September 17, 2015 19:39

Generate a mesh which you think is close and run it. Then generate the mesh again with all mesh length settings halved. This should generate a mesh with approximately 8 times as many nodes. Run it and compare it to the first one. If the two results are similar enough that you are happy with it then you can use the coarser mesh. If not then you need to halve it again until you do get an accuracy you are happy with.

You can also do this for the boundary layer mesh only to work out what y+ you need.

There are also more sophisticated ways of doing this using Richardson extrapolation.

beyonder1 September 18, 2015 04:55

I understand what you are saying and i am currently doing it. I want to know if there is some restriction on Y+ value(less or greater than some value) for SST to work efficiently. Also does SST an appropriate choice or do i have to vary the turbulence model too?

ghorrocks September 18, 2015 06:46

Yes, SST is an appropriate choice.

SST is theoretically valid for all y+ so do not restrict yourself to a y+ value. But numerical reality means that if y+ is too big you will not have adequate resolution of the boundary layer and if y+ is too small you will not converge due to numerical round off errors.

urosgrivc January 6, 2016 08:28

As i understand, SST switches to DNS near wals if y+ is lower than ~11. if it is from 0 to 300 it should be sufficient, but with y+ values above 100 I dont suspect geting any relevant results from the simulation, I usualy keep it mostly under 5 (train brake rotor cooling). And if you are simulating aerofoils where there are high gradients of pressure and velocity, good near wall resolving is wery important, I stay belov 1 with y+ when near wall results are important.
As you probably need forces for cd as a result, the smaller the better but under a surtan walue results wont change anymore and that is enough. Problem is that with such small elements node count gets quite big and than computational time begins to be a problem.

please correct me if I'm wrong

ghorrocks January 7, 2016 19:30

SST does not switch to DNS. It is a RANS turbulence model. It does however switch to integration to the wall.

Your other comments are generally correct, but I think you have missed the point a little bit. If wall functions adequately model the flow then there is no need to use y+<11 and integrate to the wall. So it is whether wall functions are adequate or not which determine whether you should integrate to the wall or use wall functions.

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