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Petr August 15, 2004 12:22

gas turbine simulation setup
Hello folks,

I wonder how to setup material properties for flow simulation for gas turbine stage. As I learn from friends, who successfully did it in TASCflow, there are separate options for Cp and Cv values in material properties window. For a while I see that in CFX 5.7 I can select only one of it Cp or Cv. Appreciate Your suggestions and advice in advance.

BR Petr

Ian August 18, 2004 14:05

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
CFX uses Cp and molecular weight. Cv and gamma can be derived from these 2 quantities.

Petr August 18, 2004 16:27

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Thanks Ian.

I understand it. My core problem is that I can't duplicate in CFX 5.7 gas turbine stage simulation ( accomplished early in TASCflow 2.11). I get flow rate about 12% higher in CFX than calculated in TASCflow.

The results obtained in TASCflow are well correlated with experimental data, so I'd like to believe in its. I found that sole problem is the difference in working fluid density. The settings for fluid in TASCflow were: "Air at STP", Turbulence, Compressible.

When I set fluid in CFX 5.7 as "Air at STP", I get the density at inlet 1.284 kg/m^3 (P=830000Pa), despite that "Density depends on pressure" flag was set as YES.

When I set fluid in CFX 5.7 as "Air as Ideal Gas", I get the density at inlet 2.55 kg/m^3, while TASCflow shows this value 12% less.

Thanks in advance to anyone for any suggestions.


Robin August 19, 2004 12:07

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Are you using the same grid that was used in TASCflow?

Petr August 19, 2004 12:47

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Hello Robin,

Yes, thanks to CFX guys I can import the very same model as was used for TASCflow early. Today I found other odd thing : I have estimated gas costant (R) on inlet and outlet and obtained odd values 253/225. This values was checked in TASCflow and was OK - 287/287. Working fluid for CFX was Air Real Gas.

Does anybody have positive experience of turbine stage simulation in CFX 5.7 ?

Thanks Petr

Robin August 19, 2004 13:09

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Hi Petr,

We've had a lot of success with CFX-5.7 for this kind of calculation. Have you discussed this with technical support?


Robin August 19, 2004 13:23

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Do you mean Air Ideal Gas?

Petr August 19, 2004 14:50

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Sorry. Sure it is Air Ideal Gas.

Robin August 19, 2004 16:55

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Hi Petr,

A couple things worth noting here. The "Density depends on pressure" flag in the materials properties only has an effect if you have defined the density as an a function of pressure. If you have not modified the density accordingly, it will have no effect and your density will be constant. Which is what you are seeing.

Air at STP is the wrong fluid property to use, in any case, since the flow you are interested in is clearly compressible.

You should probably define your own fluid, rather than simply using Air Ideal Gas, since the exhaust from your combustor will not have the same properties. That said, if you are using Air Ideal Gas and the flow is compressible, make sure you select the "Total Energy" option in your Domain set up. Thermal Energy and Isothermal will not include the necessary terms in the energy equation.

If you have the same grid, boundary conditions, fluid properties, and your solution is converged, you should get almost exactly the same result with CFX-5 as CFX-TASCflow. The only major numerical difference between the two codes is with the advection scheme. CFX-TASCflow does not have the same higher order schemes as CFX-5, but if you run them both with 1st order upwind, you should get the same results.

If you still don't get the same results, I suggest contacting CFX support and sending them your cases. It is most likely a set-up problem, but if it is indeed a numerical issue, they will be interested in resolving it.

Best regards, Robin

Petr August 21, 2004 15:22

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Hi Robin

Thanks for explanation. It solve some my doubts. BTW: I TRY TO RUN THE EXAMLE FROM Tutorial 12 Flow in an Axial Rotor/Stator. I don't like BC suggested in Tutorial: total pressure on inlet and MFR on outlet. At my humble experience it often leads to wrong results for tubine stage. I run tutorial "as is" and then switch BC to total pressure on inlet and static pressure on outlet. Regrettably any time I can't get correct R(gas constant) on inlet and outlet.

Next week I'll write to CFX support.

Thanks and Best Regards


Ian August 27, 2004 11:42

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Create your own user defined fluid in each. That way you can be sure they are using exactly the same fluid properties.

We do this and our results are identical.

Petr August 28, 2004 12:38

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
Thanks Ian,

You are very helpful. BTW: couple a weeks before, we came to idea to export from our turbine design tool AxSTREAM to CFX/TASCflow not only geometry ,as we do now, but a fluid tabeles too. Your advice solves any doubts.


Petr September 1, 2004 08:19

Problem with tutorial sample
I try to check problem with samples from CFX tutorials. So I took Tutorial 12 ( Axial stator/rotor) and run it. I run it "as is" - using BC as was difined in tutorial ( pressure on inlet and MFR on outlet) and for other case (total pressure on inlet and static on outlet). Simulation ran smoothly and finished normaly (E-04). Then I try to calculate gas constant on inlet and outlet and obtain different values. How it can be explained ? I'm sure that it is the main reason of problems discussed in this topic.

Thanks Petr

Juan Carlos September 1, 2004 10:18

Re: Problem with tutorial sample
I am late in this discussion, but would you mind explaining how you are estimating the gas constant from the CFX-5.7/TASCflow results?

With that information, others could run the tutorial and try to reproduce your observations.

Thanks Juan Carlos

Petr September 7, 2004 15:20

Re: Problem with tutorial sample
In case of tutorial 12 data was as below :

fluid - as defined in tut12- Air Ideal Gas

inlet BC - total pressure 400000Pa, temp= 1000K,

outlet - static pressure 200000Pa,

rotor rotating 523.6 rad/sec.

Gas constant was calculated as

R = Pressure/ (Temperature * Density)

Results for inlet / outlet were:

Pressure (stat) = 388631Pa / 200000Pa

Temperature (stat) = 993.5K / 884K

Density = 1.718 / 1.187

Gas constant(R)= 227.7 / 190

Pressure, Temperature and Density were calculated with Calculator ( function MassFlowAve) -------------------------------------------------------



Petr September 8, 2004 15:02

Problem solved !
Problem with gas constant is solved.

I missed reference pressure. When ref. pressure = 100000Pa was added to values calculated from simulation results, gas constant become OK.

Sorry for false alarm.

Thanks to all


selvarani September 27, 2004 06:08

Re: gas turbine simulation setup

said November 11, 2004 16:37

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
please sent me gas turbine model

Andhika Wiraswastika December 11, 2004 11:04

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
please sent me gas turbine model n also the program listing in simulink MATHLAB......... thankz...

Bouam January 8, 2005 08:53

Re: gas turbine simulation setup
je cherche un logiciel de simulatioin d'une turbine gaz

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