Composition driven free convection
I am performing CFD-calculations on a case with two connected vessels in which natural convection is important, driven by composition not by temperature differences. Using Rayleigh- and Grashof-numbers, the expected regime is fully turbulent. However, this is only a local phenomena. Far away, but still relevant, conditions are laminar.
The problem I am facing is that the transient calculations suddenly diverge because epsilon becomes small and the turbulent viscosity large (standard k-epsilon). I tried the fully deferred correction but this doesn't help.
Does anyone have experience with such a case? Then could you share some proper settings in terms of:
- convergence criterium (epsilon, velocities?)
- turbulence model (does a low reynolds turbulence model help?)
- grid quality (I know rectangular is preferable but then I will end up with millions of cells)
- differencing scheme (I don't expect any influence)
- anything else (like: number of iterations of a specific equation?)
Every help or suggestion is appreciated, P.Fonteijn.
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